Manila Jai Alai Building

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Manila Jai Alai Building
Manila Jai Alai Building in 1955.jpg
General information
Type For jai alai games
Architectural style Streamline Moderne
Location Taft Avenue, Ermita, Manila
Coordinates 14°35′5″N 120°59′3″E / 14.58472°N 120.98417°E / 14.58472; 120.98417
Construction started 1939
Completed 1940
Demolished July 15, 2000
Technical details
Floor count four
Design and construction
Architect Welton Becket

The Manila Jai Alai Building was a building designed by American architects Welton Becket and Walter Wurdemann that functioned as a building for which jai alai games were held.[1] It was built in the Streamline Moderne style in 1940 and survived the Battle of Manila.[2] It was considered one of finest Art Deco buildings in Asia.[2] It was demolished on 2000 upon the orders of the Mayor of Manila Lito Atienza amidst protests, to make way for the Manila Hall of Justice, which was never built.[2]

Design[edit]

The building was located adjacent to the old Legislative Building, now the National Museum of the Philippines. Composed of four storeys, the building's Sky Room was "the place to be seen" in its day. The building's cylindrical glass facade was meant to evoke the velocity of the game, which was then a craze in the city.[3] The building was damaged during the Battle of Manila during World War II but was repaired.

Decline[edit]

While the Sky Room became a venue of meetings and receptions during the Commonwealth and early years after Independence, the building had degenerated into a place of game-rigging, syndication and other forms of cheating.[2] Several murders had been said to had occurred there, as disputes on gambling on the results of jai alai games were prevalent.[4] In 1986, the game per se was banned in the country due to allegations of game fixing.[5]

Demolition[edit]

When Lito Atienza was elected Mayor of Manila in 1998, he immediately undertook several urban renewal projects in the city.[citation needed] One of the targets was the demolition of the now decrepit Jai-Alai Buildling. The vicinity had been taker over by vagrants, and the games transferred to Harrison Plaza in Malate, Manila. An effort by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), the National Historical Institute (NHI), the Heritage Conservation Society and other heritage conservationists opposed the demolition. Atienza, a frequent bettor on jai alai in his youth, would replace the building with a new building for the city's courts.[4] The conservationists attempted to at least save the building's facade, but were rejected since aside from being inconsistent with the intended function as a court and the building's association with gambling, the facade would be incompatible with the new building's neoclassical style.[4][6]

Post-demolition[edit]

The Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) was given the lot where the building once stood in 2005. The new building for city's courts, on the other hand, will be built on the site of the old GSIS building near Manila City Hall along Arroceros street, beside SM City Manila.[7] On August 22, 2012, there was a so-called "ground-breaking" for a new House of Justice hall on the lot with the GSIS old building, the eighth such ceremony.[8] The "ground-breaking" was symbolic and did not signal the start of construction as bidding for the engineering, design and construction had not take place yet.[8]

The demolition led to the passage of the National Cultural Heritage Act of 2009 and other efforts to preserve historic buildings, with have had mixed results.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jai Alai Auditorium Manila, Philippines". Ellerbe Becket. Retrieved 30 August 2012. "Page also has photos" 
  2. ^ a b c d e Villalon, Toti (July 15, 2012). "Remember jai alai: Stop making Manila heritage demolition victim". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Neumann, A. Lin. "Manila: Loving a City that Might Have Been". Globalasia.org. Retrieved 2010-10-17. 
  4. ^ a b c Armand Nocum and Jerome Aning (2010-07-25). "Palace, City Hall reject pleas for Jai alai building". Philippine Daily Inquirer. p. 5. 
  5. ^ Villalon, Toti (2012-07-15). "Remember jai alai: Stop making Manila heritage demolition victim". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 2012-09-01. 
  6. ^ "Jose 'Lito' Livioko Atienza, Jr.". 2007-07-31. Retrieved 2010-10-17. 
  7. ^ Araneta, Macon Ramos (2010-07-05). "Jai-Alai edifice scuttled for justice hall elsewhere". Retrieved 2010-10-17. 
  8. ^ a b Araneta, Sandy (August 23, 2012). "Manila to have own justice hall, finally". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 

External links[edit]