Georgian Air Force

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Georgian Air Force
საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები
sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi
Georgian Air Force flag.svg
Georgian Air Force flag
Active 19912010
Country  Georgia
Size 2.971 personnel, 295 aircraft
Garrison/HQ Alekseevka,[disambiguation needed] Tbilisi
Engagements Georgian Civil War, 2008 South Ossetia war
Insignia
Roundel Roundel of the Georgian Air Force.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack Su-25, Mi-24
Trainer Yak-52, L-39
Transport Mi-8, UH-1

The Georgian Air Force (Georgian: საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები, sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi) was an air arm of the Georgian Armed Forces from its establishment in 1992 until 2010, when it was incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces. As of September 2009, the Georgian Air Force had 2,971 military and civilian personnel.[1]

History[edit]

The Georgian Air Force and Air Defense Division was established on January 1, 1992. On August 18, 1998, the two divisions were unified in a joint command structure and renamed the Georgian Air Force.[1]

The first combat flight was conducted by Izani Tsertsvadze and Valeri Nakopia on September 19, 1992, during the separatist war in Abkhazia. This date was later designated as the Georgian Air Force Day.[1] Relative to the Georgian ground forces, the air force was comparatively underfunded following Georgian independence. During the August 2008 war with Russia, Georgian aircraft were initially active, but were soon grounded by Russian air superiority. The Russians claimed at least 3 Su-25 and 2 L-29 destroyed.[2] The Georgian Ministry of Defense reported 5 air force personnel were killed in action.[3]

In 2010, the Georgian Air Force was reorganized. It was abolished as a separate branch and incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces as Air and Air Defense brigades.[4]

Reestablishment and Modernisation[edit]

In 2012 the Georgian military with approval from government decided to reestablish the air force as its own arm in the military of Georgia. It will undergo a massive transformation and modernisation process, getting rid of allmost its entire Soviet helicopter park to replace it with US and French aircraft. It was also announced by the ministry of defense that six Su-25 aircraft would be sold at an unknown date to add to the finances. As a result of the 2014 Wales summit Georgia was granted a NATO military assistance package which includes the support in acquisition of military equipment from alliance members and partners practically lifting the unofficial arms ban on Georgia. In addition US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced during his visit in Georgia right after the summit that the country would also be supplied with US UH-60 Black Hawks.[5]

Commissioned officers[edit]

Main article: Commissioned Officers
Georgian armed forces O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 0-11
Insignia GAF airforce junior lieutenant.jpg GAF airforce lieutenant.jpg GAF airforce senior lieutenant.jpg GAF airforce captain ( diamond form version ).jpg GAF airforce major.jpg GAF airforce lieutenant colonel.jpg GAF airforce colonel.jpg GAF airforce brigadier general.jpg GAF airforce major general.jpg GAF airforce lieutenant general.jpg GAF airforce general.jpg
Title Second Lieutenant Lieutenant First Lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Brigadier General Major General Lieutenant General General
Abbreviation 2LT LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN
NATO Code OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9

Mission and objectives[edit]

The objectives of the Georgian Air Force are defined as follows:

  • Warfare and mobilization readiness of the Air Forces sub-units
  • Protection of sovereignty and control of the air space of Georgia
  • The fight against air terrorism
  • Participate in the fight against terrorism on land and at sea
  • Air defence of state entities and troops
  • Destruction of land and naval targets at the enemy's front line and tactical inmost. Providing air support for friendly land and naval forces
  • Participation in collective and multinational exercises.

Functions of the Georgian Air Forces:

  • Troop and cargo transportation
  • Search and rescue of downed aircraft and pilots
  • MEDEVAC
  • Informing the leadership of the Air Force and the Army about enemy air assaults
  • Destruction of enemy manpower, land and naval targets
  • Air forces landing
  • Aerial reconnaissance

The two major airfields are located near Tbilisi at Alekseevka[disambiguation needed] and Marneuli.

