Nowell Salmon

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Nowell Salmon
VCNowellSalmon.jpg
Admiral Salmon as depicted on a cigarette card
Born 20 February 1835
Swarraton, Hampshire
Died 14 February 1912 (aged 76)
Southsea, Hampshire
Buried at St Peter's Churchyard, Curdridge
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1847 - 1905
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Unit HMS Shannon
Commands held HMS Defence
HMS Valiant
Cape of Good Hope Station
China Station
Portsmouth Command
Battles/wars Crimean War
Indian Mutiny
Awards Victoria Cross
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Nowell Salmon VC, GCB (20 February 1835 – 14 February 1912) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Naval career[edit]

Salmon was the son of Reverend H. Salmon, rector of Swarraton, Hampshire and Emily, the daughter of Admiral Nowell who fought at the Battle of the Saintes and as a commander in the American Revolutionary War. After leaving Marlborough College he joined the Navy as cadet in 1847,[1] and served from the Baltic to the Cape.

He was 22 years old, and a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, serving in a Naval Brigade from HMS Shannon during the Indian Mutiny when the following deed took place at the siege of Lucknow for which he and John Harrison was awarded the VC. His citation reads

Date of Act of Bravery, 16th November, 1857

For conspicuous gallantry at Lucknow, on the 16th of November, 1857, in climbing up a tree, touching the angle of the Shah Nujjiff, to reply to the fire of the enemy, for which most dangerous service, the late Captain Peel, K.C.B., had called for volunteers.[2]

In 1860, while on duty in the near Honduras, Salmon took custody of William Walker. Walker, a U.S. citizen who had briefly been president of Nicaragua, was attempting further conquests in Central America. Salmon delivered Walker to the local authorities, who promptly shot him.

Salmon was made captain of the ironclad warships HMS Defence and HMS Valiant and went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope and West Coast of Africa Station in 1882,[1] Commander-in-Chief of the China Station in 1887[1] and Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth in 1894.[1]

Family[edit]

Major-General Harry Salmon was the grandson of Nowell Salmon's brother. His VC is on display in the Lord Ashcroft Gallery at the Imperial War Museum, London.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Memorials in Portsmouth
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22212. p. 5512. 24 December 1858. Retrieved 26 September 2009.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Frederick Richards
Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station
1882–1885
Succeeded by
Sir Walter Hunt-Grubbe
Preceded by
Sir Richard Hamilton
Commander-in-Chief, China Station
1887–1890
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Richards
Preceded by
The Earl of Clanwilliam
Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
1894–1897
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Culme-Seymour
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Algernon Lyons
First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp
1897–1899
Succeeded by
Sir Michael Culme-Seymour, Bt.