New Zealand scaup

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from New Zealand Scaup)
Jump to: navigation, search
New Zealand scaup
NZ Scaup 01.jpg
Male
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae
Subfamily: Aythyinae
Genus: Aythya
Species: A. novaeseelandiae
Binomial name
Aythya novaeseelandiae
(Gmelin, 1789)
Aythya novaeseelandiae distribution map.png
Distribution map of the New Zealand scaup (red)

The New Zealand scaup (Aythya novaeseelandiae) commonly known as a black teal, is a diving duck species of the genus Aythya. It is endemic to New Zealand. In Maori commonly known as papango, also matapouri, titiporangi, raipo.[2]

Description[edit]

Overall dark brown/black colours. The male has a striking yellow eye and a dark coloured (greenish) head. The female is similar to the male, but without the yellow eye and has a white face patch during breeding season. A white wing bar can be seen in both sexes when in flight.[3]

Feeding[edit]

The scaup is a diving duck which may submerge for twenty to thirty seconds and go down three metres to look for aquatic plants, small fish, water snails, mussels and insects.[4][5] It is sometimes seen with the Australian coot (Fulica atra); it is thought that the scaup takes advantage of the food stirred up by the coots as they fossick for shrimps.[5]

Female

Distribution[edit]

It is found throughout both the North and South Islands of New Zealand in deep freshwater lakes and ponds.[3] Unlike other members of this genus, the scaup is not migratory, although it does move to open water from high country lakes if they become frozen in winter.[5]

Life cycle[edit]

They nest from October to March. They lay five to eight cream/white eggs in a nest close to water, often under banks or thick cover. The nest is usually lined with grass and down.[3] The eggs are incubated for four weeks by the female. The newly hatched ducklings begin diving for food on their first outing.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Aythya novaeseelandiae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Moncrieff, Perrine (1961). New Zealand Birds and How to Identify Them. Whitcombe and Tombs Ltd. p. 113. 
  3. ^ a b c Marshall, Janet; F.C. Kinsky, C.J.R. Robertson (1972). Common Birds in New Zealand. A.H. & A.W. Reed. p. 31. ISBN 0-589-00730-0. 
  4. ^ Orbell, Margaret (2003). Birds of Aotearoa. Reed Publishing NZ Ltd. p. 129. ISBN 0-7900-0909-9. 
  5. ^ a b c d Lockley, Ronald M. (1980). New Zealand Endangered Species. Cassell NZ. p. 82. ISBN 0-908572-22-0.