|Founded by||Former Palmach members|
Misgav Am (Hebrew: מִשְׂגַּב עָם, lit. Fortress of the People) is a kibbutz in the Upper Galilee in northern Israel. Located close to the border with Lebanon near the town of Kiryat Shmona, it falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Council.
Misgav Am is 840 m (2,760 feet) above sea level and overlooks on one side the Hula Valley and on the other side the neighboring Lebanese village of El Adisseh.
Misgav Am was founded in 1945. One of its founders was Dr. Reuven Moskovitz. He was born 1928 in Romania, survived the Holocaust and immigrated to Israel. He founded several organisations, including Neve Shalom, where he has lived since 1972.
On 7 April 1980, five terrorists from the Iraqi-backed Arab Liberation Front penetrated Misgav Am in the night and entered the nursery. They killed the kibbutz secretary and an infant boy. They held the rest of the children hostage, demanding the release of about 50 terrorists held in Israeli prisons. The first raid of an IDF infantry unit was unsuccessful, but a second attempt, a few hours later, succeeded, and all the terrorists were killed. Two kibbutz members and one soldier were killed, four children and 11 soldiers were wounded.
Immediately after the attack, Israeli troops entered southern Lebanon to wipe out terrorist nests and to intensify the pressure on the Palestinian terrorists in Lebanon. Israel withdrew after five days, because of heavy political pressure by the United States.
In the years of Israeli presence in southern Lebanon (1982-2000), the kibbutz had cordial relations with the people on the other side of the border, despite the state of war between Lebanon and Israel since Israel's birth in 1948.
During the Second Lebanon war in 2006, several thousands of IDF troops were deployed around Misgav Am, which brought heavy logistical problems: food, water and sanitary facilities.
The kibbutz offers an education system beginning at the age of 3 and ending after high school. There is a daycare center for babies, another for infants and also a kindergarten. Elementary school is at Kibbutz Kfar Giladi, junior and senior high school is located at kibbutz Dafna.
Only around 90 of the 300 people living in Misgav Am are members. Many residents study in the nearby Academic College of Tel Hai. The kibbutz celebrates some of the Jewish holidays together and are a kind of kibbutz tradition: Lag Ba'omer, Yom Ha'atzmaut, Hanukkah, Tu Bishvat and Shavuot.
The kibbutz has a covered swimming pool, a library, a mini-market and sports courts. Besides a 24-hour Magen David Adom emergency station, there is also a health clinic which belongs to Clalit Health Services (Kupat Holim Clalit).
The factory, Sion Texo Medic Ltd., produces an 'extensive range of conforming and elastic bandages as well as its latest line of wound dressings'.
Sion factory burnt to the ground in 2011 and had to be relocated.