Mission of Dead Souls is a recording of the final performance of Throbbing Gristle before their initial breakup. The concert took place in San Francisco on May 29, 1981.
The album was originally released as part of the Fetish box set, consisting of four old albums and this album that was exclusive to the box, but when Mute Records picked up the Throbbing Gristle catalogue, this was one of the albums that was picked up, making this one of the most common Throbbing Gristle albums.
An official Betamax and VHS of this performance was recorded and released by Target Video on in the US on NTSC format in 1983. This was later issued on DVD in the "TGV" box set