Music Box (TV channel)
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Music Box Ltd. was a television production company that developed from a pioneering pan-European 24-hour cable and satellite channel that ran from March 1984 to 30 January 1987, originally one of three channels along with PREM1ERE and The Children's Channel, that formed Thorn EMI's venture into satellite television. ""Music Box"" later found itself as part of Virgin Vision, one of Richard Branson's business ventures launched in 1983.
As a 24-hour TV channel in the 80s, Music Box was able to reach 60 million potential viewers in Europe and the Middle East thanks to satellite distribution. At the time, a satellite reception system was very expensive and for this reason the channel was very big in countries where cable TV was largely used, such as the United Kingdom, Ireland, The Netherlands, Belgium, Germany and Scandinavian countries. Music Box was also partially retransmitted on several terrestrial local channels in Italy and a special Italian version of Music Box was created in spring of 1988. A couple of Music Box shows were also retransmitted by Japanese broadcaster NHK. In 1986, Yorkshire Television from ITV decided to go 24 hours a day, but little cash was invested in that service, and so, most of the downtime was filled with a rebroadcast of Music Box. It was the first time that an ITV company (allegedly) broadcast 24 hours. Music Box was originally based in the heart of London, in a building where Virgin Vision and Super Channel were also based, and later gave home to the London offices of CNN International and Cartoon Network and now Warehouse (Clothing retailer). The address during the satellite years was 19-21 Rathbone Place (London) and the public address for Music Box was P.O. Box 4DX, London W1A 4DX, England.
On 30 January 1987 Super Channel was launched on the same satellite frequency previously used by Music Box on pan-European satellite Eutelsat 1-F1 located at 13° east, replaced during 1987 by Eutelsat 1-F4. For this reason Music Box stopped being a 24-hour TV channel, and Virgin set up Music Box as an independent producer of music programmes, continuing to broadcast its shows until the end of September 1987 for 10 hours a day on Super Channel. From October 1987 until January 1990 it was reduced from 10 hours a day to just a couple of hours a day of music programmes to be produced for Super Channel, with a two-month long break in late 1988 due to problems related with Super Channel, which was going to be sold. Music Box ended its satellite experience in January 1990 with the last pan-European showing of The Power Hour.
The creator of the three Satellite channels, as Director of Programmes, was Julian Mounter, who joined Music Box from Thames Television. Recognising that income for satellite television would not flow in any quantity for several years, Mounter set about negotiating revolutionary union deals to enable the use of smaller studio and location crews. He commandeered a boardroom at the HQ of Thorn EMI as one of the studios and a small basement on Shaftesbury Avenue, and it was there that many of the programmes were made before better facilities were found. The channels broke new ground in graphics, promotion and presentation, and set standards and practices still followed today. Mounter left in 1986 to become Director General of Television New Zealand, and the three channels then took on individual senior management.
Music Box as a satellite channel was sometimes said to have made a very small contribution to the demand for the demise of Communism in Eastern Europe as, in its prime, it was 'illegally' watched by young Eastern Europeans using home made satellite dishes, sometimes made out of dustbin lids. It gave many young people their first view of life in the West.
Directors on the channel included Rob Jones, who took over from Mounter as Director of Programmes, Geoffrey Davies, Rod Fairweather, John Leach, Les Harris, Ludo Graham, Simon Sanders and Siubhan Richmond.
After leaving satellite television, Music Box became a specialized producer of music shows for major British broadcasters and is now owned by Tinopolis, which also owns the firm Sunset+Vine, previously the owner of Music Box. The company's best known programme of this period was the late night ITV production Forever which features pop videos and interview clips from stock footage.
