Martin Adolf Bormann

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Martin Adolf Bormann ((1930-04-14)14 April 1930 in Grünwald – 11 March 2013(2013-03-11) (aged 82) in Herdecke[1]) was a German theologian, the eldest of the ten children of Martin Bormann and a godson of Adolf Hitler.

Early life[edit]

Bormann was born as Adolf Martin Bormann in Grünwald, Bavaria, the oldest of the ten children of the head of the Nazi Party Chancellery and private secretary to Adolf Hitler, Martin Bormann (1900–1945) and his wife, Gerda Buch (1909–1946). Nicknamed Krönzi, short for Kronprinz (German for crown prince), he was an ardent young Nazi, attending the Nazi Party Academy of Matrei am Brenner in the Tyrol from 1940 to 1945.

On 15 April 1945, the school closed and young Martin was advised by a party functionary in Munich, named Hummel, to try to reach his mother in the still German-occupied hamlet of Val Gardena/Gröden, near Selva/Wolkenstein in Italian South Tirol. Unable to get there, he found himself stranded in Salzburg where the Gauleiter provided him with false identity papers and he found hospitality with a Catholic farmer, Nikolaus Hohenwarter, at the Querleitnerhof, halfway up a mountain in the Salzburg Alps.

Post-war[edit]

After Germany surrendered, his mother, Gerda, was subjected to relentless interrogation[2] by officers of the CIC (Combined Intelligence Committee, the joint American-British intelligence body). She died of abdominal cancer[3] in the prison hospital at Meran on 23 April 1946. The following year, her teenage son, Martin learned of his mother's death from an article in the Salzburger Nachrichten and only then confessed his true identity to Nikolas Hohenwarter, who reported the information to his local priest at Weißbach bei Lofer. Subsequently the priest advised Father Regens of the Church of Maria Kirchtal, who then took the boy into his care.

Bormann converted to Catholicism. While serving as an altar boy at Maria Kirchtal, he was arrested by American intelligence officers and imprisoned at Zell am See for several days of interrogation before being returned to his parish. He stayed there until he joined the religious congregation of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart in Ingolstadt. He had been able to resume contact with his brothers and sisters, all of whom, except for one sister, had also been received into the Catholic Church.[4]

After Hitler committed suicide on 30 April 1945, his fugitive father Martin Bormann suddenly vanished. Martin A. Bormann said he did not know what happened to his father when interrogated: he was repeatedly tested for lies but was deemed truthful. Over the coming years, several organisations, including the CIA and the West German Government, attempted to locate Bormann without success.[5] Sightings were reported at points all over the world, including Australia, Denmark, Italy, and South America.[6][7] In 1971 Bormann supported the government officials' conclusion that the disappearance of Martin Bormann Sr. was inconclusive and the search for Bormann Sr. was officially ended in November 1971. Thereafter, on 7 December 1972, construction workers uncovered human remains near Lehrter station in West Berlin.[8] Upon autopsy, fragments of glass were found in the jaw of the skeleton, which was identified as Martin Bormann Sr. through reconstructed dental records; the glass fragments suggested he had committed suicide by biting a cyanide capsule to avoid capture.[8][9] Forensic examiners determined that the size of the skeleton and shape of the skull were identical to Bormann's.[9] The remains were conclusively identified as Bormann's in 1998 when German authorities ordered genetic testing on fragments of the skull.[10] On 16 August 1999 the remains were cremated and Martin Bormann Jr. was permitted to scatter his father's ashes in the Baltic Sea.[10]

Life as a priest[edit]

On 28 July 1958,[11][12][13] he was ordained a priest. He was then sent to the newly independent Congo (formerly the Belgian Congo) in 1961, where he worked as a missionary until 1964. In that year, he had to flee the country due to the Simba rebellion. In 1966, he returned to the Congo for a year.[14][15][16]

Life after the priesthood[edit]

Following a near-fatal injury in 1969 Bormann was nursed back to health by a Religious Sister, Cordula. He ultimately left the priesthood in the early 1970s, and they later both renounced their vows and were married in 1971. They never had any children.

Bormann became a teacher of theology and retired in 1992. As recently as 2001, he toured schools in Germany and Austria, speaking about the horrors of the Third Reich, and even visited Israel, meeting with Holocaust survivors.[17]

In early 2011, Bormann was accused of allegedly subjecting a former pupil at an Austrian Catholic boarding school to violent and protracted sexual abuse during his time there working as a priest and schoolmaster, more than 50 years before. Bormann denied knowledge of the events.[18]

Bormann died in 2013 in Herdecke, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Traueranzeigen: Martin Bormann" (in German). Westfälische Rundschau. 2013-03-15. Retrieved 17 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Lebert, p. 95
  3. ^ Lebert, p. 97
  4. ^ Lebert, S. and N. (2000). My father's keeper. Munich: Verlagsgruppe Bertalsmann GmbH. 
  5. ^ Whiting 1996, pp. 127, 144.
  6. ^ Hamilton 1984, p. 94.
  7. ^ Whiting 1996, pp. 98–99, 101.
  8. ^ a b Whiting 1996, pp. 217–218.
  9. ^ a b Lang 1979, p. 432.
  10. ^ a b Miller 2006, p. 154.
  11. ^ MSC (Missionnaires du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus). 1963. Album Societatis Missionariorum Sacratissimi Cordis Jesu a Consilio Generali Societatis ad modum manuscripti pro Sociis editum. Roma: MSC. p. 255
  12. ^ Bormann, Martin Jr. 1965. Zwischen Kreuz und Fetisch: Die Geschichte einer Kongomission. Bayreuth: Hestia.
  13. ^ Bormann, Martin Jr. 1996. Leben gegen Schatten: Gelebte Zeit, geschenkte Zeit. Paderborn: Bonifatius.
  14. ^ MSC (Missionnaires du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus). 1966. Album Societatis Missionariorum Sacratissimi Cordis Jesu, A Consilio Generali Societatis ad modum manuscripti pro Sociis editum. Rome: MSC. p. 260
  15. ^ "Interkulturelle Konfliktbewältigung - DEN ABGRUND ÜBERBRÜCKEN", Jüdisches Kulturzentrum Graz, 4-6 November 2004, haGalil.com.
  16. ^ "Bormann's Son Back From Congo With 25". New York Times. 29 November 1964. 
  17. ^ "Simon Finch, 'Sins of the father'". The Spectator. 15 January 2000. 
  18. ^ Tony Patterson (2011-01-04). "Son of Hitler's deputy faces accusations of sexual assault". The Independent. Retrieved 2011-01-04. 

References[edit]

  • Hamilton, Charles (1984). Leaders & Personalities of the Third Reich, Vol. 1. San Jose, CA: R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0-912138-27-0. 
  • Lang, Jochen von (1979). The Secretary. Martin Bormann: The Man Who Manipulated Hitler. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0-394-50321-9. 
  • Miller, Michael (2006). Leaders of the SS and German Police, Vol. 1. San Jose, CA: R. James Bender. ISBN 978-93-297-0037-2. 
  • Whiting, Charles (1996) [1973]. The Hunt for Martin Bormann: The Truth. London: Pen & Sword. ISBN 0-85052-527-6.