Nathaniel Clements (1705 – May 1777) was an Irish politician and financial figure, important in the political and financial administration of Ireland in the mid-18th century.
Clements was the fifth son of Robert Clements (1664–1722). He married Hannah Gore, daughter of William Gore, D.D., Dean of Down, on 31 January 1730.
Clements became Member of Parliament (MP) for Duleek in 1727 under the patronage of Luke Gardiner, a powerful political and business figure in Dublin. He commenced as a junior at the Irish Treasury in 1720 and held extensive offices there. He became the main financial manager of the British and Irish Government in Ireland during the period, and was de facto Minister for Finance from 1740 to 1777. He assumed the offices of Deputy Vice-Treasurer and Deputy Paymaster General on Gardiner's retirement in 1755. In 1761, Clements was returned for Cavan Borough in, holding this seat until 1768. In this year, he was elected for Roscommon Borough as well as Leitrim, and chose to sit for the latter. In 1776, Clements stood for again for Cavan Borough as well as Carrick and represented the latter constituency until his death in 1777.
Clements was appointed to the office of Chief Ranger of the Phoenix Park and Master of Game and built the Ranger's lodge (now Aras an Uachtarain to his own design in 1751. He had an extensive property portfolio, including Abbotstown, County Dublin, estates in County Leitrim and County Cavan. He was a developer of property in Georgian Dublin, including part of Henrietta Street where he lived at No. 7 from 1734 to 1757. He was one of the richest commoners in Ireland, notwithstanding his involvement in a failed banking venture in 1759.
Nathaniel Clements and Hannah Gore had six children:
- Robert Clements (1732–1804), created Earl of Leitrim in 1795, elected a representative peer in 1800
- Rt. Hon. Henry Theophilus Clements, MP
- Elizabeth, m. 1750, Francis Burton, second Baron Conyngham
- Hannah, m. 1752, George Montgomery, Ballyconnell, MP
- Catherine, m. Eyre Massey, 1st Baron Clarina
- Alice, m. 1773, Gen. Sir Ralph Gore, sixth Baronet, created Earl of Ross.
- Malcolmson, Anthony (2005). Nathaniel Clements: government and the governing elite in Ireland, 1725-75. Dublin: Four Courts Press. ISBN 1-85182-913-X. Review.
- "Outline History of Áras an Uachtaráin". Áras an Uachtaráin. Retrieved 2013-01-07.