Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Killanin
|Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin (1976)|
|6th President of the International Olympic Committee|
25 August 1972 – 1980
|Preceded by||Avery Brundage|
|Succeeded by||Juan Antonio Samaranch|
30 July 1914|
London, Great Britain
|Died||25 April 1999
|Residence||Dublin, Republic of Ireland|
|Alma mater||Magdalene College, Cambridge|
|Occupation||Journalist, film producer, author, business executive, honorary consul|
Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin, MBE, TD (30 July 1914 – 25 April 1999), was an Irish journalist, author, sports official, and the sixth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). He succeeded his uncle as Baron Killanin in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1927, which allowed him to sit in the House of Lords at the Palace of Westminster as Lord Killanin upon turning 21.
Morris was born in London. The son of Irish catholic Lt. Col. The Hon. George Morris who was from Spiddal in Co. Galway. The Morrises were one of the fourteen families making up 'the Tribes of Galway'. His mother was Dora Wesley Hall, an Australian by birth, whose family was from Herefordshire in England. His father was killed in action near Villers-Cotterêts, France, on 1 September 1914 while commanding the Irish Guards. He was educated at Summerfields, St Leonards-on-Sea, Eton College, the Sorbonne in Paris and then Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he was President of the renowned Footlights dramatic club. In the mid-1930s, he began his career as a journalist on Fleet Street, working for the Daily Express, the Daily Sketch and subsequently the Daily Mail. In 1937–38, he was war correspondent during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Lord Killanin married (Mary) Sheila Cathcart Dunlop (1918–2007), MBE, of Oughterard, County Galway, in 1945. She was the granddaughter of Henry Wallace Doveton Dunlop, who built Lansdowne Road Rugby Ground in Ballsbridge, Dublin, in 1872. Her father was The Very Rev. Canon Douglas Lyall Chandler Dunlop, Church of Ireland Rector of Oughterard. Lord and Lady Killanin had three sons, George Redmond ("Red"), Michael ("Mouse"), and John, and a daughter, Deborah.
In November 1938, the young Lord Killanin was commissioned into the Queen's Westminsters, a territorial regiment of the British Army, where he was responsible for recruiting fellow journalists, including future Daily Telegraph editor Bill Deedes, and friends who were musicians and actors. He reached the rank of Major and took part in the planning of D-Day and the Battle of Normandy in 1944, acting as Brigade Major for the 30th Armoured Brigade, part of the 79th Armoured Division. He was appointed, due to the course of operations, a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE). After being demobilised, he went to Ireland. He resigned his TA commission in 1951.
President of the IOC
In 1950, Lord Killanin became the head of the Olympic Council of Ireland (the OCI), and became his country's representative in the IOC in 1952. He became senior vice-president in 1968, and succeeded Avery Brundage, becoming President elect at the 73rd IOC Session (21–24 August) held in Munich prior to the 1972 Summer Olympics. He took office soon after the Games.
During his presidency, the Olympic movement experienced a difficult period, dealing with the financial flop of the 1976 Montréal Olympics and the boycotts of the 1980 Moscow Olympics. Denver, originally selected to host the 1976 Winter Olympics, withdrew and had to be replaced by Innsbruck. The cities of Lake Placid and Los Angeles were chosen for 1980 Winter and 1984 Summer Games by default due to a lack of competing bids. Killanin resigned just before the Moscow Olympics in 1980, and his position was taken over by Juan Antonio Samaranch. He was later unanimously elected Honorary Life President.
Lord Killanin was also a director of many companies and dabbled in the film industry, collaborating with his lifelong friend, John Ford, on The Quiet Man. He also produced films, including The Playboy of the Western World and The Rising of the Moon.
- Four days, an account of the 1938 Munich crisis, edited by Lord Killanin. London, W. Heinemann, Ltd. (1938).
- Sir Godfrey Kneller & His Times, by Lord Killanin. B. T. Batsford Ltd., (England) (1948).
- Olympic Games, by Lord Killanin. MacMillan Publishing Company (1 February 1976), ISBN 0-02-975730-4.
- Shell Guide to Ireland, by Lord Killanin, M.V. Duignan, Peter Harbison (Editor). Macmillan; 3Rev Ed edition (May 1989). ISBN 0-333-46957-7.
- The Fitzroy: The Autobiography of a London Tavern, by Lord Killanin, Sally Fiber, and Clive Powell-Williams. Temple House; 1st edition (21 August 1995). ISBN 1-85776-023-9.
- My Olympic Years, by Lord Killanin. Martin Secker & Warburg Ltd; First Edition (9 May 1983). ISBN 0-436-23340-1.
- My Ireland: A Personal Impression, by Lord Killanin. Gallery Books (Nov 1987). ISBN 0-8317-6286-1.
- Killanin, Lord (1983). My Olympic Years, autobiography. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-688-02209-X.
- Killanin, Lord (1988). Olympic Games 1988. Penguin Group. ISBN 0-7181-2391-3.
- Killanin, Lord; Duignan, Michael V (1989). Shell Guide to Ireland. Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 0-7171-1595-X.
- Double blow to Gold Cup trainer. Sunday Independent, 2007-03-04. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Haughey in tribute to Lord Killanin. Irish Independent, 1999-04-30. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- "Olympic Review". LA84 Foundation N59: 355. October 1972.
- Olympic Review N154. August 1980. pp. 410–412.
- Berry, Claire (28 July 2012). "Lord of Ballybrit". The Irish Field.
- Lord Killanin. The Guardian obituary. Retrieved: 2010-10-23.
- Lord Killanin, Olympic Leader, Dies at 84 by Richard Goldstein (two pages). New York Times obituary, 26 April 1999. Retrieved: 2010-10-23.
- An Irishman and his family: Lord Morris and Killanin, by Maud Wynne. Publisher: J. Murray (1937).
- Lord Killanin (1914–1999), Maire Boran, Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, Volume 53, 2001, 218–19.
- Michael Killanin at the Internet Movie Database
|President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
Juan Antonio Samaranch
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|