|Native to||New Netherland|
|Native speakers||Extinct late 17th century (date missing)|
|ISO 639-3||None (
Mohawk Dutch is a now extinct Dutch-based creole language mainly spoken during the 17th century west of Albany, New York in the area around the Mohawk River, by the Dutch colonists who traded with or to a lesser extent mixed with the local population from the Mohawk nation.
At the height of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands's North American colony of New Netherland, there were 18 languages spoken within Dutch-controlled territory. Dutch settlers frequently married First Nations women, most commonly from the Mohawk with whom they were strong allies. The resulting children often drifted between the territory of the Iroquois Confederacy and New Netherland, forming among themselves a creole taking elements from both languages.
The language was never documented and disappeared before the end of the 17th century, after the disaster years of the Third Anglo-Dutch War forced the Dutch to finally cede their destabilized North American territory to England in the Treaty of Westminster of 1674.
Research into similar languages such as Michif (a mixed language formed between French and Cree) has indicated that creoles formed between Europeans and First Nations peoples tended to follow a similar pattern grammatically. The verb phrase was most likely Iroquoian-based, and thus polysynthetic. The noun phrase likely derived from Dutch.
- A History of the Schenectady Patent in the Dutch and English Times, by Jonathan Pearson, Junius Wilson MacMurray. Published 1883 by Munsell's Sons, Schenectady, NY. Original from Harvard University, digitized May 10, 2007.
- http://threerivershms.com/mohawkdutch.htm The Mohawk Dutch and the Palatines
- Bakker, Peter. A Language of Our Own: The Genesis of Michif, the Mixed Cree-French Language of the Canadian Metis, Oxford University Press, 1997.