Miscanthus sinensis

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South American Elephant Grass
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Genus: Miscanthus
Species: M. sinensis
Binomial name
Miscanthus sinensis
Andersson (1855)
Japanese Susuki of the plateau

Miscanthus sinensis is a species of flowering plant in the grass family Poaceae, native to eastern Asia throughout most of China, Japan, Taiwan and Korea. It is an herbaceous perennial grass, growing to 0.8–2 m (3–7 ft) tall, rarely 4 m (13 ft), forming dense clumps from an underground rhizome. The leaves are 18–75 cm (7–30 in) tall and 0.3–2 cm broad. The flowers are purplish, held above the foliage.

Nomenclature[edit]

Common names include Chinese silver grass, Eulalia grass, maiden grass, zebra grass, Susuki grass, porcupine grass. The Latin Miscanthus comes from the Greek for "stalk" and "flower".[1] The qualifier sinensis means "from China",[2] though the plant is found elsewhere in eastern Asia.

Forms and Varieties[edit]

  • M. sinensis f. glaber Honda
  • M. sinensis var. gracillimus Hitchc.
  • M. sinensis var. variegatus Beal
  • M. sinensis var. zebrinus Beal

Cultivation[edit]

It is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions around the world.

It has become an invasive species in parts of North America.[3] However, it is possible to reduce the likelihood of escape or hybridization with extant wild M. sinensis populations with breeding and proper management.[4]

Cultivars[edit]

Several cultivars have been selected, including 'Strictus' with narrow growth habit, 'Variegata' with white margins, and 'Zebrina' with horizontal yellow and green stripes across the leaves. Those marked agm have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

  • 'Border Bandit'
  • 'Cosmopolitan' agm[5]
  • 'Dronning Ingrid'
  • 'Ferner Osten' agm[6]
  • 'Flamingo' agm[7]
  • 'Gewitterwolke' agm[8]
  • 'Ghana' agm[9]
  • 'Gold und Silber' agm[10]
  • 'Gracillimus'
  • 'Grosse Fontäne' agm[11]
  • 'Kaskade' agm[12]
  • 'Kleine Fontäne' agm[13]
  • 'Kleine Silberspinne' agm[14]
  • 'Malepartus'
  • 'Morning Light' agm[15]
  • 'Septemberrot' agm[16]
  • 'Silberfeder' agm[17]
  • 'Strictus' agm[18]
  • 'Undine' agm[19]
  • 'Variegatus'
  • 'Zebrinus' agm[20]

Uses[edit]

M. sinensis is a candidate for bioenergy production due to its high yield, even in high stress environments, easy propagation, effective nutrient cycling, and high genetic variation.[21]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Eulalia japonica Trin.
  • Saccharum japonicum Thunb.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Coombes, Allen J. (2012). The A to Z of plant names. USA: Timber Press. p. 312. ISBN 9781604691962. 
  2. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  3. ^ Chinese silvergrass. Invasive.org: Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, February 2, 2010. Accessed May 28, 2010.
  4. ^ Quinn LD, Allen DJ, Stewart JR (2010) Invasiveness potential of Miscanthus sinensis: implications for bioenergy production in the United States. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. 1-2, 126-153.
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Cosmopolitan'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Ferner Osten'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Flamingo'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Gewitterwolke'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Ghana'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Gold und Silber'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Grosse Fontane'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Kaskade'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Kleine Fontane'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Kleine Silberspinne'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  15. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Morning Light'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Septemberrot'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  17. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Silberfeder'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  18. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Strictus'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  19. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Undine'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Miscanthus sinensis 'Zebrinus'". Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  21. ^ Stewart R, Toma Y, Fernández FG, Nishiwaki A, Yamada T, Bollero G (2009) The ecology and agronomy of “Miscanthus sinensis”, a species important to bioenergy crop development, in its native range in Japan: a review. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. 1-2, 126-153.

References[edit]

External links[edit]