Minatitlán, Veracruz

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City and municipality
Shield of Minatitlán
Nickname(s): Tierra de Flechadores (Land of the Archers)
Minatitlán lies along the Coatzacoalcos River on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec
Minatitlán lies along the Coatzacoalcos River on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec
Coordinates: 17°59′N 94°33′W / 17.983°N 94.550°W / 17.983; -94.550Coordinates: 17°59′N 94°33′W / 17.983°N 94.550°W / 17.983; -94.550
Country Mexico
State Veracruz
City and Municipality Minatitlán
Settled 1826[1]
Founded by Tadeo Ortíz de Ayala
 • Presidente Municipal Leopoldo Torres García (PRI)
 • Municipio 4,124 km2 (1,592 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Municipio 356,020
 • Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym Minatitleco, Minatitlense
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Postal code 96700 – 96927
Area code(s) 922
Airport Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos National Airport
Website www.minatitlan.gob.mx

Minatitlán is a city in southeastern Mexican state of Veracruz in the Olmec region of the state and the north of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

In 2010 the greater metropolitan area had a population of 356,020.[2] The municipality covers an area of 4,123.91 square kilometers (1,592.25 sq mi) and includes many small outlying communities.

Much of the city sits on reclaimed wetlands, and many new homes built on this reclaimed land have a tendency to sink up to several meters before settling. Much of the surrounding undeveloped land is marshy, especially towards the northeast direction of Coatzacoalcos.

Minatitlán is home to the Refinería Gral. Lázaro Cárdenas del Río (now named for President Lázaro Cárdenas) a 1906 oil refinery that was the first such facility built in Latin America.[3] The refinery underwent an expansion that started in 2003 to bring the capacity of the plant up to 240,000 barrels per day, up from its previous capacity of 185,000 barrels per day.[4][5]

Pollution in Minatitlán

It is a sister city of Minatitlán, Colima in the state of Colima, on the other side of the country. The local economy is largely dependent on the oil industry and trade.

The Feria del Café y Minería (Coffee and Mining Fair) is held each year in January.[6]


Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos National Airport, located in Cosoleacaque, serves Minatitlán.[7] Mexican Federal Highways 145D, 150, 172, 185 pass through Minatitlán. A cable stayed bridge known as Puente Coatza II or Puente Antonio Dovalí Jaime was built to carry Highway 150 over the Coatzacoalcos River. It was constructed starting in 1979 and was opened by president Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado on 17 October 1984.[8] Coatza II has a center span of 288 metres (945 ft) and an overall length of 698.25 metres (2,290.8 ft).[9]


The Petroleros de Minatitlán (Minatitlán Oilers) play baseball in the Mexican League. The Gavilanes de Minatitlán (Minatitlán Hawks) play in the Veracruz Winter League. Both team's homefield is the Parque 18 de marzo de 1938.

Prominent Personalities[edit]

  • Narciso Vidal Maldonado outstanding scientist, biologist, ornithologist born in Minatitlán, Ver. on June 16, 1941 and died in tragic accident when he went to a scientific expedition to Guadalupe Island, Mexico on April 18, 1984. He was a pioneer in scientific work in Rasa Island and Guadalupe Island in Mexico. Founder and Promoter of the Mexican Society of Ornithology in 1971, Founder and Directive of the Mexican Society of Zoology, 9 of October 1977, Founder of the Courses of Wild Fauna and Etnofauna Postgraduated Courses at national level. In his memory it took place the II Interdisciplinary Seminar “Natural Society and Natural Resources, Scientific Journey “Narciso Vidal Maldonado”, on March 11–15 of 1985 in the Autonomous University of Chapingo. In tribute to his scientific work were created the Station of Observation and monitoring of birds of the Neotrópico “Narciso Vidal Maldonado” in the Choapas, Ver.; The Station and Observatory of the resident and migratory birds of the Neotrópico “Narciso Vidal Maldonado” in Tuxtepec, Oax. inaugurated during posthumous tribute within the framework of the XXV anniversary of the Mexican Society of Ornithology, in Tuxtepec, Oax, 1996. The Laboratory of Wild Fauna that he created in the Department of Forests of the Autonomous University of Chapingo has his name “Narciso Vidal Maldonado” [10][11][12][13]
  • Actress Blanca Estela Pavón was born in Minatitlán in 1926.[14]
  • Artist Francisco Toledo attended school in Minatitlán in the 1940s.[15]


  1. ^ "ASUR > Airports > Minatitlán > Minatitlán Airport". Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Censo 2010, ZM de Minatitlán" (PDF). 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "La primera refinería de Latinoamérica Refinería Gral. Lázaro Cárdenas" (in Spanish). Pemex. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Rosenberg, Mica (12 January 2011). "UPDATE 1-Mexico's Pemex restarts Minatitlan refinery". Reuters. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Barrera, Adriana (20 June 2011). "UPDATE 1-Mexico's Pemex says Minatitlan expansion ready end-Aug". Reuters. Retrieved 25 September 2011. 
  6. ^ Jiménez González, Victor Manuel, ed. (2010). Veracruz Guia para descubrir los encantos del estado [Veracruz Guide to discover the charms of the state] (in Spanish) (first ed.). Mexico: Editorial Oceano de Mexico SA de CV. p. 23. ISBN 978-607-400-323-9. 
  7. ^ "DIRECTORIO DE OFICINAS DE VENTAS." Aeromar. 4/7. Retrieved on December 27, 2010.
  8. ^ "Puente Coatza II, 26 años de comunicar al sureste mexicano - Agencia Imagen del Golfo" (in Spanish). Diario del Istmo. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2011. 
  9. ^ "Coatzacoalcos Bridge (1984) - Structurae". Retrieved 3 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Sociedad Mexicana de Ornitologia http://academia.cch.unam.mx/SMO/index.php/Quienes_somos
  11. ^ Sociedad Mexicana de Zoologia http://www.somexzool.org/historia_SOMEXZOOL_1.htm
  12. ^ Memoria del XV Simposio y IX Congreso Nacionales de Ornitología, http://academia.cch.unam.mx/SMO/images/8/88/Mems_IXCong_XVSimp.pdf
  13. ^ Memoria de Resumenes VI Congreso y XII Simposio Nacionales de Ornitologia http://academia.cch.unam.mx/SMO/images/2/23/Xiisimp.pdf
  14. ^ Blanca Estela Pavón at the Internet Movie Database
  15. ^ Toledo, Francisco. "CHRONOLOGY". Retrieved 25 September 2011. 

External links[edit]