Nepal Police

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Nepal Police
Agency overview
Formed 1951 A.D. (2007 B.S.)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Governing body Government of Nepal
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Kathmandu
Agency executive Upendra Kant Aryal, Inspector General of Police
Nepal police on duty at Fulpati 2013 at Kathmandu Durbar Square at Kathmandu

Since policing is a constitutional obligation on the part of the government in Nepal, Nepal Police Organization is the main administrative apparatus in the hands of the government to safeguard people's constitutional rights and to maintain law and order in the country.

Common Weapons[edit]

M16 rifle 5.56 mm
From top to bottom: M16A1, M16A2, M4A1, M16A4
Khukuri (kukri)

Small Arms[edit]

Manufacturer Type Number Origins
Colt's Manufacturing Company M16 rifle 1000000 USA
Colt's Manufacturing Company Colt Commando USA
Colt's Manufacturing Company M4 carbine USA
Heckler & Koch MSG90 Military Sniper Rifle Germany
Heckler & Koch MP5 Germany
Israeli Military Industries IMI Galil Israel
Heckler & Koch Heckler & Koch G36 Germany
Fabrique Nationale M249 Light Machine Gun 1500000 Belgium
Various GPMG 65,000 Various
Israel Military Industries UZI Israel Used by Special Police Forces & VIP protection Units
Sterling Armaments Company Sterling submachine gun 95,000 UK

Machine Guns[edit]

Manufacturer Type Number Origins Details
Many Bren light machine gun 9400 UK
Minimi 79000 Belgium
FN Herstal FN MAG 85400 Belgium


Manufacturer Type Number Origins Details
Vickers QF 3.7 inch AA gun 45 UK
SPG-9 Rocket-propelled grenade system 100 Russia
25 mm gun (Indian Field Gun) 100 India
75 mm Pack Howitzer 6 UK
3.7 inch Mountain Howitzer 100 UK
Fort Halstead 105 mm artillery pack 14 UK
Fort Halstead 81 mm mortar 100 UK
160 mm M43 mortar 1,070 USSR



Prior to 1864 AD[edit]

The Police institution dates back to the ancient times as does the history and language of the country.

During The Rana Regime (1864-1951 AD)[edit]

During Rana Regime, little was done to institutionalize the Police Organisation, establishing MILISIYA, THANA POLICE CHAUKI, office of POICE DIRECTOR GENERAL etc. which gradually shaped The Nepal Police to this modern "Nepal Police".

During The Period 1951 till 1990[edit]

Nepal saw the dawn of democracy after the fall of the Rana regime. The Police Headquarters was established in 1952 in Kathmandu. Mr. Toran Shamsher J.B.Rana was appointed the first Inspector General of Police. The Police Act, 2012 BS (1955 AD) came into effect. The Police Regulation, 2015 BS (1959 AD) came into effect.

The Parliamentary Government under the multi-party system was adopted for some years which was followed by Panchayat System since 1960. The establishment of the Central Police Training Centre in 1963 A.D.

From The Period 1990 Till Date[edit]

The Peoples democratic movement of 1990 reinstated the multi party democratic system. The new constitution of the kingdom was promulgated on Nov. 9.1991. The Police Reform Commission was constituted in the year 1992 and Modernisation of the Police Organisation started to tune with the aspirations of the people and norms of Multi-Party system. The first contingent of Police personnel was deployed in UN Mission in 1991. More than 2000 police personnel have already left their feet serving the international community in blue helmet. Nepal Police is the main and principle law enforcement agency of Nepal.

