|Alma mater||Ohr Somayach, Jerusalem
Brisk yeshiva, Old City, Jerusalem
|Known for||African prince who became a Black Haredi Jewish rabbi|
|Spouse(s)||Shayna Golda Gordon|
Natan Gamedze (born 1963, Swaziland) is a Haredi rabbi and lecturer. Born to the royal lineage of the Gamedze clan of the Kingdom of Swaziland, he converted to Judaism, received rabbinic ordination, and now lectures to Jewish audiences all over the world with his personal story as to how an African prince became a Black Haredi Jewish rabbi.
Gamedze's grandfather was the king of Swaziland. But the British, who had colonized southern Africa and created the states of Swaziland, Basutoland, and Bechuanaland, drew their own borders which lumped diverse ethnic groups into the same state. The British also chose a rival royal family to rule Swaziland, compensating the Gamzede clan with ministerial positions. Gamzede's father lost the title of "king" but became known as "paramount chief", and was also named minister of education and ambassador to the EEC countries.
Scholarly history of Swaziland shows that the independent chiefdom or small kingdom ruled by members of the Gamedze clan was initially conquered and incorporated into the growing Ngwane kingdom ruled by members of the Dlamini clan sometime in the late 18th or early 19th century, long before British colonization. The Gamedze clan is classified among the Emakhandzambile category of clans ("those found ahead") according to Swazi royalist tradition, meaning that they were on the land prior to Dlamini immigration and conquest, as opposed to the Bomdzabuko ("true Swazi") who accompanied the Dlamini kings, and the Emafikemuva ("those who came behind") who joined the kingdom later. Emakhandzambile clans initially were incorporated with wide autonomy, and often in part by granting them special ritual and political status, but the extent of their autonomy was drastically curtailed by King Mswati II, including the Gamedze, whom Mswati attacked and subdued in the 1850s.
Early life and education
Gamedze was one of eight children born to his parents in Swaziland. He grew up in Swaziland until the age of eight and was educated in private schools there and in London. He went on to earn his Honours at Oxford University, earning his undergraduate and post-graduate degrees in Modern Languages and Translations, majoring in German, Italian, and French. He received his masters degree at University of the Witwatersrand in 1987. By 1988 he was an official translator of the German language for the Supreme Court of South Africa. He is fluent in 14 languages, half of them European and the other half African.
In an Italian literature class at Wits, he noticed someone writing backwards in his notebook and found out that the language was Hebrew. Later he decided to take a Hebrew language course at that university, which sparked his interest in Jewish texts. Upon the invitation of Moshe Sharon, a professor at Hebrew University of Jerusalem, he came to Israel to study for a doctorate in Hebrew language. While in Israel, he took philosophy classes at Ohr Somayach Yeshiva in Jerusalem, and converted to Judaism in 1991. He continued to learn at Ohr Somayach for another four years. From 1995 to 2000 he took advanced Talmudic classes at the Brisk yeshiva in Jerusalem's Old City, where he received his rabbinic ordination.
Toward the end of his time at Brisk, Gamzede was introduced to his wife, Shayna Golda Gordon, a white baalat teshuva (returnee to Orthodox Judaism) from New York who had studied at Neve Yerushalayim. They lived in Beitar Illit for the first two years of their marriage, where Gamzede learned in a kollel. For the next five years they resided in Safed, where Rabbi Gamzede taught at Yeshivat Shalom Rav and the Shaarei Bina seminary. Then Gamzede began lecturing for an international kiruv organization. The couple now lives in Jerusalem with their two children.
- Kotkes, Leah. "A Fairy Tale Prince and Princess". Binah, 1 April 2007, pp. 16–23.
- Bonner, Philip (1983). Kings, Commoners and Concessionaires: The Evolution and Dissolution of the Nineteenth-Century Swazi State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-24270-3. See especially pp. 60, 85–88.
- Metzinger, Miriam. "Natan Gamzede – Swaziland to Tzfat". livingjewish.net. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Rutman, Rabbi Yisrael (17 May 2003). "The Royal Jew From Swaziland". Aish.com. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Roberts, Lee (17 November 2006). "Natan Gamedze, born to royalty in Swaziland, found his true home in Judaism". Racine Journal Times. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Schneider, Moira (9 December 2004). "From Swazi Student To Rabbi: The journey of one African man". The Canadian Jewish Tribune. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- Halberstam, Yitta (Summer 2006). "The Prince of Light: The story of the African prince who left royalty and fortune to pursue a Torah lifestyle". Jewish Action. Orthodox Union. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
- "Compass: The Black Jew of Swaziland". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 8 June 2008. Retrieved 10 September 2011.