Michael Beetham

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Sir Michael James Beetham
Flt Lt M Beetham.jpg
Beetham as a flight lieutenant in May 1944
Born (1923-05-17) 17 May 1923 (age 91)
London, England
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Air Force
Years of service 1941–1982
Rank Marshal of the Royal Air Force
Commands held Chief of the Air Staff
Second Tactical Air Force
RAF Staff College
RAF Khormaksar
No. 214 Squadron
Battles/wars

World War II

Aden Emergency
Falklands War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Flying Cross
Air Force Cross

Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Michael James Beetham GCBCBEDFCAFCDL (born 17 May 1923) is a former World War II bomber pilot and a high-ranking commander in the Royal Air Force from the 1960s to the 1980s. As Chief of the Air Staff during the Falklands War he was involved in the decision to send the Task Force to the South Atlantic. At present, Beetham is one of only four people holding his service's most senior rank and, excluding Prince Philip's honorary rank, Beetham has the longest time in rank, making him the senior Marshal of the Royal Air Force.[1]

Early life[edit]

The son of Major G. C. Beetham MC,[2] Beetham was born in London on 17 May 1923. He was educated at St Marylebone Grammar School.[3]

RAF career[edit]

World War II[edit]

As a young man he witnessed the Battle of Britain from the ground which prompted him to join the RAF in May 1941.[3] Promoted to leading aircraftman on 19 June 1942,[4] Beetham was granted an emergency commission as a pilot officer on probation in the RAFVR on 13 December 1942.[5] He was promoted to flying officer in the RAFVR on 13 June 1943.[6]

Following flying training in the United States and Great Britain, he was assigned flying duties with 50 Squadron just prior to the Battle of Berlin.[3] During the Battle, Beetham flew his Lancaster on bombing missions over Berlin 10 times.[3] In a raid over Augsburg he lost an engine and he survived the Nuremberg Raid in which many Bomber Command aircraft were destroyed.[3] In February 1944, whilst Beetham was on a training flight, one of his aircraft's engines caught fire. Beetham and his crew bailed out, landing by parachute near East Kirkby; Beetham then joined the Caterpillar Club.[3] During his time on 50 Squadron, Beetham carried out 30 operations over enemy territory.[7]

Avro Lancaster, a type flown by Beetham during the Second World War

In May 1944 Beetham was posted to a flying instruction role: Beetham returned to operation duties with 57 Squadron just as the war in Europe was coming to an end.[3] He was involved in dropping supplies to the Dutch and in the repatriation of prisoners-of-war.[3] As an acting flight lieutenant in the RAFVR, Beetham was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross on 6 June 1944,[8] and was promoted to flight lieutenant on 13 December 1944.[9]

Post-war career[edit]

In November 1945, just after the end of World War II, Beetham was posted to No. 35 Squadron which was then selected to carry out the victory fly-past and conduct a good-will tour of the United States.[3] He was granted a permanent commission in the RAF on 1 September 1945 in the rank of flying officer,[10] and was promoted to flight lieutenant on 1 July 1946[11] with seniority from 13 June 1945.[12] He was posted to 82 (Recce) Squadron in East Africa in 1949 and attended the RAF Staff College, Andover in 1952[2] before being promoted to squadron leader on 1 January 1952.[13]

In 1953, Beetham was posted to the Air Ministry's Operational Requirements Branch.[14] Much of his time was taken up with the problems of bringing the V-bombers into service. Notably, Beetham also drafted the first specification for the TSR 2.[14] Beetham's next appointment was as the Personal Staff Officer to Task Force Commander of Operation Buffalo in 1956.[14] The open-air nuclear test explosions witnessed by Beetham led him to the view that it would never be possible to limit the extent of a nuclear war.[14]

Beetham was promoted to wing commander on 1 January 1958[15] and he then took up the post of Officer Commanding No. 214 Squadron.[2] In July 1959 Wing Commander Beetham captained the first aircraft, a Valiant bomber, to fly non-stop from the United Kingdom to Cape Town.[16] He was awarded the Air Force Cross in the 1960 New Year Honours.[17]

After several staff tours, during which time he was promoted to group captain on 1 January 1962,[18] Beetham was appointed Station Commander RAF Khormaksar (in Aden) in November 1963.[2] At the time of his arrival, Khormaksar was the RAF's largest overseas base and markedly overcrowded. That December saw the start of a major terrorist campaign against British forces in Aden (the Aden Emergency) and over the next two years Beetham spent considerable time dealing with the security of his overcrowded station. However the security problems did not prevent the aircraft based at Khormaksar being used on operations in the neighbouring region of Radfan.[19]

Air officer appointments[edit]

Beetham was promoted to air commodore on 1 July 1966.[20] He was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1967 New Year Honours.[21] More senior appointments followed: these included Director of Strike Operations in 1968[2] and Commandant of the RAF Staff College at Bracknell in 1970[2] as an acting air vice-marshal.[22] He was promoted to air vice-marshal on 1 January 1971,[23] and appointed Assistant Chief of Staff (Plans and Policy) at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe in 1972[2] and to Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Strike Command in 1975,[2] for which he was promoted to acting air marshal on 10 June 1975. He was promoted to air marshal on 1 July 1975,[24] knighted with the Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 1976 New Year Honours[25] and appointed Commander-in-Chief RAF Germany and Commander of the Second Tactical Air Force in 1976.[26]