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Aircraft Origin Role Number Note
Combat Aircraft
Su-25KM/UB Scorpion/'Frogfoot' USSR/Georgia Ground Attack Aircraft/Night Attack 12+[6][7] 12+ Night Attack “Scorpion” Upgrade, Under License of TAM reported as operational
35 su-25KM produced for Georgian Military
The SU-25KM uses a standard Su-25 airframe, enhanced with advanced avionics including a glass cockpit, digital map generator, helmet-mounted display, computerised weapons system, complete mission pre-plan capability, and fully redundant backup modes. Performance enhancements include a highly accurate navigation system, pinpoint weapon delivery systems, all-weather and day/night performance, NATO compatibility, state-of-the art safety and survivability features, and advanced onboard debriefing capabilities complying with international requirements. It has the ability to use Mark 82 and Mark 83 laser-guided bombs among other bombs and air-to-air missiles sush as the short-range Vympel R-73 and Rafael Python-5.when equiped with a radar pod it also has the ability to use medium-range Vympel R-77 and Rafael Derby [7][8][9][10][11]
Trainer Aircraft
L-39[12] Czechoslovakia Jet Trainer /Light Attack 16[13]
L-29[14] Czechoslovakia Jet Trainer 4
Yak-52[15] USSR Propeller-driven Trainer 10
Transport Aircraft
An-2[16] USSR/Poland Transport Aircraft 10
An-12[17] USSR Tactical Transport Aircraft 5+
An-24 USSR Tactical Transport Aircraft 2
An-28[18] USSR Tactical Transport Aircraft 2+
An-32 USSR Tactical Transport Aircraft 1
An-72[19] USSR Tactical Transport Aircraft 3+
Tu-134[20] USSR Tactical Transport Aircraft 5+
Bombardier CRJ Canada VIP Transport 2
UAV
Elbit Hermes 450 Israel Unmanned (combat)aerial vehicle N/A
Elbit Skylark Israel Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A Skylark I an Skylark II variants[21]
Unmanned Aerial System (Georgia) Georgia Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A produced by TAM
Attack Helicopters
Mil Mi-35M 'Hind' Ukraine Attack Helicopter 1
Mi-24V 'Hind-E'/Mi-24P 'Hind-F'[22] Ukraine Attack Helicopter 5 Mi-24P 'Hind'
Mi-24V 'Hind'
Utility Helicopters
Eurocopter Super Puma France Utility Helicopter 4
Mi-8T 'Hip-C' USSR Utility Helicopter 16 Former Soviet Union
Mi-14PS 'Haze-C' USSR Naval Helicopter 18[23] Former Soviet Union
Bell UH-1H Iroquois USA Utility Helicopter 4
Bell 212[24] USA Utility Helicopter 6[25][26]
Mil Mi-2 USSR Utility Helicopter 2 Former Soviet Union
Weapon Type
Air Defense Weapons
SA-18 Grouse MANPADS
SA-7 Grail MANPADS
Grom (missile) MANPADS
FIM-92 Stinger MANPADS
9K33 Amphibious SAM
SPYDER Medium Range SAM
Buk M1 Medium Range SAM
S-125 Strategic SAM
57 mm AZP S-60 Auto Cannon
ZSU-23-4 Self-propelled AA gun
Bombs and Missiles[27]
Mark 82 bomb Low-Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bomb
Mark 83 bomb Low-Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bomb
GBU-16 Laser-Guided bomb
Python 5 Short-range air-to-air missile
R-73 AA-11 Archer Short-range air-to-air missile
R-77 AA-12 Adder Medium-range air-to-air missile
Derby Medium-range air-to-air missile
Kh-29 air-to-surface TV guided Missile
AGM-114 Hellfire air-to-surface laser guided Missile

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Defence Today 27: 1. September 2009. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  2. ^ Georgian Air Force. The Global Security. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  3. ^ List of Casualties among the Georgian Military Servicemen. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
  4. ^ Structure of Land Forces. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
  5. ^ http://time.com/3298956/putin-chuck-hagel-georgia-russia-ukraine-nato/?xid=newsletter-brief
  6. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=ka
  7. ^ a b "Defence Statistics 2013" August 1, 2013
  8. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/
  9. ^ "Bulgaria sells ten Su-25s to Georgia"
  10. ^ Flight Global World Air Forces 2014 December 10, 2013
  11. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=39&Itemid=9&lang=ka
  12. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=ka
  13. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=en
  14. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=en
  15. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=en
  16. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=en
  17. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=ka
  18. ^ http://img.en25.com/Web/flightglobal/%7B88f2f053-6c3d-4ab4-a297-0b453358a560%7D_FC055_PREM_201312.pdf?elq=&elqCampaignId=
  19. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=ka
  20. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=ka
  21. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=en
  22. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/georgia_georgian_army_land_ground_forces_uk/georgia_georgian_army_land_ground_armed_forces_military_equipment_armoured_armored_vehicle_uk.html
  23. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/georgia_georgian_army_land_ground_forces_uk/georgia_georgian_army_land_ground_armed_forces_military_equipment_armoured_armored_vehicle_uk.html
  24. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=en
  25. ^ http://www.armyrecognition.com/georgia_georgian_army_land_ground_forces_uk/georgia_georgian_army_land_ground_armed_forces_military_equipment_armoured_armored_vehicle_uk.html
  26. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=8&lang=en
  27. ^ "Fighter SU-25KM (Scorpion)". Geo-army.ge. 2010-06-28. Retrieved 2013-04-22.