Mousa Mohammed Abu Marzook
|Mousa Mohammed Abu Marzook
موسى محمد أبو مرزوق
|Deputy Chairman of the Hamas Political Bureau|
1997 – present
9 January 1951 |
Rafah, Gaza Strip
Islamic Association of Palestine
|Residence||New Cairo, Egypt|
|Alma mater||Ain Shams University
Colorado State University
Louisiana Tech University
Early life and education
Marzook's parents were from Yibna, Mandatory Palestine (now Yavne, Israel). They became refugees after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War and were forced to move to the Rafah camp in the Gaza Strip. Marzook was born there on 9 January 1951. He completed high school in Gaza, studied engineering in Cairo until 1976, and then looked for work in the Persian Gulf. He continued his studies in the U.S. obtaining a master’s degree in construction management from Colorado State University and a doctorate in industrial engineering from Louisiana Tech. At Louisiana Tech, Marzook conducted research on the use of bar codes, but one of his professors told the Washington Post that "he was not a bright student" and the school noted that he received a number of incomplete grades.
Marzook has been active in the Islamic political work since 1968, Marzook played a significant role in reorganizing Hamas after the mass arrest of its members in 1989. Israeli journalist Shlomi Eldar credits Abu Marzook's fundraising prowess, and his connections to Muslim donors in the US and Europe with saving the organization and developing its infrastructure in Gaza, including social service programs. Israel claims that some funds were used for attacks against Israel, a charge that Abu Marzouk denies. Abu Marzook was elected to be the first Hamas political bureau chief in 1992, and since 1997 has been deputy chairman of the Hamas Political Bureau. Marzook founded the Islamic Association of Palestine.
In the mid-1990s Marzook was arrested in JFK airport with no formal charges placed against him. Two months after his detainment, Israel filed a request for the USA to extradite him. With the legal council of a Jewish lawyer by the name of Stanley L. Cohen, he spent the following 2 years fighting his case in the court system, but the final decision was for his extradition, after which Israel dropped its extradition request. With no formal charges against him the United States released him, but not wanting him to remain, the U.S. contacted numerous Arab countries to allow Marzook residency. All refused, except Jordan, which reportedly agreed under U.S. pressure. Cohen continues to legally represent Marzook.
Marzook was listed as a Specially Designated Terrorist by the U.S. Treasury Department in 1995, and is currently on the renamed Treasury department Specially Designated National list under such alternative spellings of his name as Dr. Musa Abu-Marzuq, Sa'id Abu-Marzuq, Mousa Mohamed Abou Marzook, Musa Abu Marzouk, and Musa Abu Marzuk, and under the alias "Abu-'Umar."
In 2002, a federal grand jury in Dallas returned an indictment against Marzook for conspiring to violate U.S. laws that prohibit dealings in terrorist funds. The indictment alleged that Marzook had conspired with the Richardson, Texas-based InfoCom Corporation and five of its employees to hide his financial transactions with the computer company. He allegedly invested $250,000 in InfoCom, with Infocom to make payments to Marzook based on the company's net profits or losses. In 2004, a U.S. court indicted him in absentia for coordinating and financing Hamas activities.
Interview with The Forward
In April 2012, Marzook gave what was billed as his "first-ever interview with a Jewish publication". The Forward requested the interview which took place over two days at Marzook’s home in New Cairo, Egypt. The Forward published responses to the interview from eight "prominent observers of the Middle East peace process", Laura Kam of The Israel Project, Israeli security analyst Yossi Alpher, Lara Friedman of Americans for Peace Now, Princeton University Professor Daoud Kuttab, Abraham Foxman of the Anti-Defamation League, Arab-American activist Hussein Ibish, David Keyes of Advancing Human Rights and political scientist Nathan Brown.
Operation Pillar of Defense
Following the eight-day cross-border battle between Israel and Hamas in November, 2012, Moussa Abu Marzouk said that Hamas would not stop making weapons in Gaza or smuggling them to the territory. According to the Associated Press, Moussa Abu Marzouk is the No 2 leader in Hamas.
- "How Historic Interview Was Arranged". The Forward. 19 April 2012.
- "Senior Hamas leader: Israel exists". Ynet. 20 February 2006.
- Larry Cohler-Esses (19 April 2012). "Hamas Wouldn’t Honor a Treaty, Top Leader Says". The Forward.
- Hall, Charles; O'Harrow Jr., Robert (8 August 1995). "Virginia Man Suspected of Terrorism Known for Anonymity". The Washington Post. p. B01.
- Profile on Islam Online website
- United States Senate official website
- Baghdadi, George (10 December 2001). "Hamas is Still Defiant". Time (Damascus). Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- "Hamas’ Political Chief Has Jewish Lawyer." Algemeiner. 20 April 2012. 29 April 2012.
- [SPECIALLY DESIGNATED NATIONALS AND BLOCKED PERSONS http://www.treasury.gov/ofac/downloads/t11sdn.pdf OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, 4 April 2011]
- U.S. Department of Justice info. on InfoCom Corporation
- U.S. indictment in absentia for Hamas activities
- "Reading Hamas". The Forward. 29 April 2012.
- "Reading Hamas II". The Forward. 30 April 2012.
- "AP Interview: Hamas No. 2 rejects Gaza arms halt". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. 24 November 2012.
- "Interview with Mousa Abu Marzook". Middle East Policy 5 (2): 113–128. May 1997. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4967.1997.tb00268.x.
- Matthew Levitt (2007). Hamas: Politics, Charity, and Terrorism in the Service of Jihad. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300122589.
- "Al-Jazeera interview with Mousa Abu Marzouq during Operation Cast Lead"
- Exclusive interview with Mousa Abu Marzook at www.islamonline.net
- Abu Marzook, Mousa "Hamas is ready to talk", The Guardian. Retrieved on 16-8-2007.
- Abu Marzook, Mousa "Hamas' stand", L.A. Times. Retrieved on 28-8-2008.
- Abu Marzook, Mousa "What Hamas Is Seeking", The Washington Post. Retrieved on 28-08-2008.
- Your Questions to Hamas: Live Chat with Mousa Abu Marzook @ IslamOnline.net