Morane-Saulnier AN

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Type AN
Role Fighter
National origin France
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 27 October 1918

The Morane-Saulnier AN was a French fighter prototype of the 1910s that resulted in the development of many other Morane-Saulnier prototypes.


Completed in late 1918, the AN was a two-seat fighter designed to use an unorthodox Bugatti U-16 engine. Large and equi-span, it was a two-bay biplane with a monocoque fuselage.

Operational history[edit]

First tested in late 1918, the AN displayed bad handling and poor general performance. As such many variants were developed, elaborated below.


  • Morane-Saulnier ANL - First flown in 1919, the ANL had a 400 hp Liberty L-12 engine. It was renamed the MoS.32.
  • Morane-Saulnier ANR -Also flown in 1919, the ANR had a 450 hp Renault 12Kb engine as well as a rear-mounted Vickers gun. Renamed the MoS.33.
  • Morane-Saulnier ANS -Again making its début in 1919, the ANS was the final incarnation of the AN series. Equipped with a 530 hp Salmson 18Z 18-cylinder radial. Showed promise at testing, however no further production took place.

Specifications (AN)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 8.34 m (27 ft 5 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.73 m (38 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.77 m (9 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 41.00 m2 (441.33 ft2)
  • Gross weight: 1770 kg (3902 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Bugatti U-16 16-cylinder water-cooled, 336 kW (450 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 225 km/h (140 mph)



  • Green, William; Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters. Godalming, UK: Salamander Books. p. 415.