Georgian Air Force
|Georgian Air Force
საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები
sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi
Georgian Air Force emblem
|Size||2.971 personnel, 295 aircraft|
|Garrison/HQ||Alekseevka,[disambiguation needed] Tbilisi|
|Engagements||Georgian Civil War, Russo-Georgian War|
The Georgian Air Force (Georgian: საქართველოს საჰაერო ძალები, sak’art’velos sahaero dzalebi) was an air arm of the Georgian Armed Forces from its establishment in 1992 until 2010, when it was incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces. As of September 2009, the Georgian Air Force had 2,971 military and civilian personnel.
The Georgian Air Force and Air Defense Division was established on January 1, 1992. On August 18, 1998, the two divisions were unified in a joint command structure and renamed the Georgian Air Force.
The first combat flight was conducted by Izani Tsertsvadze and Valeri Nakopia on September 19, 1992, during the separatist war in Abkhazia. This date was later designated as the Georgian Air Force Day. Relative to the Georgian ground forces, the air force was comparatively underfunded following Georgian independence. During the August 2008 war with Russia, Georgian aircraft were initially active, but were soon grounded by Russian air superiority. The Russians claimed at least 3 Su-25 and 2 L-29 destroyed. The Georgian Ministry of Defense reported 5 air force personnel were killed in action.
In 2010, the Georgian Air Force was reorganized. It was abolished as a separate branch and incorporated into the Georgian Land Forces as Air and Air Defense brigades.
Reestablishment and Modernisation
In 2012 the Georgian military with approval from government decided to reestablish the air force as its own arm in the military of Georgia. It will undergo a massive transformation and modernisation process, getting rid of almost its entire Soviet helicopter park to replace it with US and French aircraft. It was also announced by the ministry of defense that six Su-25 aircraft would be sold at an unknown date to add to the finances. As a result of the 2014 Wales summit Georgia was granted a NATO military assistance package which includes the support in acquisition of military equipment from alliance members and partners practically lifting the unofficial arms ban on Georgia. In addition US Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel announced during his visit in Georgia right after the summit that the country would also be supplied with US UH-60 Black Hawks.
|Georgian armed forces||O-1||O-2||O-3||O-4||O-5||O-6||O-7||O-8||O-9||O-10||0-11|
|Title||Second Lieutenant||Lieutenant||First Lieutenant||Captain||Major||Lieutenant Colonel||Colonel||Brigadier General||Major General||Lieutenant General||General|
Mission and objectives
The objectives of the Georgian Air Force are defined as follows:
- Warfare and mobilization readiness of the Air Forces sub-units
- Protection of sovereignty and control of the air space of Georgia
- The fight against air terrorism
- Participate in the fight against terrorism on land and at sea
- Air defence of state entities and troops
- Destruction of land and naval targets at the enemy's front line and tactical inmost. Providing air support for friendly land and naval forces
- Participation in collective and multinational exercises.
