|The Lord Swann|
Michael Swann in 1987
|Born||Michael Meredith Swann
1 March 1920
|Died||2 September 1990(aged 70)|
|Institutions||University of Cambridge
University of Edinburgh
|Education||Winchester College, Hampshire
(independent boarding school)
Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge
|Known for||The mechanisms of cell division and fertilisation|
|Spouse||Tess Gleadowe (1942–1990; his death); 4 children|
Michael Meredith Swann, Baron Swann, Kt., FRS FRSE (1 March 1920 – 22 September 1990) was a distinguished molecular and cell biologist. He was appointed chairman of the BBC, awarded a knighthood and subsequently a life peerage.
Swann was educated at Winchester College, a boarding independent school for boys in the city of Winchester in Hampshire, where he was an Exhibitioner, followed by Gonville and Caius College at the University of Cambridge, where he was a Scholar.
Life and works
Swann lectured in zoology at the University of Cambridge, his former Alma Mater. He served with the British Army during World War II, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. In 1942, he marriead Tess Gleadowe (died 2009). They had two sons and two daughters.
His academic work was on the mechanisms of cell division and fertilisation. He used cell polarisation methods to understand the changes in molecular organisation of the mitotic spindle. With his collaborator Murdoch Mitchison, he found evidence in support of a new theory of cell division. He collaborated with Victor Rothschild in experiments on changes in membrane structure during fertilisation. He was appointed professor of Natural History at the University of Edinburgh in 1952 and was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1962.
From 1965 to 1974, he was the Principal and Vice-Chancellor of Edinburgh University. In 1968, he was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Science by the University of Leicester. During his term as Principal, he encountered difficulty with students led by Gordon Brown who had unusually been elected as Rector of the University. He received a knighthood in the 1972 Birthday Honours, having the honour conferred by the Queen herself on 5 December 1972.
He was chairman of the BBC from 1973 to 1980 having been appointed by Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath, who admired his strong leadership during student protests at Edinburgh University. He was created a life peer as Baron Swann, of Coln St Denys in the County of Gloucestershire on 16 February 1981. In 1980 Swann became Provost of Oriel College, and was also Chancellor of the University of York from 1979 until his death.
The Michael Swann Building at the University of Edinburgh is named after him. It continues to be used for work on cell division and fertilisation to this day.
- Brother, Hugh Swann, cabinet maker to the Queen
- Uncle, Brigadier Vivian Dykes, Chief Combined Secretary British Joint Staff Mission Washington, 1942
- Stepfather, Sir Sydney Castle Roberts, Secretary of Cambridge University Press, author; Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
- Brother-in-law, Monsignor Graham Leonard
- Mitchison, J. M. (1991). "Michael Meredith Swann Baron Swann of Coln Denys. March 1920-22 September 1990". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 37: 446–426. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1991.0023.
- "Michael Meredith Swann". www.jstor.org. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Profile, University of York. York.ac.uk; retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Lord Swann, 70, Former Chief of BBC And Educator, Dies", Associated Press via New York Times. 24 September 1990.
- Honorary Graduates, le.ac.uk; retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Lady Tess Swann obituary, The Independent, 13 October 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 3 June 1972.
- The London Gazette: . 12 December 1972.
- BBC Chairmen listing The BBC
- The London Gazette: . 19 February 1981.
- Heraldic Media Ltd., Patrick Cracoft-Brennan Cracroft Peerage Database v5.2
- Who, Where and When: The History & Constitution of the University of Glasgow Oxford at the Wayback Machine (archived July 25, 2006). University of Glasgow
- Greg Dyke to be Chancellor of the University of York. BBC. 11 November 2003
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Michael Swann.|
|Chairman of the BBC Board of Governors
Edward Victor Appleton
|Principals of the University of Edinburgh
Hugh Robson (educator)
|Chancellor of University of York