National Basketball Players Association
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The National Basketball Players Association (the NBPA) is a labor union that represents basketball players in the National Basketball Association (NBA). It was founded in 1954, making it the oldest trade union of the four major North American professional sports leagues. However, the NBPA did not get recognition by the NBA team owners until ten years later. Its offices are located in the historic Park and Tilford Building at 310 Lenox Ave., New York City. It was briefly a trade association after dissolving as a union during the 2011 NBA lockout.
In 1983, players and owners reach a historic agreement, that introduced the "salary cap" era into professional sports. This was believed[by whom?] to be the first salary cap in any major professional sports league in the United States.
1995 NBA labor dispute
The NBA experienced its first work stoppage, when owners imposed a lockout, that lasted from July 1 through September 12, when players and owners reached an agreement. Because the lockout took place during the off-season, no games were lost.
The second NBA lockout, which ran into the 1998–99 season, lasted almost 200 days, and wiped out 464 regular-season games. After players and owners reached an agreement, the season did not start until February 5, 1999, with each of the 29 NBA teams playing a 50-game schedule.
The current collective bargaining agreement was reached in July 2005, and expired at 12:01 EST on July 1, 2011, following completion of the 2010–11 NBA season, resulting in a lockout, similar to the 2011 NFL lockout. ESPN has reported that the owners and players failed to reach an agreement and broke off negotiations, and that the owners began a lockout immediately after the collective bargaining agreement expired.
On November 14, the NBPA was converted from a union into a trade association, enabling the players as individual employees to be represented by lawyers in a class action antitrust lawsuit against the league, calling the lockout an illegal group boycott. The NBPA re-formed as a union on December 1, receiving support from over 300 players, exceeding the requirement for at least 260.
- Larry Fleisher: 1970–1988
- Charles Grantham: 1988–1995
- Simon Gourdine: 1995–1996
- Alex English: 1996 (Interim)
- Billy Hunter: 1996 – 2013
- Bob Cousy: 1954–1958
- Tom Heinsohn: 1958–1965
- Oscar Robertson: 1965–1974
- Paul Silas: 1974–1980
- Bob Lanier: 1980–1985
- Junior Bridgeman: 1985 – February 1988
- Alex English: February 1988 – October 5, 1988
- Isiah Thomas: October 5, 1988 – February 13, 1994
- Buck Williams: February 13, 1994 – September 15, 1997
- Patrick Ewing: September 15, 1997 – July 10, 2001
- Michael Curry: July 10, 2001 – June 28, 2005
- Antonio Davis: June 28, 2005 – November 19, 2006
- Derek Fisher: November 19, 2006 – August 21, 2013
- Chris Paul: August 21, 2013–present
- Cindy Hamilton (July 2008). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Park and Tilford Building". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
- Bradley, Robert. "Labor Pains Nothing New to the NBA". Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- Sheridan, Chris (June 30, 2011). "NBA says it will lock out players". ESPN. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- Newcomb, Tim (November 15, 2011). "NBA Players Look to Disband Union: Will There Be a Season At All?". TIME. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011.
- Beck, Howard (November 15, 2011). "N.B.A. Season in Peril as Players Reject Offer". The New York Times. p. A1. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011.
- Hunter, G. William; Fisher, Derek; The NBPA Executive Committee. "NBPA disclaimer". ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on November 15, 2011.
- "NBA players authorize return of union". ESPN Internet Ventures. Associated Press. December 1, 2011. Archived from the original on December 1, 2011.