Functions of the Georgian Air Forces:
- Troop and cargo transportation
- Search and rescue of downed aircraft and pilots
- Informing the leadership of the Air Force and the Army about enemy air assaults
- Destruction of enemy manpower, land and naval targets
- Air forces landing
- Aerial reconnaissance
|Su-25KM/UB Scorpion/'Frogfoot'||USSR/Georgia||Ground Attack Aircraft/Night Attack||6+||12+ Night Attack “Scorpion” Upgrade, Under License of TAM reported as operational
35 su-25KM produced for Georgian Military
The SU-25KM uses a standard Su-25 airframe, enhanced with advanced avionics including a glass cockpit, digital map generator, helmet-mounted display, computerised weapons system, complete mission pre-plan capability, and fully redundant backup modes. Performance enhancements include a highly accurate navigation system, pinpoint weapon delivery systems, all-weather and day/night performance, NATO compatibility, state-of-the art safety and survivability features, and advanced onboard debriefing capabilities complying with international requirements. It has the ability to use Mark 82 and Mark 83 laser-guided bombs among other bombs and air-to-air missiles sush as the short-range Vympel R-73 and Rafael Python-5.when equipped with a radar pod it also has the ability to use medium-range Vympel R-77 and Rafael Derby 
|L-39||Czechoslovakia||Jet Trainer /Light Attack||16|
|An-12||USSR||Tactical Transport Aircraft||5+|
|An-24||USSR||Tactical Transport Aircraft||2|
|An-28||Poland||Tactical Transport Aircraft||2+|
|An-32||USSR||Tactical Transport Aircraft||1|
|An-72||USSR||Tactical Transport Aircraft||3+|
|Tu-134||USSR||Tactical Transport Aircraft||5+|
|Bombardier CRJ||Canada||VIP Transport||2|
|Elbit Hermes 450||Israel||Unmanned (combat)aerial vehicle||N/A|
|Elbit Skylark||Israel||Unmanned aerial vehicle||N/A||Skylark I an Skylark II variants|
|Unmanned Aerial System (Georgia)||Georgia||Unmanned aerial vehicle||N/A||produced by TAM|
|Mil Mi-35M 'Hind'||Ukraine||Attack Helicopter||1|
|Mi-24V 'Hind-E'/Mi-24P 'Hind-F'||Ukraine||Attack Helicopter||5||Mi-24P 'Hind'
|Eurocopter Super Puma||France||Utility Helicopter||4|
|Mi-8T 'Hip-C'||USSR||Utility Helicopter||16||Former Soviet Union|
|Mi-14PS 'Haze-C'||USSR||Naval Helicopter||18||Former Soviet Union|
|Bell UH-1H Iroquois||USA||Utility Helicopter||4|
|Bell 212||USA||Utility Helicopter||6|
|Mil Mi-2||Poland||Utility Helicopter||2||Former Soviet Union|
|Air Defense Weapons|
|SPYDER||Medium Range SAM|
|Buk M1||Medium Range SAM|
|57 mm AZP S-60||Auto Cannon|
|ZSU-23-4||Self-propelled AA gun|
|Bombs and Missiles|
|Mark 82 bomb||Low-Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bomb|
|Mark 83 bomb||Low-Drag General Purpose (LDGP) bomb|
|Python 5||Short-range air-to-air missile|
|R-73 AA-11 Archer||Short-range air-to-air missile|
|R-77 AA-12 Adder||Medium-range air-to-air missile|
|Derby||Medium-range air-to-air missile|
|Kh-29||air-to-surface TV guided Missile|
|AGM-114 Hellfire||air-to-surface laser guided Missile|
Mil Mi-24V attack helicopter no.09
Mil Mi-24V No.05
Georgian Bell UH-1H Iroquois
Mil Mi-8T transport helicopter
Georgian Sukhoi Su-25UB
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Air force of Georgia.|
- Defence Today 27: 1. September 2009. Accessed February 10, 2012.
- Georgian Air Force. The Global Security. Accessed February 10, 2012.
- List of Casualties among the Georgian Military Servicemen. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
- Structure of Land Forces. Ministry of Defense of Georgia. Accessed on February 10, 2012.
- David Stout. "U.S. to Help Georgia Join NATO in Face of Putin's 'Dangerous Actions'". TIME.com. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "სამხედრო–საჰაერო ძალების ისტორია". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Defence Statistics 2013" August 1, 2013
- "Вооруженные силы Грузии - Неофициальный сайт грузинской армии - GEO-ARMY.GE". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Bulgaria Sells Ten Su-25 Fighters to Georgia". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- Flight Global World Air Forces 2014 December 10, 2013
- "სუ–25 კმ "მიმინო"". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "History of the Air Forces of Georgia". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Georgia Georgian army land ground armed forces military equipment armoured armored vehicle UK - Army Recognition". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Fighter SU-25KM (Scorpion)". Geo-army.ge. 2010-06-28. Retrieved 2013-04-22.