New Democratic Party leadership election, 1989

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New Democratic Party leadership election, 1989
Date November 30 – December 3, 1989
Convention Winnipeg, Manitoba
Resigning leader Ed Broadbent
Won by Audrey McLaughlin
Ballots 4
Candidates 7

New Democratic Party leadership elections

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The 1989 New Democratic Party leadership election was held in Winnipeg, Canada from November 30 to December 3 to elect a leader of the New Democratic Party of Canada. Ed Broadbent retired as federal leader, and Audrey McLaughlin was elected as his replacement. McLaughlin's victory was the first time a woman won the leadership of a major recognized federal Canadian political party. This convention was followed by six years of decline for the party, culminating in the worst electoral performance of a 20th-century federal democratic socialist party, when the party received only seven percent of the popular vote in the 1993 federal election.[1]

Prelude[edit]

Canadians elected a record 43 NDP Members of Parliament (MPs) in the election of 1988. The Liberal Party, however, had reaped most of the benefits of opposing free trade to emerge as the dominant alternative to the Progressive Conservative (PC) government. The PCs' barrage of attacks on the Liberals, and vote-splitting between the NDP and Liberals, helped them win a second consecutive majority. In 1989, Broadbent stepped down after 14 years as federal leader of the NDP.[2]

Leadership vote[edit]

At the 1989 Winnipeg leadership convention, former B.C. Premier Dave Barrett and Audrey McLaughlin were the main contenders for the leadership. During the campaign, Barrett argued that the party should be concerned with western alienation, rather than focusing its attention on Quebec. The Quebec wing of the NDP strongly opposed Barrett's candidacy, with Phil Edmonston, the party's main spokesman in Quebec, threatening to resign from the party if Barrett won.[3] Barrett's campaign was also hurt when his back-room negotiations with leadership rival Simon De Jong were inadvertently recorded by the latter's CBC microphone. In these discussions, De Jong apparently agreed to support Barrett in exchange for being named House Leader, but he changed his mind at the last minute and supported McLaughlin instead, announcing his endorsement of her before the vote. In the course of his discussion with Barrett, De Jong explained "It's a head and heart thing", i.e., that his head told him to go with Barrett while his heart told him to go with McLaughlin.

McLaughlin won the leadership on the fourth ballot, with 1316 votes for 55 percent of the vote, versus Barrett's 1072 votes (45 percent).[4] Her victory meant that she became first woman in Canada to lead a major, recognized, federal political party.[4]


Delegate support by ballot
Candidate 1st ballot 2nd ballot 3rd ballot 4th ballot
Name Votes cast  % Votes cast  % Votes cast  % Votes cast  %
Audrey McLaughlin 646 26.9% 829 34.3% 1,072 44.4% 1,316 55.1%
Dave Barrett 566 23.6% 780 32.3% 947 39.3% 1,072 44.9%
Steven Langdon 351 14.6% 519 21.5% 393 16.3%
Simon De Jong 315 13.1% 289 12.0%
Howard McCurdy 256 10.7%
Ian Waddell 213 8.9%
Roger Lagasse 53 2.2%
Total 2,400 100.0% 2,417 100.0% 2,412 100.0% 2,388 100.0%

Aftermath[edit]

The party enjoyed strong support among organized labour and rural voters in the Prairies. McLaughlin tried to expand its support into Quebec without much success. In 1989, the Quebec New Democratic Party adopted a sovereigntist platform and severed its ties with the federal NDP. Under McLaughlin, the party won an election in Quebec for the first time when Edmonston won a 1990 by-election. The party had briefly picked up its first Quebec MP in 1986, when Robert Toupin crossed the floor from the Tories after briefly sitting as an independent. However, he left the party in October 1987 after claiming communists had infiltrated the party.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Globe Editorial (1993-10-28). "Retooling the New Democrats". The Globe and Mail (Toronto: CTVglobemedia). pp. A26. 
  2. ^ "CBC News Indepth: Ed Broadbent". CBC News. 
  3. ^ Barrett, David
  4. ^ a b Goar, Carol (1989-12-03). "Raw leader must soar to prevent NDP losses". The Toronto Star (Toronto: Torstar). pp. A1, A11. 

References[edit]

  • Morton, Desmond (1986). The New Democrats, 1961-1986 : the politics of change (3 ed.). Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman. ISBN 0-7730-4618-6. 
  • Smith, Cameron (1989). Unfinished Journey: The Lewis Family. Toronto: Summerhill Press. ISBN 0-929091-04-3.