61st Cabinet of Italy
|Date formed||16 November 2011|
|Date dissolved||28 April 2013
|People and organizations|
|Head of government||Mario Monti|
|Head of state||Giorgio Napolitano|
|Total number of ministers||19|
|Legislature term(s)||29 April 2008 – 15 March 2013 (XVI)|
|Incoming formation||Monti Cabinet formation, 2011|
|Outgoing formation||Letta Cabinet formation, 2013|
|Previous||Berlusconi IV Cabinet|
The Monti cabinet was the sixty-first cabinet of the government of Italy and was announced on 16 November 2011. The cabinet was composed of independents, three of whom were women and was formed as an interim government. The government ran the country for eighteen months until the aftermath of the elections in Spring 2013 and then replaced by the Letta Cabinet, formed by Enrico Letta on 28 April.
On 9 November 2011, Monti was appointed a Lifetime Senator by Italian President Giorgio Napolitano. He was seen as a favourite to replace Silvio Berlusconi and lead a new unity government in Italy in order to implement reforms and austerity measures. The ultimate purpose of Monti's appointment was to save Italy from the eurozone sovereign debt crisis.
On 12 November 2011, following Berlusconi's resignation, Napolitano asked Monti to form a new government. Monti accepted, and held talks with the leaders of the main Italian political parties, declaring that he wanted to form a government that would remain in office until the next scheduled general elections in 2013. On 16 November 2011, Monti was sworn in as Prime Minister of Italy, after making known a technocratic cabinet composed entirely of unelected professionals. He also chose to hold personally the post of Minister of Economy and Finance. His tenure in the latter post lasted until 11 July 2012 when Vittorio Grilli, previously vice-minister, became Minister.
|Prime Minister||Mario Monti||Independent|
|Secretary of the Council||Antonio Catricalà||Independent|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs
|Giulio Terzi di Sant'Agata
Mario Monti (from 26 March 2013)
Steffan de Mistura and Marta Dassù (from 26 March 2013)
|Minister of the Interior||Anna Maria Cancellieri||Independent|
|Minister of Economy and Finances
Deputy Minister (Treasury)
Vittorio Grilli (from 11 July 2012)
Vittorio Grilli (16 November 2011 – 11 July 2012)
|Minister of Defence||Giampaolo Di Paola||Independent|
|Minister of Justice||Paola Severino||Independent|
|Minister of Economic Development
Minister of Infrastructures and Transports
Deputy Minister (Infrastructures and Transports)
|Minister of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Policies||Mario Catania||Independent|
|Minister of Education, University and Research||Francesco Profumo||Independent|
|Minister of Health||Renato Balduzzi||Independent|
|Minister of Labour, Social Policies and Gender Equality
|Minister of Environment and Protection of Land and Sea||Corrado Clini||Independent|
|Minister of Cultural Heritage||Lorenzo Ornaghi||Independent|
|Minister without portfolio (Relations with Parliament, Platform Accomplishment)||Dino Piero Giarda||Independent|
|Minister without portfolio (Territorial Cohesion)||Fabrizio Barca||Independent|
|Minister without portfolio (Tourism, Sport, Regional Affairs)||Piero Gnudi||Independent|
|Minister without portfolio (European Affairs)||Enzo Moavero Milanesi||Independent|
|Minister without portfolio (International Cooperation, Integration)||Andrea Riccardi||Independent|
|Minister without portfolio (Public Administration, Legislative simplification)||Filippo Patroni Griffi||Independent|
On 9 October 2012, Interior Minister Anna Maria Cancellieri sacked the municipal administration of Reggio Calabria (mayor, assessors, councillors) for alleged links to the organised crime syndicate 'Ndrangheta after a months long investigation and replaced it with three central government appointed administrators to govern for 18 months until a new election in 2014. This was the first time the government of a provincial capital had been dismissed.
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- Marangoni, Francesco (2012). "Technocrats in Government: The Composition and Legislative Initiatives of the Monti Government Eight Months into its Term of Office". Bulletin of Italian Politics 4 (1): 135–149. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- "Monti’s Team – Seven Academics, Three Women and No Politicos". Corriere della Sera. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Dinmore, Guy (28 April 2013). "Mayhem greets Italy’s grand coalition". Financial Times (Rome). Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Napolitano nomina Monti senatore a vita". Corriere della Sera. 9 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- Vagnoni, Giselda; Hornby, Catherine (10 November 2011). "Mario Monti Emerges as Favorite To Lead Italy". Reuters. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "Italy: Minister calls for fighting corruption". The Independent. AP. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Incarico a Monti: "Occorre crescita ed equità"". la Repubblica. 12 November 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- Donadio, Rachel; Povoledo, Elisabetta (16 November 2011). "Facing Crisis, Technocrats Take Charge in Italy". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Monti Unveils Technocratic Cabinet for Italy" (16 November 2011). BBC News. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- Squires, Nick (16 November 2011). "Mario Monti Appoints Himself Economy Minister as He Unveils Italy Government". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Monti Unveils Technocratic Cabinet for Italy". BBC News. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Vittorio Grilli to replace Mario Monti as Italy's new finance minister: Government". The Economic Times (Rome). 11 July 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
- Winfield, Nicole (18 November 2011). "Italian leader Mario Monti wins second confidence vote". The Independent. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
- "New Italy PM wins confidence vote on tough reform plans". Reuters. 17 November 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012.
- "Italy sacks city government over mafia links". Al Jazeera. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2012.