Nevados de Quimsachata
|Nevados de Quimsachata
Nevados de Quimsachata Volcanic Group.
|Elevation||6,052 m (19,856 ft)|
Nevados de Quimsachata (hispanicized) or Kimsa Chata (Aymara and Quechua kimsa three, Pukina chata mountain, "three mountains", also spelled Kimsachata, also hispanicized Quimsa Chata), is a 8 km (5 mi)-long volcanic complex on a north-south alignment along the border between Bolivia and Chile, overseeing Chungara Lake. It contains three peaks, all stratovolcanoes.
The group is formed N to S by Volcán Umarata - 5,730 m (18,799 ft), Volcán Acotango - 6,052 m (19,856 ft) and Cerro Capurata - 5,990 m (19,652 ft) (also known as Cerro Elena Capurata). The active Volcán Guallatiri, to the west of Cº Capurata is not part of the group.
The Acotango stratovolcano is the central and highest of the three. It is in a fairly advanced stage of dissection, but a morphologically youthful lava flow on its northern flank suggests Holocene activity. Umarata, with a summit crater breached to the ESE, and Capurata, a complex of lava domes and associated pyroclastic-flow deposits, may also have been active during the Holocene.
Smithsonian Institution, volcanoes of Northern Chile, Bolivia and Argentina. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/region.cfm?rnum=1505
- www.katari.org Aymara-Spanish dictionary: Kimsa (adj.) - Número Tres.
- Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Lengua Pukina en Jesús de Machaca, referring to Alfredo Torero ("Reflexión acerca del pukina escrito por Alfredo Torero ... Pukina <Chata> - Castellano Cerro - Palabras relacionadas en aymara Qullu") (English: mountain). ... Existencia de palabras pukinas en Jesús de Machaca: Qullunaka (cerros): Kimsa Chata
- Siebert L, Simkin T (2002-). Volcanoes of the World: an Illustrated Catalog of Holocene Volcanoes and their Eruptions. Smithsonian Institution, Global Volcanism Program Digital Information Series, GVP-3, (http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/).
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