Ministry of Justice (France)

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French Ministry of Justice in Place Vendome, Paris, France

The Ministry of Justice is controlled by the French Minister of Justice - Keeper of the Seals (Ministre de la Justice - Garde des Sceaux), a top-level cabinet position in the French Government. The current Minister of Justice is Christiane Taubira. The ministry is headquartered in Paris.[1]

The roles of the minister are to:[2]

  • oversee the building, maintenance and administration of courts;
  • sit as vice-president of the judicial council (which oversees the judicial performance and advises on prosecutiorial performance);
  • supervise public prosecutions;
  • direct corrections and the prison system
  • propose legislation affecting civil or criminal law or procedure.

The Minister of Justice also holds the ceremonial office of Keeper of the Seals and, as such, is custodian of the Great Seal of France.

Bureaus and offices[edit]

The French Ministry of Justice is subdivided into a number of departments, namely:

  • Cabinet du ministre – Cabinet to the Minister
  • Secrétariat général – Administration
  • Inspection Générale des Services Judiciaires (IGSJ) – Office of Inspector General
  • Direction des Services Judiciaires (DSJ) – Office of Court Administration
  • Direction des Affaires civiles et du Sceau (DACS) – Office of Civil Justice
  • Direction des affaires criminelles et des grâces (DACG) – Office of Public Prosecutions
  • French Prison Service (Direction de l'administration pénitentiaire (DAP) – "Bureau of Corrections")[3]
  • Direction de la protection judiciaire de la jeunesse (DPJJ) – Office of Juvenile Justice
  • Service de contrôle budgétaire et comptable ministériel (SDM) – Office of Accounting and Budget

French Prison Service[edit]

La Santé Prison, a unit of the French Prison Service

The French government does not keep demographic statistics of prisoners. Around 2008 demographers, Muslim leaders, and sociologists estimated that inmate populations around France averaged to about 60–70% Muslim.[4] The concentrations were higher in metropolitan areas with concentrated Muslim populations, such as Paris, Marseille, and Lille.[5] In 2010 the prisons in the French Prison Service has one of the highest rates of prisoner suicide in Europe.[6]

Former Ministers of Justice[edit]

1790 to the Third Republic[edit]

Third Republic[edit]

Vichy France[edit]

Free France[edit]

Fourth Republic[edit]

Fifth Republic[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Contact." Ministry of Justice. Updated on 21 may 2012.
  2. ^ Travaillot, Françoise. "French Ministry of Justice." Ministry of Justice (France). 15 September. 1. Retrieved on 6 May 2010.
  3. ^ Living in Detention – Handbook for New Inmates – French Prison Service (English). Ministry of Justice. Retrieved on 21 May 2010.
  4. ^ Moore, Molly. "In France, Prisons Filled With Muslims." Washington Post. Tuesday 29 April 2008. Retrieved on 24 June 2010. 1.
  5. ^ Moore, Molly. "In France, Prisons Filled With Muslims." Washington Post. Tuesday 29 April 2008. Retrieved on 24 June 2010. 2.
  6. ^ Davies, Lizzy. "French prison system under scrutiny after suicide." The Guardian. Monday 22 February 2010. Retrieved on 20 May 2010.

External links[edit]