Georgian Air Force

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Georgian Air Force
საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები
sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi
Georgian Air Force flag.svg
Georgian Air Force flag
Active 19912010
Country  Georgia
Size 2.971 personnel, 295 aircraft
Garrison/HQ Alekseevka,[disambiguation needed] Tbilisi
Engagements Georgian Civil War, 2008 South Ossetia war
Insignia
Roundel Roundel of the Georgian Air Force.svg
Aircraft flown
Attack Su-25, Mi-24
Trainer Yak-52, L-39
Transport Mi-8, UH-1

The Georgian Air Force (Georgian: საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები, sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi) was an air arm of the Georgian Armed Forces from its establishment in 1992 until 2010, when it was incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces. As of September 2009, the Georgian Air Force had 2,971 military and civilian personnel.[1]

History[edit]

The Georgian Air Force and Air Defense Division was established on January 1, 1992. On August 18, 1998, the two divisions were unified in a joint command structure and renamed the Georgian Air Force.[1]

The first combat flight was conducted by Izani Tsertsvadze and Valeri Nakopia on September 19, 1992, during the separatist war in Abkhazia. This date was later designated as the Georgian Air Force Day.[1] Relative to the Georgian ground forces, the air force was comparatively underfunded following Georgian independence. During the August 2008 war with Russia, Georgian aircraft were initially active, but were soon grounded by Russian air superiority. The Russians claimed at least 3 Su-25 and 2 L-29 destroyed.[2] The Georgian Ministry of Defense reported 5 air force personnel were killed in action.[3]

In 2010, the Georgian Air Force was reorganized. It was abolished as a separate branch and incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces as Air and Air Defense brigades.[4]

Commissioned officers[edit]

Georgian armed forces O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 0-11
Insignia GAF airforce junior lieutenant.jpg GAF airforce lieutenant.jpg GAF airforce senior lieutenant.jpg GAF airforce captain ( diamond form version ).jpg GAF airforce major.jpg GAF airforce lieutenant colonel.jpg GAF airforce colonel.jpg GAF airforce brigadier general.jpg GAF airforce major general.jpg GAF airforce lieutenant general.jpg GAF airforce general.jpg
Title Second Lieutenant Lieutenant First Lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Brigadier General Major General Lieutenant General General
Abbreviation 2LT LT 1LT CPT MAJ LTC COL BG MG LTG GEN
NATO Code OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9

Mission and objectives[edit]

The objectives of the Georgian Air Force are defined as follows:

  • Warfare and mobilization readiness of the Air Forces sub-units
  • Protection of sovereignty and control of the air space of Georgia
  • The fight against air terrorism
  • Participate in the fight against terrorism on land and at sea
  • Air defence of state entities and troops
  • Destruction of land and naval targets at the enemy's front line and tactical inmost. Providing air support for friendly land and naval forces
  • Participation in collective and multinational exercises.

Functions of the Georgian Air Forces:

  • Troop and cargo transportation
  • Search and rescue of downed aircraft and pilots
  • MEDEVAC
  • Informing the leadership of the Air Force and the Army about enemy air assaults
  • Destruction of enemy manpower, land and naval targets
  • Air forces landing
  • Aerial reconnaissance

The two major airfields are located near Tbilisi at Alekseevka[disambiguation needed] and Marneuli.

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Aircraft Origin Role Number Note
Aircraft Inventory
Su-25KM/UB Scorpion/'Frogfoot' USSR/Georgia Ground Attack Aircraft/Night Attack 12+(35)[5] 12+ Night Attack “Scorpion” Upgrade, Under License of TAM reported as opperational,35 su-25KM produced for Georgian Military

TAM is now jointly producing Su-25KM Scorpion with Azerbaijan .[6][7][8][9]

L-39 Czechoslovakia Trainer Aircraft/light attack 9
Elbit Hermes 450 Israel Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A(estimated at 35-40)
Elbit Skylark Israel Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A
Unmanned Aerial System (Georgia) Georgia Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A produced by TAM
Mil Mi-35M 'Hind' Ukraine Attack Helicopter 1
Mi-24V 'Hind-E'/Mi-24P 'Hind-F' Ukraine Attack Helicopter 6+(40) 40 in total ,Being phased out in favor for western Helicopters, mi-24's will probably be sold or scrapped
Eurocopter Super Puma France Utility Helicopter 4
Mi-8T 'Hip-C' USSR Utility Helicopter 16 Former Soviet Union
Mi-14PS 'Haze-C' USSR Naval Helicopter 18 Former Soviet Union
Bell UH-1H Iroquois USA Utility Helicopter 40
Mil Mi-2 USSR Utility Helicopter 2 Former Soviet Union
Weapon Type
Air Defense Weapons
SA-18 Grouse MANPADS
SA-7 Grail MANPADS
Grom (missile) MANPADS
9K33 Amphibious SAM
SPYDER Medium Range SAM
Buk M1 Medium Range SAM
S-125 Strategic SAM
57 mm AZP S-60 Auto Cannon
ZSU-23-4 Self-propelled AA gun
Bombs and Missiles[10]
Mark 82 bomb Low-Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bomb
Mark 83 bomb Low-Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bomb
GBU-16 Laser-Guided bomb
Python 5 Short-range air-to-air missile
R-73 AA-11 Archer Short-range air-to-air missile
Kh-29 air-to-surface TV guided Missile

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Defence Today 27: 1. September 2009. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  2. ^ Georgian Air Force. The Global Security. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  3. ^ List of Casualties among the Georgian Military Servicemen. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
  4. ^ Structure of Land Forces. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
  5. ^ http://img.en25.com//
  6. ^ http://www.geo-army.ge/
  7. ^ "Bulgaria sells ten Su-25s to Georgia"
  8. ^ Flight Global World Air Forces 2014 December 10, 2013
  9. ^ "Defence Statistics 2013" August 1, 2013
  10. ^ "Fighter SU-25KM (Scorpion)". Geo-army.ge. 2010-06-28. Retrieved 2013-04-22.