Nepal Police has total 60,171 police personnel and has 2,132 permanent and 406 temporary police offices/Units spread all over the country. The present chief of Nepal Police is IGP Upendra Kant Aryal. (From on September 14, 2012 by the decision of Government of Nepal, dated September 13, 2012)

Chiefs of Nepal Police[edit]

  1. Toran Shumsher J.B.R.
  2. Nara Shumsher J.B.R.
  3. Gyan Bahadur Yakthumba
  4. Gopal Shumsher J.B.R.
  5. Purna Singh Khawas
  6. Dhundi Raj Sharma
  7. Tirtha Bahadur Shah
  8. Pahal Singh Lama
  9. Rom Bahadur Thapa
  10. Khadgajeet Baral
  11. Durlav Kumar Thapa
  12. Dil Bahadur Lama
  13. Hem Bahadur Singh
  14. Ratna Shumsher J.B.R.
  15. Moti Lal Bohora
  16. Achyut Krishna Kharel
  17. Dhruba Bahadur Pradhan
  18. Pradip Shumsher J.B.R.
  19. Shyam Bhakta Thapa
  20. Om Bikram Rana
  21. Hem Bahadur Gurung
  22. Ramesh Chand Thakuri
  23. Rabindra Pratap Shah
  24. Kuber Singh Rana
  25. Upendra Kant Aryal [1]


There are four departments in the Police Headquarters that function to undertake the policing activities of Nepal Police. These departments are headed either by DIGP OR AIGP. In addition to the departments, there are National Police Academy and recently established Office of the Inspector General of Police that are also looked after by Additional Inspector General of Police.

Metropolitan Police Commissioner's Office[edit]

Additional Inspector General of Police Nav Raj Kangal [2]

Crime Investigation Department[edit]

Additional Inspector General of Police Dinakar Shumsher (JBR)

Administration Department[edit]

Operations Department[edit]

Human Resource Development Department[edit]

AIG Ganga Prasad Pandey

Traffic Police Division[edit]

Deputy Inspector General of Police Keshav Prasad Adhikari

National Police Academy[edit]

National Police Academy of Nepal (NPA) is an academic wing of Nepal Police. It is solely responsible for conducting basic and advanced training programmed for the police officers in Nepal. DIGP Narayan Prasad Bastakoti is the Executive Director of this Academy. The NPA is the apex body of all Nepal Police Training Institutions in the country. Its goal is to develop quality human resources for Nepal Police to achieve organizational and individual objectives with a strong commitment of service and responsibility to the people. The Academy is set to be the 'Center for Excellence' and is committed to expand its resource base through tie-ups with similar institutions in and outside the country. The main objectives of NPA are:

  1. To conduct foundation training's (induction courses) by offering developmental opportunities to the senior police officers and technical police officers.
  2. To prepare police instructors required for the entire police training system in Nepal Police and provide consultancy services.
  3. To offer and undertake advanced training for senior police officers in the field of leadership, management and administration, proactive policing, community policing trainer's training, etc.
  4. To extend prospective and substantive relationship with universities in the relevant subjects and to award academic degrees to the trainees.
  5. To organize workshops, seminars, symposiums,conferences and short courses in policing issues.
  6. To carry out quality research activities (required by Police Headquarters-PHQ) or to act as an research faculty (qualitative research on behalf of PHQ) regarding police profession to develop analytically capability.
  7. To extend assistance and advice police headquarters i.e. consultancy service rendered to PHQ in formulating training policies.

Central Polygraph Section[edit]

Nepal Police has started using Polygraph system for credibility assessment in criminal and internal disciplinary investigation from 6th February 2014. Nepal Police has established "Central Polygraph Section" in Crime Investigation Department at Police Headquarters. Polygraph Examiners Dipak Bhandari, Ganesh Shrestha, Jyoti Thapa are currently serving in the section.

Research and Planning Directorate[edit]

Research and Planning (R&P)Directorate of Nepal Police was established in 1987 as the research and planning division. Now, the R&P Directorate is responsible for conducting research on the issues of institutional development and service delivery and making the plans based on the findings of the research. The directorate is responsible for conducting research and formulating plans based on the research.

Altogether 17 Research and planning sections have been established at departmental and regional levels under R&P Directorate to build a quick network to facilitate research and planning activities of Nepal police. The directorate is headed by the Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP) Hemant malla thakuri. Other staffs are SP Rabindra regmi, DSP Raj K silwal and Inspector Navratna poudel. There are few other junior and non officer staffs.


  1. ^ "Police History - Ex-Chief of Police". Retrieved 2013-04-10. 
  2. ^ [1]

External links[edit]