Chief of the Air Staff[edit]

Promoted to air chief marshal on 21 May 1977, Beetham's final tour saw him appointed Air Aide-de-Camp to the Queen on 31 July 1977 and the Chief of the Air Staff on 1 August 1977.[27][28] As the professional head of his Service, Beetham defended the decision to introduce the strike version of the Tornado and supported the introduction of the Airborne Early Warning Nimrod which was later cancelled.[29] He also worked to build up the RAF's reserve forces.[29] Towards the end of his tenure as Chief of the Air Staff, the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands occurred: at the time Beetham was acting Chief of the Defence Staff and as such he was involved in the decision to send the Task Force to the South Atlantic.[29] Operation Black Buck, the bombing raids on Argentine positions in the Falkland Islands, were Beetham's idea.[7] When Beetham relinquished his appointment in October 1982 he had served for more than five years, making him the longest serving Chief of the Air Staff since Trenchard.[30] He was promoted to Marshal of the Royal Air Force on 15 October 1982.[31]

Later work[edit]

The Michael Beetham Conservation Centre at the RAF Museum Cosford.

As a Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Beetham remains on the RAF's Active List,[1] although for practical purposes he retired in 1982. From 1986 to 1990 Beetham was Chairman of GEC Avionics.[2] In 1989 he was made a deputy lieutenant of the County of Norfolk.[32] Michael Beetham holds the appointment of Honorary Air Commodore of No 2620 Squadron, Royal Auxiliary Air Force Regiment.[2] He is President of the Society of Friends of the RAF Museum.[33] The Museum's conservation centre is named the Michael Beetham Conservation Centre in his honour. Beetham is also President of the Bomber Command Association.[2]

In 2005, Beetham took part in his second flypast over London, this time as part of the celebrations marking the 60th anniversary of the end of World War II. He joined the crew of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight Lancaster bomber prior to its take off from Duxford.[34]

Beetham has written the foreword to three books:

  • Bombs Gone: Development and Use of British Air-dropped Weapons from 1912 to Present Day – Patrick Stephens Ltd (1990)
  • In Cobhams' Company – Published by Cobham Plc (1994)
  • The Strategic War Against Germany – Frank Cass Publishers (1998)

In 2010 Beetham spent time working with the author Peter Jacobs on a biography entitled "Stay the Distance: The Life and Times of Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Michael Beetham". The book was published in February 2011.[35]

Personal life[edit]

In 1956 he married Patricia Elizabeth Lane; they have one son and one daughter.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The Air Force List, 2006. HMSO ISBN 0-11-773038-6
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4081-1414-8
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Probert, p. 85
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35940. p. 1249. 19 June 1942. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35940. p. 1249. 16 March 1943. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36104. p. 3332. 13 June 1943. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  7. ^ a b "The men of bomber command: The pilot, Sir Michael Beetham". The Telegraph. 27 October 2008. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36550. p. 2699. 6 June 1944. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36862. p. 5949. 13 December 1944. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37668. p. 3875. 20 April 1989. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37758. p. 5081. 1 July 1946. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37892. p. 977. 13 June 1945. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39429. p. 60. 1 January 1952. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  14. ^ a b c d Probert, p. 86
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41266. p. 7594. 1 January 1958. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  16. ^ "Records set by the RAF". Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 41909. p. 35. 31 December 1959. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42559. p. 69. 2 January 1962. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  19. ^ Probert, p. 87
  20. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44039. p. 7465. 1 July 1966. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 44210. p. 8. 1 January 1967. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 45200. p. 10601. 29 September 1970. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 45271. p. 123. 5 January 1971. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46621. p. 8377. 1 July 1975. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46777. p. 3. 1 January 1976. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46800. p. 911. 20 January 1976. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47231. p. 7367. 8 June 1977. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 47289. p. 9978. 1 August 1977. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  29. ^ a b c Probert, p. 89
  30. ^ Probert, p. 88
  31. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 49162. p. 14621. 8 November 1982. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  32. ^ The London Gazette: no. 51709. p. 4703. 20 April 1989. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
  33. ^ "History". RAF Museum. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  34. ^ "Air marshal flies his second flypast over London – 59 years apart". Government News. 11 July 2005. Retrieved 10 June 2012. 
  35. ^ Stay the Distance: The Life and Times of Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Michael Beetham Frontline Books, 2011, ISBN 978-1-84832-552-4

Sources[edit]

  • Jacobs, Peter (2011). Stay the Distance: The Life and Times of Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Michael Beetham. Frontline Books. ISBN 978-1-84832-552-4. 
  • Probert, Henry (1991). High Commanders of the Royal Air Force. HMSO. ISBN 0-11-772635-4. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Nigel Maynard
Commandant RAF Staff College
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Alasdair Steedman
Preceded by
Sir Peter Horsley
Deputy Commander-in-Chief RAF Strike Command
1975–1976
Succeeded by
Sir John Stacey
Preceded by
Nigel Maynard
Commander-in-Chief RAF Germany
Also Commander of the Second Tactical Air Force

1976–1977
Succeeded by
Sir John Stacey
Preceded by
Sir Neil Cameron
Chief of the Air Staff
1977–1982
Succeeded by
Sir Keith Williamson