Monti Cabinet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Monti cabinet
61st Cabinet of Italy
Flag of Italy.svg
Monti Cabinet with Giorgio Napolitano.jpg
Date formed 16 November 2011
Date dissolved 28 April 2013
(529 days)
People and organizations
Head of government Mario Monti
Head of state Giorgio Napolitano
Total number of ministers 19
Member party Independent
History
Legislature term(s) 29 April 2008 – 15 March 2013 (XVI)
Incoming formation Monti Cabinet formation, 2011
Outgoing formation Letta Cabinet formation, 2013
Previous Berlusconi IV Cabinet
Successor Letta Cabinet

The Monti cabinet was the sixty-first cabinet of the government of Italy and was announced on 16 November 2011.[1][2][3][4] The cabinet was composed of independents, three of whom were women[5] and was formed as an interim government.[4] The government ran the country for eighteen months until the aftermath of the elections in Spring 2013 and then then replaced by the Letta Cabinet, formed by Enrico Letta on 28 April.[6]

Formation[edit]

On 9 November 2011, Monti was appointed a Lifetime Senator by Italian President Giorgio Napolitano.[7] He was seen as a favourite to replace Silvio Berlusconi and lead a new unity government in Italy in order to implement reforms and austerity measures.[8] The ultimate purpose of Monti's appointment was to save Italy from the eurozone sovereign debt crisis.[9]

On 12 November 2011, following Berlusconi's resignation, Napolitano asked Monti to form a new government.[10] Monti accepted, and held talks with the leaders of the main Italian political parties, declaring that he wanted to form a government that would remain in office until the next scheduled general elections in 2013.[11] On 16 November 2011, Monti was sworn in as Prime Minister of Italy, after making known a technocratic cabinet composed entirely of unelected professionals.[12] He also chose to hold personally the post of Minister of Economy and Finance.[13][14] His tenure in the latter post lasted until 11 July 2012 when Vittorio Grilli, previously vice-minister, became Minister.[15]

On 17 and 18 November 2011, the Italian Senate and Italian Chamber of Deputies both passed motions of confidence supporting Monti's government, with only Lega Nord voting against.[16][17]

Composition[edit]

Monti Cabinet[1]
Ministry Minister Party
Prime Minister Mario Monti Independent
Secretary of the Council Antonio Catricalà Independent
Minister of Foreign Affairs

Deputy Ministers
Giulio Terzi di Sant'Agata
Mario Monti (from 26 March 2013)
Steffan de Mistura and Marta Dassù (from 26 March 2013)
Independent
Independent
Minister of the Interior Anna Maria Cancellieri Independent
Minister of Economy and Finances

Deputy Minister (Treasury)
Mario Monti
Vittorio Grilli (from 11 July 2012)
Vittorio Grilli (16 November 2011 – 11 July 2012)
Independent
Independent
Independent
Minister of Defence Giampaolo Di Paola Independent
Minister of Justice Paola Severino Independent
Minister of Economic Development
Minister of Infrastructures and Transports
Deputy Minister (Infrastructures and Transports)
Corrado Passera

Mario Ciaccia
Independent

Independent
Minister of Agriculture, Food and Foresty Policies Mario Catania Independent
Minister of Education, University and Research Francesco Profumo Independent
Minister of Health Renato Balduzzi Independent
Minister of Labour, Social Policies and Gender Equality
Deputy Minister
Elsa Fornero
Michel Martone
Independent
Independent
Minister of Environment and Protection of Land and Sea Corrado Clini Independent
Minister of Cultural Heritage Lorenzo Ornaghi Independent
Minister without portfolio (Relations with Parliament, Platform Accomplishment) Dino Piero Giarda Independent
Minister without portfolio (Territorial Cohesion) Fabrizio Barca Independent
Minister without portfolio (Tourism, Sport, Regional Affairs) Piero Gnudi Independent
Minister without portfolio (European Affairs) Enzo Moavero Milanesi Independent
Minister without portfolio (International Cooperation, Integration) Andrea Riccardi Independent
Minister without portfolio (Public Administration, Legislative simplification) Filippo Patroni Griffi Independent

Notable actions[edit]

On 9 October 2012, Interior Minister Anna Maria Cancellieri sacked the municipal administration of Reggio Calabria (mayor, assessors, councillors) for alleged links to the organised crime syndicate 'Ndrangheta after a months long investigation and replaced it with three central government appointed administrators to govern for 18 months until a new election in 2014. This was the first time the government of a provincial capital had been dismissed.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mario Monti's technocrats: profiles of the new Italian cabinet". The Guardian. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Monti unveils technocratic cabinet for Italy". BBC News. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Facing Crisis, Technocrats Take Charge in Italy". The New York Times. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Marangoni, Francesco (2012). "Technocrats in Government: The Composition and Legislative Initiatives of the Monti Government Eight Months into its Term of Office". Bulletin of Italian Politics 4 (1): 135–149. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  5. ^ "Monti’s Team – Seven Academics, Three Women and No Politicos". Corriere della Sera. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  6. ^ Dinmore, Guy (28 April 2013). "Mayhem greets Italy’s grand coalition". Financial Times (Rome). Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Napolitano nomina Monti senatore a vita". Corriere della Sera. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  8. ^ Vagnoni, Giselda; Hornby, Catherine (10 November 2011). "Mario Monti Emerges as Favorite To Lead Italy". Reuters. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Italy: Minister calls for fighting corruption". The Independent. AP. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 
  10. ^ "Incarico a Monti: "Occorre crescita ed equità"". la Repubblica. 12 November 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  11. ^ Donadio, Rachel; Povoledo, Elisabetta (16 November 2011). "Facing Crisis, Technocrats Take Charge in Italy". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "Monti Unveils Technocratic Cabinet for Italy" (16 November 2011). BBC News. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  13. ^ Squires, Nick (16 November 2011). "Mario Monti Appoints Himself Economy Minister as He Unveils Italy Government". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  14. ^ "Monti Unveils Technocratic Cabinet for Italy". BBC News. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  15. ^ "Vittorio Grilli to replace Mario Monti as Italy's new finance minister: Government". The Economic Times (Rome). 11 July 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  16. ^ Winfield, Nicole (18 November 2011). "Italian leader Mario Monti wins second confidence vote". The Independent. Retrieved 10 February 2012. 
  17. ^ "New Italy PM wins confidence vote on tough reform plans". Reuters. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012. 
  18. ^ "Italy sacks city government over mafia links". Al Jazeera. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2012.