Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

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The Nunavut Land Claim Agreement was signed on May 25, 1993, in Iqaluit by representatives of the Tungavik Federation of Nunavut, the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories. This Agreement gave the Inuit of Nunavut a separate territory. It is the largest Aboriginal land claim settlement in Canadian history.[1] The NLCA consists of 42 chapters, which address a big range of aspects like wildlife management and harvesting rights, land water and environmental management regimes, parks and conservation areas, heritage resources, public sector employment and contracting, and a range of other issues.[2] The agreement indicates two areas that are the focus of the agreement: First areas consists of Arctic Islands and mainland Eastern Arctic, and their adjacent marine areas; Second area includes the Belcher Islands, its associated islands and adjacent marine areas.[3]


NLCA provides the Inuit of Nunavut with certain features[edit]

•Equal representation of Inuit with government on a new set of wildlife management, resource management and environmental boards; [4]

•In addition to the creation of management and advisory groups, and various financial considerations, the NCLA gave the Inuit of Nunavut title to approximately 350,000 square kilometres (136,000 square miles) of land, of which, 35,257 square kilometres (14,000 square miles) include mineral rights; [5]

•The right to harvest wildlife on lands and waters throughout the Nunavut settlement area;[6]

•A share of federal government royalties from oil, gas and mineral development on Crown lands;[7]

•The right to negotiate with industry for economic and social benefits from the development of non-renewable resources on Inuit Owned Lands;[8]

•The creation of three federally funded national parks;[9]

•Capital transfer payments of $1.9 billion over 15 years and a $13 million Training Trust Fund for the establishment of the Government of Nunavut;[10]

A History of the Nunavut Land Claim process[edit]

In 1973 The Inuit Tapirisat of Canada (ITC) began research on Inuit land use and occupancy in the Arctic. 3 years later in 1976 the ITC put forward the idea of creating a Nunavut Territory and the federal Electoral Boundaries Commission that recommended dividing the Northwest Territories into two electoral districts: the Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq. The Tungavik Federation of Nunavut (TFN) negotiated the land claims agreement with the federal government in 1982. Voting in the Northwest Territories determined the creation of Nunavut with a passing vote of 56%. The TFN and representatives from the federal and territorial Governments signed the land claims agreement-in-principle in 1990. In 1992 the TFN and federal negotiators have agreed on the substantive portions of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. On May 25th of 1993, duly appointed officer of the Tungavik Federation of Nunavut signed the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. On July 9th of 1993 the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement and Nunavut Act were adopted by Parliament and received Royal Assent. In 1998 amendments to the Nunavut Act were adopted by Parliament and received Royal Assent. In 1999 on April 1st, Nunavut with an independent government became a reality. [11]


Amendments to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement[edit]

Since NLCA was signed in 1993, there have been implemented amendments. The major amendments in 1995 and 1996 were alterations to different official event dates. Articles 5.4.2, 5.6.25, 8.2.2, 8.2.3, and 35.5.7 of the Nunavut Land Claim Agreement were changed. On March 1, 2002, schedule 29-3 (negotiation loans payment) of the Nunavut Land Claim Agreement was replaced. [12]



External links[edit]

Amendments to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement

Nunavut Land Claim Agreement: Table of Contents

Government of Nunavut




References[edit]

  1. ^ “Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Signed”. Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, https://www.itk.ca/historical-event/nunavut-land-claims-agreement-signed (January 14, 2015).
  2. ^ Dewar Barry, NUNAVUT AND THE NUNAVUT LAND CLAIMS AGREEMENT — AN UNRESOLVED RELATIONSHIP, 10th Anniversary Nunavut, http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/file/Dewar,%202009.pdf (January 14, 2015).
  3. ^ Dewar Barry, NUNAVUT AND THE NUNAVUT LAND CLAIMS AGREEMENT — AN UNRESOLVED RELATIONSHIP, 10th Anniversary Nunavut, http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/file/Dewar,%202009.pdf (January 14, 2015).
  4. ^ Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada (1997). “1996-1997 Annual Report on the Implementation of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement”. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100031002/1100100031005#chp2 (January 14, 2015).
  5. ^ http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100031002/1100100031005#chp2.
  6. ^ http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100031002/1100100031005#chp2.
  7. ^ http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100031002/1100100031005#chp2.
  8. ^ http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100031002/1100100031005#chp2
  9. ^ http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100031002/1100100031005#chp2.
  10. ^ Shelagh D. Grant, Polar Imperative (D&M Publisher Inc, 2011), 384.
  11. ^ Kitikmeot Inuit Association. “LAND CLAIMS”. Kitikmeot Inuit Association, http://kitia.ca/en/our-lands/land-claims (January 14, 2015).
  12. ^ Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada (1997). “Amendments to the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement”. Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100030970/1100100030971 (January 14, 2015).