Nowell Salmon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sir Nowell Salmon
Nowell Salmon VC.JPG
Admiral Sir Nowell Salmon c.1890s
Born (1835-02-20)20 February 1835
Swarraton, Hampshire
Died 14 February 1912(1912-02-14) (aged 76)
Southsea, Hampshire
Buried at St Peter's Churchyard, Curdridge
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1847–1905
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Commands held HMS Icarus
HMS Defence
HMS Valiant
HMS Swiftsure
Cape of Good Hope Station
China Station
Portsmouth Command
Battles/wars Crimean War
Indian Mutiny
Awards Victoria Cross
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Nowell Salmon VCGCB (20 February 1835 – 14 February 1912) was a Royal Navy officer. As a junior officer he served in the naval brigade and took part in the Siege of Lucknow during the Indian Mutiny. He was a member of the force defending the Residency when he volunteered to climb a tree near the wall of the Shah Nujeff mosque to observe the fall of shot, despite being under fire himself and wounded in the thigh. He and his colleague, Leading Seaman John Harrison, were awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces for this action.

A few years later Salmon was dispatched from Belize to take custody of William Walker, a American citizen who had briefly been president of Nicaragua, but who was now attempting further conquests in Central America. The British Government regarded Walker as a menace to its own affairs in the region. Salmon captured Walker and delivered him to the authorities in Honduras, who promptly had him court-martialed and shot.

Salmon went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope and West Coast of Africa Station, then Commander-in-Chief, China Station and finally Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth.

Early career[edit]

The ruins of the Residency at Lucknow after the siege during which Salmon was awarded the Victoria Cross

Salmon was the son of Reverend Henry Salmon, Rector of Swarraton and Emily Salmon (daughter of Admiral William Nowell), Salmon was educated at Marlborough College and joined the Royal Navy as cadet in May 1847.[1] Promoted to midshipman, he was appointed to the second-rate HMS James Watt in the Baltic Sea in March 1854 and saw action during the Crimean War.[1] Promoted to lieutenant on 5 January 1856, he joined the gunboat HMS Ant in March 1856 before transferring to the frigate HMS Shannon on the East Indies Station later that year.[1] He served in the naval brigade and took part in the Siege of Lucknow in November 1857 during the Indian Mutiny.[1] He was a member of the force defending the Residency when he volunteered to climb a tree near the wall of the Shah Nujeff mosque to observe the fall of shot, despite being under fire himself and wounded in the thigh.[1] He and his colleague, Leading Seaman John Harrison, were awarded the Victoria Cross.[1] His citation reads:

Date of Act of Bravery, 16 November, 1857

For conspicuous gallantry at Lucknow, on the 16 November, 1857, in climbing up a tree, touching the angle of the Shah Nujjiff, to reply to the fire of the enemy, for which most dangerous service, the late Captain Peel, K.C.B., had called for volunteers.[2]

William Walker who was captured by Salmon and delivered to the authorities in Honduras

Salmon took part in the Recapture of Lucknow in March 1858 and was promoted to commander on 22 March 1858.[1] He became commanding officer of the sloop HMS Icarus on the North America and West Indies Station in November 1859.[1] In 1860, Salmon was dispatched from Belize to take custody of William Walker, a American citizen who had briefly been president of Nicaragua, but who was now attempting further conquests in Central America. The British Government regarded Walker as a menace to its own affairs in the region.[3] Salmon captured Walker and delivered him to the authorities in Honduras, who promptly had him court-martialed and shot.[1]

Promoted to captain on 12 December 1863, Salmon became commanding officer of the ironclad warship HMS Defence in the Mediterranean Fleet in March 1869 and then commanding officer of the ironclad warship HMS Valiant on the Coast of Ireland Station in April 1874.[1] He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath on 29 May 1875[4] and a naval aide-de-camp to the Queen on 12 December 1875[5] before becoming commanding officer of the battleship HMS Swiftsure in the Mediterranean Fleet on 28 November 1877.[6]

Senior command[edit]

The armoured cruiser HMS Imperieuse, Salmon's flagship as Commander-in-Chief, China Station

Promoted to rear admiral on 2 August 1879,[7] Salmon became Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope and West Coast of Africa Station, with his flag in the corvette HMS Boadicea, in April 1882.[6] Promoted to vice admiral on 1 July 1885,[8] he was advanced to Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath on 21 June 1887.[9] He went on to be Commander-in-Chief, China Station, with his flag in the armoured cruiser HMS Imperieuse, in December 1887.[6]

Salmon was promoted to full admiral on 10 September 1891[10] and became Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth in June 1894.[6] He was advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath on 22 June 1897[11] and led the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Review at Spithead on 26 June 1897[12] before being appointed First and Principal Naval Aide-de-camp to the Queen on 23 August 1897.[13] Promoted to Admiral of the Fleet on 13 January 1899,[14] he retired in February 1905,[15] died at his home in Southsea on 14 February 1912 and was buried at St Peter's Churchyard in Curdridge.[6]

Salmon's Victoria Cross is on display in the Lord Ashcroft Gallery at the Imperial War Museum in London.[16]

Family[edit]

In January 1866 Salmon married Emily Augusta Saunders; they had a son and a daughter.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Heathcote, p. 224
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22212. p. 5512. 24 December 1858. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  3. ^ Scroggs, pp. 72–4
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24213. p. 2852. 29 May 1875. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24282. p. 57. 7 January 1876. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Heathcote, p. 225
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24749. p. 4805. 5 August 1879. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25490. p. 3240. 14 July 1885. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25712. p. 3362. 21 June 1887. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26203. p. 4987. 22 September 1891. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26867. p. 3567. 25 June 1897. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26947. p. 1618. 14 March 1898. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26885. p. 4726. 24 August 1897. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27043. p. 298. 17 January 1899. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27772. p. 1845. 7 March 1905. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  16. ^ "Location of Victoria Crosses". National Museum of the Royal Navy. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Richards
Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station
1882–1885
Succeeded by
Sir Walter Hunt-Grubbe
Preceded by
Sir Richard Hamilton
Commander-in-Chief, China Station
1887–1890
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Richards
Preceded by
The Earl of Clanwilliam
Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
1894–1897
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Culme-Seymour
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Algernon Lyons
First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp
1897–1899
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Culme-Seymour, Bt.