Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg

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Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg
Le Palais des Rohans.jpg
Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg is located in Strasbourg
Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg
Location within Strasbourg
Coordinates 48°34′52″N 7°45′08″E / 48.581111°N 7.752222°E / 48.581111; 7.752222
Website www.musees-strasbourg.org
"Vanity", by Hans Memling (detail from a polyptych)
"Portrait of a young lady", by Raphael
"Mater dolorosa", by El Greco
"Portrait of a bearded man" by Tintoretto
"Portrait of Luigia Cattaneo-Gentile" by Anthony van Dyck
"The Beautiful Strasbourg Woman" by Nicolas de Largillière

The Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg (Museum of Fine Arts of Strasbourg) is the old masters paintings collection of the city of Strasbourg, located in the Alsace region of France. The museum is housed in the first and second floors of the baroque Palais Rohan since 1898. The museum displays works by non-Upper Rhenish artists from between the 14th century and 1871 and by Upper Rhenish artist from between 1681 and 1871.[1] The museum owns circa 865 works (as of 2009), of which 250 are on permanent display. The old masters from the upper-Rhenish area until 1681 are exhibited in the neighboring Musée de l’Œuvre Notre-Dame.

Historical overview[edit]

The first municipal art collection of the city of Strasbourg was the result of the French Revolution, and was a consequence of the expropriation of churches and cloisters. Through the years, the collection, which was founded in 1801, grew by private donations, as well as government loans from the inventory of the Louvre. On August 24, 1870, the museum, which was housed in the Aubette on Place Kléber, was set on fire by Prussian artillery fire and completely destroyed. After the end of the Franco-Prussian War, it was resolved to re-establish the museum, and the imperial art historian Wilhelm von Bode was commissioned with the task in 1889. In 1890, the museum was launched and was re-stocked since that time by acquisitions and gifts. In 1931 under the leadership of Hans Haug (1890–1965), the collection of medieval art and upper-Rhenish painting (Konrad Witz, Hans Baldung, Sebastian Stoskopff) was transferred to the newly founded Musée de l’Œuvre Notre-Dame. The collection of modern art went to the Musée d’Art Moderne et Contemporain de Strasbourg (Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Strasbourg).

On August 13, 1947, fire destroyed part of the re-established collection, including works of Francesco Guardi, Thomas de Keyser,[2] Antonio del Pollaiolo and Lucas Cranach the Elder. However with the money from the insurance, it was possible to acquire other artistically valuable paintings. The collection of the museum is also regularly being expanded by donations, notably in 1987 and 1994 by collectors Othon Kaufman and François Schlageter (Italian paintings), in 2004 by collectors Roger and Elisabeth Eisenbeth (Dutch paintings)[3] and in 2009 by the collector Ann L. Oppenheimer (Italian, Flemish and Dutch paintings).[4]

Painters exhibited (selected)[edit]

Italian[edit]

Giotto di Bondone
Sano di Pietro
Sandro Botticelli
Cima da Conegliano
Carlo Crivelli
Filippino Lippi
Piero di Cosimo
Cima da Conegliano
Raphael
Correggio
Veronese
Tintoretto
Guercino
Canaletto
Giambattista Tiepolo
Salvator Rosa
Alessandro Magnasco
Giuseppe Maria Crespi

Flemish and Dutch[edit]

Simon Marmion
Hans Memling
Lucas van Leyden
Gerard David
Maarten van Heemskerck
Peter Paul Rubens
Jacob Jordaens
Salomon van Ruysdael
Pieter de Hooch
Anthony van Dyck
Willem Kalf
Pieter Claesz
Christiaen van Couwenbergh
Cornelis Engelsz

Spanish[edit]

El Greco
Jusepe de Ribera
Francisco de Zurbarán
Francisco de Goya

French[edit]

Philippe de Champaigne
Claude Lorrain
Nicolas de Largillière
François Boucher
Simon Vouet
Antoine Watteau
Jean Siméon Chardin
Philip James de Loutherbourg
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
Théodore Chassériau
Gustave Courbet
Théodore Rousseau
Edgar Degas

Bibliography[edit]

  • Le musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg - Cinq siècles de peinture, Éditions des Musées de Strasbourg, May 2006, ISBN 2-901833-78-0 in French
  • Peintures flamandes et hollandaises du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg, Éditions des Musées de Strasbourg, February 2009, ISBN 978-2-35125-030-3
  • Les Peintures italiennes du Musée des Beaux-Arts, xvie, xviie et xviiie siècles, Éditions Le Seuil, 1996, ISBN 978-2-901833-30-7
  • Les Primitifs italiens du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg, Éditions Le Seuil, 1993, ISBN 978-2-901833-14-7

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1871 is the year of the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine to the German Empire
  2. ^ "Flemish and Dutch paintings at the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Strasbourg", The Art Tribune, 20 April 2009
  3. ^ "Agrandissement du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg" La Tribune de l'Art, 21 February 2007 (French)
  4. ^ "Plusieurs tableaux légués au Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg", La Tribune de l'Art, 15 April 2009 (French)

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.