Methylmagnesium chloride

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Methylmagnesium chloride
Methylmagnesium-chloride-THF-3D-balls.png
Methylmagnesium chloride: shown with 2 molecules of THF coordinating to the Mg core.
Names
IUPAC name
chlorido(methyl)magnesium
Other names
(chloromagnesio)methane
Identifiers
676-58-4 YesY
75-16-1 (bromide)
ChEBI CHEBI:51492 YesY
ChemSpider 10610396 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 12670
Properties
CH3MgCl
Molar mass 74.79 g/mol
Appearance colorless solid
Reacts with water
Solubility soluble in diethyl ether and THF
Hazards
Main hazards flammable
Related compounds
Related compounds
Phenylmagnesium bromide
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Methylmagnesium chloride is an organometallic compound with the general formula CH3MgCl. This highly flammable and moisture sensitive material is the simplest Grignard reagent and is commercially available, usually as a solution in tetrahydrofuran. Like methyllithium, it is the synthetic equivalent to the methyl carbanion synthon.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Sakai, Shogo; Jordan, K. D. (1982). "Ab initio study of the structure and vibrational frequencies of the Grignard reagent methylmagnesium chloride". Journal of the American Chemical Society 104 (14): 4019. doi:10.1021/ja00378a047.