From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Territory of Basutoland
British colony


Flag (unofficial)

God Save the Queen
Capital Maseru
Languages English (official), Sesotho
Religion Christianity, traditional African religion
Government Crown Colony
 -  1884–1894 Marshal James Clarke
 -  1961–1965 Alexander Falconer Giles
 -  Established 1884
 -  Disestablished 4 October 1966
 -  1875 30,355 km² (11,720 sq mi)
 -  1875 est. 128,206 
     Density 4.2 /km²  (10.9 /sq mi)
 -  1904[1] est. 348,848 
     Density 11.5 /km²  (29.8 /sq mi)
Currency Pound sterling

Basutoland or officially the Territory of Basutoland, was a British Crown colony established in 1884 after the Cape Colony's inability to control the territory. It was divided into seven administrative districts; Berea, Leribe, Maseru, Mohales Hoek, Mafeteng, Qacha's Nek and Quthing.

Basutoland was renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho upon independence from the United Kingdom on 4 October 1966.


Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Considering the extensive area of uninhabitable mountain land it contained, the Territory supported a large population. The inhabitants increased from 128,206 in 1875, to 348,848 in 1904. Women outnumbered men by about 20,000, which was, however, about the number of adult men away from the country at any given period. The majority lived in the district between the Maluti mountains and the Caledon river. The great bulk of the people were Basuto, but there were some thousands of Barolong. The white inhabitants in 1904 numbered 895. The seat of government was Maseru, on the left bank of the Caledon, with a population of about 1000 including some 100 Europeans. There were numerous mission stations throughout Basutoland, to several of which Biblical names have been given, such as Shiloh, Hermon, Cana, Bethesda, and Berea.


List of British Resident Commissioners[edit]


  1. ^ "Census of the British empire. 1901". 1906. p. 160. Retrieved 26 December 2013. 

External links[edit]