Middle East Studies Association of North America
Middle East Studies Association (often referred to as MESA) is a learned society, and according to its website, "a non-political association that fosters the study of the Middle East, promotes high standards of scholarship and teaching, and encourages public understanding of the region and its peoples through programs, publications and services that enhance education, further intellectual exchange, recognize professional distinction, and defend academic freedom."
MESA was founded in 1966 with 50 original members:
- Charles J. Adams, McGill University
- Robert McC. Adams, University of Chicago
- John S. Badeau, Columbia University
- Morroe Berger, Princeton University
- Leonard Binder, University of Chicago
- William M. Brinner, UC Berkeley
- Leon Carl Brown, Princeton University
- Frederick Cox, Portland State College
- Robert Crawford, The Rockefeller Foundation
- Alan Cunningham, Simon Fraser University
- Roderic Davison, George Washington University
- Mark Dresden, University of Pennsylvania
- Richard Ettinghausen, New York University
- Robert Fernea, University of Texas
- Richard N. Frye, Harvard University
- Charles F. Gallagher, American U Field Staff
- S.D. Goitein, University of Pennsylvania
- Oleg Grabar, University of Michigan
- George Grassmuck, University of Michigan
- Moshe Greenberg, University of Pennsylvania
- Harvey Hall, The Ford Foundation
- Manfred Halpern, Princeton University
- Alan Horton, American U Field Staff
- J.C. Hurewitz, Columbia University
- Charles P. Issawi, Columbia University
- Wadie Jwadieh, Indiana University
- Kemal Karpat, New York University
- Malcolm Kerr, UCLA
- Majid Khadduri, Johns Hopkins University
- Ira Lapidus, UC Berkeley
- D.W. Lockard, Harvard University
- Ernest McCarus, University of Michigan
- Muhsin Mahdi, University of Chicago
- Richard H. Nolte, Inst. of Current World Affairs
- Herbert H. Paper, University of Michigan
- Don Peretz, New York State Dept. of Education
- William R. Polk, University of Chicago
- Howard Reed, Education and World Affairs
- Richard D. Robinson, MIT
- Franz Rosenthal, Yale University
- D.A. Rustow, Columbia University
- Nadav Safran, Harvard University
- William D. Schorger, University of Michigan
- Hisham Sharabi, Georgetown University
- Stanford Shaw, Harvard University
- Gustave von Grunebaum, UCLA
- G.M. Wickens, University of Toronto
- R. Bayly Winder, New York University
- T. Cuyler Young, Princeton University
- I. William Zartman, New York University
- Farhat J. Ziadeh, University of Washington
MESA's current membership exceeds 2,900 and it "serves as an umbrella organization for more than sixty institutional members and thirty-nine affiliated organizations." It is a constituent society of the American Council of Learned Societies, the National Council of Area Studies Associations, and a member of the National Humanities Alliance.
Regions of interest to MESA members include Iran, Turkey, Afghanistan, Israel, Pakistan, and the countries of the Arab World from the seventh century to modern times. Spain, Southeastern Europe, the Soviet Union and other regions also are included for the periods in which their territories were part of the Middle Eastern empires or were under the influence of Middle Eastern civilization. Historians comprise the largest group of disciplinary specialists in MESA followed by Political Science/International Relations, Anthropology, and Language and Literature. The interdisciplinary gender and sexuality studies group is quite strong.
Publications: The International Journal of Middle East Studies (IJMES) is a quarterly journal published by Cambridge University Press under the auspices of MESA. The Editor is Akram Khater of North Carolina State University.
The Review of Middle East Studies (RoMES) is MESA’s journal of review. MESA policy has established the focus of RoMES as the state of the craft in all fields of Middle East studies. The Editor is Richard C. Martin and the journal is based at Virginia Tech.
MESA has a very active Committee on Academic Freedom (CAF) that has two wings: CAFMENA (Middle East and North Africa, established in 1990) and CAFNA (North America, established in 2005). Through CAF, MESA monitors infringements on academic freedom on the Middle East and North Africa world wide. http://www.mesa.arizona.edu/committees/academic-freedom/index.html
Each year CAF nominates candidates for MESA’s Academic Freedom Award. The winner(s) is/are confirmed by the Board of Directors.
