National Guard of Georgia
|საქართველოს ეროვნული გვარდია
sak’art’velos erovnuli gvardia
National Guard of Georgia
Georgian National Guard flag and insignia
|Active||December 20, 1990 - present|
|Role||Responding to external threats, civil disturbances, and natural disasters; providing military assistance to civilian authorities in emergencies; mobilization of reserves|
|Engagements||Georgian Civil War, Georgian-Ossetian conflict, Georgian-Abkhaz conflict, Russian-Georgian war|
The National Guard of Georgia (NG) (Georgian: საქართველოს ეროვნული გვარდია, sak'art'velos erovnuli gvardia) is a military structure within the Georgian Armed Forces and has a department status within the Ministry of Defense. It is tasked with responding to external threats, civil disturbances, and natural disasters. The GNG is also responsible for the mobilization of reservists.
The GNG was established on December 20, 1990 after President Zviad Gamsakhurdia ordered the creation of Georgian Armed Forces and held the first military parade on Boris Paichadze Stadium. Tengiz Kitovani was appointed as the head of GNG.
GNG was mainly manned by volunteers and more experienced Georgian officers who were serving in Soviet Army at the time and returned to Georgia to serve in newly created Georgian Army. Thus, it became the first national military formation in then-Soviet Georgia which would later provide the basis for the regular armed forces.
Almost from its birth, the National Guard became directly involved in Georgian politics. In August 1991, soon after its foundation, GNG was split between supporters of Gamsakhurdia and Kitovani. Split happened after Kitovani announced that the president was about to dissolve Georgian Army. Kitovani and his supporters left the barracks and stationed near Tbilisi. They joined Prime Minister Tengiz Sigua and the paramilitary leader Jaba Ioseliani during Georgian Civil War which begun in December 1991. Remaining parts of the GNG retained their loyalty towards Gamsakhurdia.
According to US EUCOM recommendations new role and functions were determined to the National Guard and structural changes were done. Since the 2000s GNG doesn’t include military units any more and is rather focused on reserve system and support of the civil government during crisis.
The main missions of National Guard are:
- Support civil government in crisis situations (natural, technological, ecological);
- Register mobilization recourses, study and deliver;
- Convene, select and man of citizens on the basis of the agreement, for the units, subunits and bases of the Armed Forces;
- Provide ceremony activities.
- National Military Strategy of Georgia, The Defense Ministry of Georgia. Retrieved on January 27, 2007.
- Georgian National Guard, The Global Security website. Retrieved on January 27, 2007.
- History of The National Guard, Georgian National Guard.
- Georgian National Guard, The Defense Ministry of Georgia. Retrieved on January 27, 2007.
- Leadership, Georgian National Guard.