Newport-class tank landing ship

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USS Newport (LST-1179)
USS Newport (LST-1179)
Class overview
Builders: Philadelphia Naval Shipyard
National Steel and Shipbuilding Company
Operators:
Initial operator

 United States Navy

Later operators (onsold after US service)

 Royal Australian Navy
 Brazilian Navy
 Chilean Navy
 Royal Malaysian Navy
 Mexican Navy
 Royal Moroccan Navy
 Peruvian Navy (proposed)
 Republic of China Navy

 Spanish Navy
Preceded by: De Soto County-class tank landing ship
Succeeded by: None
Built: 1966–1972
In commission: 1969–2002 (USN)
Completed: 20
Active: 0 (US)
Laid up: 4
Retired: 12
General characteristics
Type: Tank Landing Ship
Displacement: approx. 4,793 tons light loaded,
8,500 tons fully loaded
Length: 522 ft (159 m)
Beam: 70 ft (21 m)
Draft: 17.4 ft (5.3 m)
Propulsion: 6 ALCO diesels (3 per shaft)
16,000 shaft horsepower;
800 hp GE bow thruster.
2 Hydraulically Controlled Variable Pitch Reversible Props and 1 Variable Pitch Bow Thruster
3 ALCO/GE Generators (750 kW, 1201 A each)
Speed: Over 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Troops: Approximately 400 Marines, when embarked
Complement: 14 officers, 210 enlisted

Newport-class tank-landing ships are an improved class of tank-landing ship (LST) designed for the United States Navy. The ships were intended to provide substantial advantages over their World War II-era predecessors. Of the twenty completed, four were sunk as targets, four were retained as inactive reserves and the rest were sold to foreign navies.

Class description[edit]

Twenty ships of the Newport tank landing ship class were built to replace the traditional bow door design LST.

The Newport class has higher speeds and trimmer lines than the LSTs of World War II. The vessels have two huge derricks used to extend and retract a bow ramp. The 110-foot (34 m) ramp has a 75-ton capacity.

The Newport class is the first amphibious ship to be fitted with an internal side propulsion unit located below the waterline near the bow. The bow thruster allows the bow to be pushed from side to side while the stern remains nearly stationary.

This class of LST also has a stern gate. It allows them to load and launch amphibious assault vehicles, and permits sterngate matings with Landing Craft Utility (LCU) units.

Units[edit]

Ship Name Hull No. Builder USN Commission–
Decommission
Fate Link
Newport LST-1179 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 1969–1992 Sold to Mexican Navy as Papaloapan (ARM A-411) [1]
Manitowoc LST-1180 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 1970–1993 Sold to Republic of China Navy as Chong ho (LST-232) [2]
Sumter LST-1181 Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 1970–1993 Sold to Republic of China Navy as ChongPing (LST-233) [3]
Fresno LST-1182 National Steel & SB 1969–1993 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2014-09-15 [4]
Peoria LST-1183 National Steel & SB 1970–1994 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-12-07 [5]
Frederick LST-1184 National Steel & SB 1970–2002 Sold to Mexican Navy as Usumacinta (ARM A-412), 2002-11-22 [6]
Schenectady LST-1185 National Steel & SB 1970–1993 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-11-23 [7]
Cayuga LST-1186 National Steel & SB 1970–1994 Sold to Brazilian Navy as NDCC Mattoso Maia (G-28) [8]
Tuscaloosa LST-1187 National Steel & SB 1970–1993 Sunk as target, 2014-07. [9][10]
Saginaw LST-1188 National Steel & SB 1971–1994 Sold to Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Kanimbla, 1994-2011 [11]
San Bernardino LST-1189 National Steel & SB 1971–1995 Sold to Chilean Navy to as Valdivia (LST 93), decommissioned in 2010 [12]
Boulder LST-1190 National Steel & SB 1971–1994 Inactive reserve, 1994-02-28. Proposed for transfer to the Royal Moroccan Navy. [13][14]
Racine LST-1191 National Steel & SB 1971–1993 Proposed for transfer to the Peruvian Navy from inactive reserve[1] [15]
Spartanburg County LST-1192 National Steel & SB 1971–1994 Sold to Royal Malaysian Navy as KD Sri Indera Pura (A-1505) [16]
Fairfax County LST-1193 National Steel & SB 1971–1994 Sold to Royal Australian Navy as HMAS Manoora, 1994-2011 [17]
La Moure County LST-1194 National Steel & SB 1971–2000 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2001-07-10 [18]
Barbour County LST-1195 National Steel & SB 1972–1992 Disposed of in support of Fleet training exercise, 2004-04-06 [19]
Harlan County LST-1196 National Steel & SB 1972–1995 Sold to Spanish Navy as Pizarro (L-42), decommissioned in 2012 [20]
Barnstable County LST-1197 National Steel & SB 1972–1994 Sold to Spanish Navy as Hernán Cortés (L-41), decommissioned in 2009 [21]
Bristol County LST-1198 National Steel & SB 1972–1994 Sold to Moroccan Navy as Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdallah (407) [22]

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]