Mauritanian People's Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mauritanian People's Party
Parti du peuple mauritanien
حزب الشعب الموريتاني
Founder Moktar Ould Daddah
Founded November 1960 (November 1960)
Dissolved July 1978 (July 1978)
Preceded by PRM
AJM
Nahda
UNM
USMM
Headquarters Nouakchott, Mauritania
Ideology Authoritarianism
Centralism
Islamic socialism
Socialist democracy
Politics of Mauritania
Political parties
Elections

Mauritanian People's Party (PPM, French Parti du peuple mauritanien; Arabic: حزب الشعب الموريتاني Hizb Al-Sha'ab Al-Muritaniy) was the sole legal party of Mauritania from 1961 to 1978. It was headed by President Moktar Ould Daddah.

Daddah founded the party shortly after Mauritania's independence from France in November 1960 by merging the former ruling party, the Mauritanian Regroupment Party, with opposition parties including Association de la Jeunesse Mauritanienne, Nahda, the Union National Mauritanienne, and the Union Socialiste des Musulmans Mauritaniens.[1] The parties were united at a meeting of their political leadership in December 1961, and Daddah proceeded to enact a range of repressive laws, banning alternative political parties and bestowing virtually unlimited power upon the Presidency.

Following the July 1978 coup led by Mustafa Ould Salek, Mauritania's civilian leadership was replaced with military rule and the party was abolished and banned.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pazzanita, Anthony G (1996). Historical Dictionary of Mauritania (Second ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 220. ISBN 9780810830950. 
  2. ^ Abdel Wedoud Ould Cheikh: Sozialstrukturen und politische Macht in Mauretanien. In: inamo 61, Frühjahr 2010, S. 4f