Michael Logue

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His Eminence
Michael Logue
Cardinal Archbishop of Armagh
and Primate of All Ireland
Michael Logue.jpg
Cardinal Logue in Lourdes
See Armagh
Installed 3 December 1887
Term ended 19 November 1924
Predecessor Daniel McGettigan
Successor Patrick O'Donnell
Other posts Bishop of Raphoe (1879–87)
Coadjutor Archbishop of Armagh (1887)
Orders
Ordination December 1866 (Priest)
Consecration 20 July 1879 (Bishop)
Created Cardinal 16 January 1893
Rank Cardinal-priest
Personal details
Born 1 October 1840
Kilmacrennan, County Donegal, Ireland
Died 19 November 1924 (aged 84)
Armagh, County Armagh, Northern Ireland
Buried St Patrick's Cathedral Cemetery, Armagh
Denomination Roman Catholic Church

Michael Logue (1840–1924) was an Irish prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland from 1887 until his death in 1924.[1] He was created a cardinal in 1893.[2]

Biography[edit]

Cardinal Logue was born at his mother's paternal home, Duringings, in Kilmacrenan, Co. Donegal.[2] He was the son of Michael Logue, a blacksmith, and Catherine Durning.[3] From 1857 to 1866, he studied at Maynooth College, where his intelligence earned him the nickname the "Northern Star."[3] Before his ordination to the priesthood, he was assigned by the Irish bishops as the chair of both theology and belles lettres at the Irish College in Paris in 1866.[4] He was later ordained in December of that year.[1]

Logue remained on the faculty of the Irish College until 1874, when he returned to his native country as administrator of a parish in Letterkenny.[2] In 1876, he joined the staff of Maynooth College as professor of dogmatic theology and Irish, as well as the post of dean.[4]

On 13 May 1879, Logue was appointed Bishop of Raphoe by Pope Leo XIII.[1] He received his episcopal consecration on the following 20 July from Archbishop Daniel McGettigan, with Bishops James Donnelly and Francis Kelly serving as co-consecrators, at the pro-cathedral of Raphoe.[1] He was involved in fundraising to help people during the 1879 Irish famine, which, due to major donations of food and government intervention never developed into a major famine.[3] He took advantage of the Intermediate Act of 1878 to enlarge the Catholic high school in Letterkenny. He was also heavily involved in the Irish temperance movement to discourage the consumption of alcohol.[3]

On 18 April 1887 Logue was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Armagh and Titular Archbishop of Anazarbus.[1] Upon the death of Archbishop MacGettigan, Logue succeeded him as Archbishop of Armagh, and thus Primate of All Ireland, on 3 December of that year.[1] He was created Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Pace by Pope Leo XIII in the consistory of 19 January 1893.[2] He thus became the first archbishop of Armagh to be elevated to the College of Cardinals.[5] He participated in the 1903, 1914, and 1922 conclaves that elected popes Pius X, Benedict XV, and Pius XI respectively.[6] Logue took over the completion of the Victorian gothic St. Patrick's Cathedral in Armagh. The new cathedral, which towered over Armagh, was dedicated on 24 July 1904.

Logue was a public supporter for Irish Home Rule and endorsed the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921. Logue maintained an attitude loyal to the British Crown during the First World War, and on 19 June 1917, when numbers of the younger clergy were beginning to take part in the Sinn Féin agitation, he issued an "instruction" calling attention to the teaching of the Roman Catholic Church as to the obedience due to legitimate authority, warning the clergy against belonging to "dangerous associations," and reminding priests that it was strictly forbidden by the statutes of the National Synod to speak of political or kindred affairs in the church.[7]

In 1918, however, he placed himself at the head of the opposition to the extension of the Military Service Act of 1916 to Ireland, priests being allowed to denounce conscription from the altar on the ground that the question was not political but moral. He also involved himself in politics for the 1918 general election, when he arranged an electoral pact between the Irish Parliamentary Party and Sinn Féin in three constituencies in Ulster, and chose a Sinn Féin candidate in South Fermanagh - the imprisoned Republican, John O'Mahoney.[8] He opposed the campaign of murder against the police and military begun in 1919, and in his Lenten pastoral of 1921, he vigorously denounced murder by whomsoever committed. This was accompanied by an almost equally vigorous attack on the methods and policy of the government.[7]

In 1921, the death of Cardinal James Gibbons made Logue archpriest (protoprete) of the College of Cardinals. Logue was more politically conservative than Archbishop William Joseph Walsh, which created tension between Armagh and Dublin.[9] In earlier life he was a keen student of nature and an excellent yachtsman.[7]

He died in Ara Coeli, the residence of the archbishop, on 19 November 1924 and was buried in a cemetery in the grounds of his cathedral.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Michael Cardinal Logue". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. 
  2. ^ a b c d "LOGUE, Michael". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. 
  3. ^ a b c d "BISHOPS OF RAPHOE". Roman Catholic Diocese of Raphoe. 
  4. ^ a b "Cardinal Michael Logue". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Armagh. 
  5. ^ "Old Michael". TIME Magazine. 1924-12-01. 
  6. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "Michael Logue". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 2009-04-09. 
  7. ^ a b c  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Logue, Michael". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York. 
  8. ^ Bardon, Jonathan (1992). A History of Ulster. The Blackstaff Press. 
  9. ^ Keogh, Dermot (1986). The Vatican, the Bishops and Irish Politics 1919-39. Cambridge University Press. 


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
James MacDevitt
Bishop of Raphoe
1879–1887
Succeeded by
Patrick O'Donnell
Preceded by
François Laurencin
Titular Archbishop of Anazarbus
1887
Succeeded by
Joaquín Larraín Gandarillas
Preceded by
Daniel McGettigan
Archbishop of Armagh
and Primate of All Ireland

1887–1924
Succeeded by
Patrick O'Donnell
Preceded by
Domenico Agostini
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria della Pace
1893–1924
Succeeded by
Patrick O'Donnell