Israeli-American historian Martin Kramer in his 2001 book Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America accused Middle Eastern studies programs of ignoring the mounting threat of Islamic terrorism. In a Wall Street Journal article published in 2001, Kramer claimed that Middle Eastern studies courses, as they stood, were "part of the problem, not its remedy". In a Foreign Affairs review of the book, F. Gregory Gause said his analysis was, in part, "serious and substantive" but "far too often his valid points are overshadowed by academic score-settling and major inconsistencies."
In 2002, American writer Daniel Pipes established an organisation called Campus Watch to combat what he perceived to be serious problems within the discipline, including "analytical failures, the mixing of politics with scholarship, intolerance of alternative views, apologetics, and the abuse of power over students". He encouraged students to advise the organization of problems at their campuses. In turn critics within the discipline such as John Esposito accused him of "McCarthyism".
In 2010, foreign policy analyst Mitchell Bard claimed in his 2010 book The Arab Lobby: The Invisible Alliance That Undermines America's Interests in the Middle East that elements of the Arab lobby particularly Saudi Arabia and pro-Palestinian advocates were hijacking the academic field of Middle Eastern studies within several prominent American universities including Georgetown University, Harvard University, and Columbia University. This has involved Saudi Arabia and other Gulf States funding centers and chairs at universities to promote a pro-Arabist agenda. Bard has also accused several prominent Middle Eastern studies academics including John Esposito and Rashid Khalidi of abusing positions by advancing a pro-Palestinian political agenda.
In addition, Bard has criticized the Middle Eastern Studies Association (MESA) for adopting a pro-Palestinian standpoint. Bard has also alleged that MESA marginalizes non-Israel-related topics including the Kurdish–Turkish conflict and the persecution of religious minorities like Christians and Jews and ethnic minorities that are non-Arabs such as Kurds. Finally, Bard has contended that since the September 11 attacks, the Arab lobby working through Middle Eastern Studies university departments have sought to influence pre-university education by tailoring education programs and resources to reflect a pro-Arabist agenda.
Since 1991 MESA has awarded the Albert Hourani Book Award to recognize "the very best in Middle East studies scholarship". The prize is named after Albert Hourani, "to recognize his long and distinguished career as teacher and mentor". The MESA Dissertation Awards were established in 1982 to recognize exceptional achievement in research and writing for/of dissertations in Middle East studies. In 1984 the award was named for Malcolm H. Kerr to honor his significant contributions to Middle East studies. Awards are given in two categories: Social Sciences and Humanities.
Since 1996 the MESA Mentoring Award has recognized exceptional contributions retired faculty have made to the education and training of others.
Since 1997 Jere L. Bacharach Service Award has recognized the contributions of individuals through their outstanding service to MESA or the profession. Service is defined broadly to include work in diverse areas, including but not limited to outreach, librarianship, and film.
- 2013 Peter Sluglett
- 2012 Fred Donner
- 2011 Suad Joseph
- 2010 Roger M.A. Allen
- 2009 Virginia Aksan
- 2008 Mervat Hatem
- 2007 Zachary Lockman
- 2006 Juan Cole
- 2005 Ali Banuazizi
- 2004 Laurie Brand
- 2003 Lisa Anderson
- 2002 Joel Beinin
- 2001 R. Stephen Humphreys
- 2000 Jere L. Bacharach
- 1999 Barbara Stowasser
- 1998 Philip S. Khoury
- 1997 Leila Fawaz
- 1996 Farhad Kazemi
- 1995 Ann M. Lesch
- 1994 Rashid I. Khalidi
- 1993 John O. Voll
- 1992 Barbara Aswad
- 1991 Dale F. Eickelman
- 1990 Yvonne Y. Haddad
- 1989 John L. Esposito
- 1988 William B. Quandt
- 1987 Michael C. Hudson
- 1986 Elizabeth W. Fernea
- 1985 Kemal Karpat
- 1984 Ira M. Lapidus
- 1983 Richard T. Antoun
- 1982 I. William Zartman
- 1981 Nikki R. Keddie
- 1980 Farhat Ziadeh
- 1979 Afaf Lutfi al‐Sayyid Marsot
- 1978 Wilfred Cantwell Smith
- 1977 George Makdisi
- 1976 L. Carl Brown
- 1975 Roderic H. Davison
- 1974 Leonard Binder
- 1973 Charles Issawi
- 1972 Malcolm H. Kerr
- 1971 John S. Badeau
- 1970 William M. Brinner
- 1969 R. Bayly Winder
- 1968 George Hourani
- 1967 Morroe Berger
- 1966 G.E. von Grunebaum (Honorary)
- "Middle East Studies Association". Retrieved 2014-12-02.