Minuscule 828 (Gregory-Aland)

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New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 828
Page of the codex with text of Matthew 9:26-36
Page of the codex with text of Matthew 9:26-36
Text Gospels
Date 12th century
Script Greek
Now at Biblioteca della Badia
Size 26.5 cm by 19.5 cm
Type Caesarean text-type
Category III
Note beautiful

Minuscule 828 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε219 (von Soden),[1][2] is a 12th-century Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament on parchment. The manuscript has survived in complete condition. It contains marginalia.


The codex contains the text of the four Gospels, on 176 parchment leaves (size 26.5 cm by 19.5 cm).[3] The text is written in two columns per page, 27 lines per page.[3][4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), and according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (in Mark 234 sections, the last numbered section in 16:9). The numerals of the κεφαλαια are given at the left margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. The Ammonian Sections are given with a references to the Eusebian Canons (written under Ammonian Sections).[5]

It contains the Eusebian Canon tables at the beginning, tables of the κεφαλαια (table of contents) before each Gospel, lectionary markings, Synaxarion (liturgical book with hagiographies), subscriptions at the en each of the Gospels, numbers of remata, numbers of stichoi, and pictures.[5][6]

According to Scrivener the Eusebian Canon tables are beautiful.[6]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Caesarean text-type. Hermann von Soden classified it to the textual family Iιc.[7] According to Kurt and Barbara Aland it supports 148 times the Byzantine text against original, 27 times original against the Byzantine, 77 times agrees with both texts; it has 64 independent or distinctive readings. Alands placed it in Category III.[8]

According to the Claremont Profile Method it represents textual family f13 in Luke 1, Luke 10, and Luke 20. It is a fragmentary in Luke 10.[7]

In Matthew 9:35 it has additional reading εν τω λαω και πολλοι ηκολουθησαν αυτω.

It lacks text of the Matthew 16:2b–3 and the text of the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11).[5]


Gregory dated the manuscript to the 12th century,[5] other palaeographers dated it to the 11th century.[6] Currently the manuscript is dated by the INTF to the 12th century.[4] The manuscript was written in Calabria,[5] in Rhegium (?).[6]

The manuscript was examined and described by Antonio Rocci in 1882[9] and Kirsopp Lake. It was added to the list of New Testament manuscripts by Scrivener (626)[6] and Gregory (828e). Gregory saw it in 1886.[5]

It was digitized by the CSNTM.[10]

Currently the manuscript is housed at the Biblioteca della Badia (A' α. 5), in Grottaferrata.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Soden, von, Hermann (1902). Die Schriften des neuen Testaments, in ihrer ältesten erreichbaren Textgestalt / hergestellt auf Grund ihrer Textgeschichte 1. Berlin: Verlag von Alexander Duncker. p. 154. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 76. 
  3. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 95. ISBN 3-11-011986-2. 
  4. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 225. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 264. 
  7. ^ a b Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 66. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4. 
  8. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  9. ^ Antonio Rocci, Codices cryptenses, seu Abbatiae Cryptae Ferratae in Tusculano digesti et illustrati (Tusculanum 1883), pp. 5–6.
  10. ^ Manuscript: GA 828 CSNTM

Further reading[edit]

  • Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs. p. 225. 
  • Antonio Rocci, Codices cryptenses, seu Abbatiae Cryptae Ferratae in Tusculano digesti et illustrati (Tusculanum 1883), pp. 5-6.
  • Jacob Geerlings.Family 13 – The Ferrar Group: The Text According to Matthew, Studies and Documents 19, 1961.