Programmes (productions from Music Box as a pan-European satellite channel - 1984-1990) 
- Transmission (indie music, 1989 - with Simon Potter and later with Pat Sharp)
- The Power Hour (hard rock, metal - with Dante Bonutto, and occasionally, Amanda Redington, 1986–87, later with Alison Craig, Jacky Lynn and Nikki Groocock)
- It's Simon Potter (music mix and music news presented by Simon Potter, 1988)
- Sunday Cinema (all about the latest movies, 1986 - with Sunie Fletcher)
- Sunday Smooch (music ballads and romance, with Gloria or Amanda Redington, 1986–1987, later renamed to "The Smooch" with Amanda Redington, 1988)
- Eurochart (the official Music&Media magazine's European Top 100 singles chart from Amsterdam with Dutch presenter Erik de Zwart, 1986–87)
- Countdown (charts from Europe and live performances from Amsterdam with Dutch presenters Erik de Zwart and Adam Curry, 1987)
- Off The Wall (fashion and trends from London, with Steve Blacknell in 1986, Simon Potter and Sunie Fletcher in 1987-1988)
- The Gaz Bag (with Gaz Top)
- The Shadow
- Music Box Live (live from the Music Box studios in London, new videos, competitions and regular features originally with Simon Potter and later with Nino Firetto, 1987 - also produced as "Pepsi Live")
- Chart Attack (the UK Top 40 singles chart, usually with Simon Potter, 1986–1988, occasionally with Mark Webster in 1987; with Tony Gregory in 1989)
- Boogie Box (dance videos with Martin Buchanan, 1987, with Michaela Strachan or Steve Walsh, 1988)
- Rockin' At The Speed Of Light (a chat with an artist on a fake beach in the Music Box studio and music videos - with Sunie Fletcher, and sometimes with Tony Dortie, 1987)
- The Face (music videos with Alison Craig, 1987)
- The Buzz (press review, news and music videos with Tony Dortie, 1987)
- Mug with Marty (music videos with Martin Buchanan, 1986)
- Private Eyes (music interviews by Sunie Fletcher, 1986)
- Music Box Special (interviews and special events, 1987)
- The Amanda Redington Show (music videos with Amanda Redington, 1987, later renamed to Supersonic)
- Supersonic (music videos with Amanda Redington and also Barbie Wilde, 1987–1988)
- American Storm (the latest videos from the USA, with Simon Potter, 1986)
- Backtracks (classic videos, 1985–1986)
- Videopix (video request show, 1984-1987 With 'The Big Boys'- Martin Buchanan & Simon Potter: 1987-1988 - Nino Firetto)
- Non-stop Dance Hour (dance videos with Gloria, 1986)
- Global Chart Show (weekly show featuring singles and albums chart from the whole world, 1989)
- Tracking (music videos and press reviews, 1987–88, usually with Tony Dortie, occasionally with Nicky Campbell)
- The Rock Of Europe (interviews - 1988)
- Rockin' In The UK (indie music - 1988) (with Simon Potter and a little help from Rachel Davies)
- Totally Live (formerly known as Music Box Live (or Pepsi Live) with Nino Firetto, late 1987, and 1988, occasionally with Nicky Campbell or Simon Potter or Anthea Turner or Timmy Mallett)
- Nino Firetto (guests, features such as "Papa Luigi", music videos and news, live from the Music Box "living room" - 1988)
- Music Box News (the latest music news with Sunie Fletcher, Alison Craig or Andy Bird - a feature of "Music Box Live", "Pepsi Live" and later "Totally Live"). Paul McKenna made is television debut as the presenter of Music Box News.
- Formula One (charts from Europe and performances from the German show "Formel Eins", with John Leslie who made his television debut, late 1987, and 1988)
- European Top 40 (the European singles chart with Amanda Redington, 1988–89)
- Coca-Cola Rockfile (big events around Europe, monthly show with Simon Potter and Amanda Redington, 1988)
- Supertime Club (mix of cartoons and music videos, for younger viewers with Catherine Kirkwood and Mark Chase, 1988)
- Rox Box (interviews and specials, early 1987, co-produced with Belgian broadcaster RTBF and hosted by one of its presenters, Ray Cokes, who went later to MTV Europe, and by Lucienne also from RTBF)
Programmes (productions for other British broadcasters, since 1990) 
- Raw Power (hard rock and metal show, previously known as The Power Hour from the satellite years, it was presented by Phil Alexander, 'Krusher' Joule, his dog Bullseye, and Ann Kirk - 1990-1997)
- Noisy Mothers (new name for "Raw Power")
- Club Nation
- Sussed! (produced for Nickelodeon)
- Buzz (produced for Channel 4)
- Transmission (indie music videos, continuing on ITV after the satellite era of Music Box)
- Soundtrax (10 minute music shows for ITV)
- Music With Attitude
- Popped In Crashed Out
- The Kerrang! Awards
The following presenters have all been employed by Music Box either as presenters or VJs:
Some presenters also recorded a track and video for a song called "Back To The Rhythm" under the name of "The Rap Pack", in December 1986. The Rap Pack were: Nino Firetto, Amanda Redington, Gloria, Timmy Mallett, Steve Blacknell, Simon Potter and Martin Buchanan.
Last music video as a channel on its own