New Adult (NA) fiction is a developing genre of fiction with protagonists in the 18–25 age bracket. St. Martin's Press first coined the term in 2009, when they held a special call for "...fiction similar to YA that can be published and marketed as adult—a sort of an 'older YA' or 'new adult'." New Adult fiction tends to focus on issues such as leaving home, developing sexuality, and negotiating education and career choices. The genre has gained popularity rapidly over the last few years, particularly through books by self-published bestselling authors like Cora Carmack, Colleen Hoover, and Jamie McGuire.
The genre was originally met with some criticism, as some viewed it as a marketing scheme, while others claimed the readership was not there to publish the material. In contrast, others claimed that the term was necessary; a publicist for HarperCollins described it as "a convenient label because it allows parents and bookstores and interested readers to know what is inside".
This category is intended to be marketed to post-adolescents and young-adults ages 18 to 30. This age group is considered to be the lucrative "cross-over" category of young-adult titles that appeal to both the young-adult market and to an adult audience. Publishers of young-adult fiction now favor this category as it encompasses a far broader audience. The chief features that distinguish the new-adult fiction category from young-adult fiction are the perspective of the young protagonist and the scope of the protagonist's life experience. Perspective is gained as childhood innocence fades and life experience is gained, which brings insight. It is this insight which is lacking in traditional young-adult fiction. The other main differences are characters' ages and the settings. YA does not usually include characters over age 18 or in college, but these characters are featured in New Adult books. New Adult can best be described as the age category after Young Adult.
Themes and issues
New adult literature touches upon many themes and issues to reach the readership that falls in between the categories of young adult and adult fiction.
Many themes covered in young adult fiction such as identity, sexuality, depression, suicide, drug abuse, alcohol abuse, familial struggles, bullying are also covered in new adult fiction, but the various issues that are dealt with in the category hold it separate. Some common examples of issues include: first jobs, starting college, wedding engagements and marriage, starting new families, friendships post-high school, military enlistment, financial independence, living away from home for the first time, empowerment, loss of innocence, fear of failure, and many others.
This category focuses heavily on life after an individual has become of legal age, and how one deals with the new beginnings of adulthood. Commonly, these themes and issues have been seen taking place post-high school in popular new adult fiction titles, but there are exceptions.
The new adult category and the genre
Like the fiction categories of young adult and adult, new adult fiction can combine with all genres and subgenres. Science fiction, urban fiction, horror, paranormal, dystopia, etc. are some examples.
New adult fiction and the publishing industry
Many agents and large publishing houses have yet to recognize the category due to various issues. Some view the category as a marketing scheme, while others claim the readership is not there to publish the material. Therefore, authors have turned to self-publishing as a means to get their books out into the market. The success of these authors has led to many independent publishing houses and agents opening up to the category. Publishers are now publishing these books with many of the bestsellers having deals with large publishers.
New adult fiction and sex
In 2012, new adult fiction saw a rise in the romance subgenre of contemporary when self-published titles such as Slammed by Colleen Hoover, Easy by Tamarra Webber, and Beautiful Disaster by Jamie McGuire got picked up by major publishing houses. Some believe this jump in response to the category came from the release of the popular erotic novel Fifty Shades of Grey, which featured a heroine in college. Since new adult fiction tackles issues such as sex and sexuality and many of the categories' successful titles deal with those same issues the category itself and the single issue of sex have been stated as synonymous, and even been called over-sexualized versions of young adult fiction. Both readers and authors of the category combat the claim by stating that the category deals with the exploration of a character's life, and that single issue of sex and the category itself are not mutual exclusive.
2009 to present
Following the end of the St. Martin's Press contest, the new adult category has become increasingly popular through self-publishing. Major New York publishers are taking self-published authors of these titles and acquiring them for mass market sales. Some authors include:
- Cora Carmack for Losing It
- Kathy Clark, a New York Times Best Selling author at the start of her romance /women's fiction 23 book career has released a new adult genre novel in her Scandals series, titled Due Dates, in November, 2013. 
- Sylvia Day for Reflected in You
- Colleen Hoover for Slammed and Point of Retreat
- Jamie McGuire for Beautiful Disaster
- Tammara Webber for Easy
Some noteworthy authors of the category include:
- "St. Martin's New Adult Contest". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Chappell, Briony (10 September 2012). "Would you read novels aimed at 'new adults'?". London: Guardian. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Donahue, Deirdre (15 April 2013). "New Adult fiction is the hot new category in books". USA Today. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Karl Alexander Interview Part 3". FearNet. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "'New Adult' Fiction Is Now an Official Literary Genre Because Marketers Want Us to Buy Things". Jezebel. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "New Adult: Needless Marketing-Speak Or Valued Subgenre?". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Kaufman, Leslie (21 December 2012). "Beyond Wizards and Vampires, to Sex". New York TImes. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "'New Adult' books growing up". Lansing State Journal. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Emerging 'New Adult' Book Genre Puts Smut Fiction on Bestseller Lists". ABC News. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Are your teens ready for New Adult fiction?". Sun Times. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Beckett, Sandra L. (2008). Crossover Fiction: Global and Historical Perspectives. pp. 111, 119–126.
- JJ (10 November 2009). "Postadolescent or 'New Adult' Fiction". Publishing, Reviews. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- Bosman, Julie (August 9, 2011). "Publishing Gives Hints of Revival, Data Show". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- Young-adult fiction
- New Adult- Passing Trend or Legitimate Genre?
- New Adult: Needless Marketing-Speak Or Valued Subgenre?
- Donahue, Deirdre (15 April 2013). "New Adult fiction is the hot new category in books". USA Today.
- With new digital imprints, Random House taps self-published authors — paidContent
- Kaufman, Leslie (21 December 2012). "Young-Adult Authors Are Creating a Steamy New Genre". The New York Times.
- Emerging 'New Adult' Book Genre Puts Smut Fiction on Bestseller Lists - ABC News
- New Adult: It’s not about the sex (but don’t be afraid of the sex either)
- Kaufman, Leslie (14 November 2012). "Self-Published Author Signs a Three-Book Deal, Heralding New Adult Fiction". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- "New Adult: Needless Marketing-Speak Or Valued Subgenre?". 14 December 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- "Atria Books Inks Deal With New York Times Bestselling Self-Published Author Colleen Hoover". 10 August 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Deahl, Rachel (11 July 2012). "Atria Inks Self-Pub'd Bestseller McGuire to Two-Book Deal". Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Penguin/Razorbill UK Announcement". Retrieved 15 September 2012.