Oceano, California

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Oceano
census-designated place
Location in San Luis Obispo County and the state of California
Location in San Luis Obispo County and the state of California
Coordinates: 35°6′10″N 120°36′41″W / 35.10278°N 120.61139°W / 35.10278; -120.61139Coordinates: 35°6′10″N 120°36′41″W / 35.10278°N 120.61139°W / 35.10278; -120.61139
Country  United States
State  California
County San Luis Obispo
Area[1]
 • Total 1.547 sq mi (4.006 km2)
 • Land 1.532 sq mi (3.967 km2)
 • Water 0.015 sq mi (0.039 km2)  0.98%
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,286
 • Density 4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 93445, 93475
Area code(s) 805
FIPS code 06-53294
GNIS feature ID 1652760

Oceano (/ʃiˈɑːn/ or /siˈɑːn/; Spanish: [oˈθeano]) is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Luis Obispo County, California, United States. The population was 7,286 at the 2010 census, up from 7,260 at the 2000 census. "Océano" (with accent) is the Spanish word for "ocean", but the toponymic name is written without it.

Geography[edit]

Oceano Dunes State Vehicular Recreation Area

Oceano is located at 35°6′10″N 120°36′41″W / 35.10278°N 120.61139°W / 35.10278; -120.61139 (35.102680, -120.611471).[2]

Oceano is part of the 5 Cities Metropolitan Area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), of which, 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of it is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) of it (0.98%) is water.

Oceano's beach is the Oceano Dunes State Vehicular Recreation Area, a 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) coastal sand dune. As the only state park in California where visitors may drive vehicles on the beach, tourists are attracted from all over the United States. Activities on this beach include riding the sand dunes on all-terrain-vehicles, swimming, clamming, camping, surfing, surf fishing, hiking, and bird watching.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[3] reported that Oceano had a population of 7,286. The population density was 4,710.2 people per square mile (1,818.6/km²). The ethnic makeup of Oceano was 5,105 (70.1%) White, 62 (0.9%) African American, 120 (1.6%) Native American, 165 (2.3%) Asian, 7 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,509 (20.7%) from other races, and 318 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,484 persons (47.8%).

The Census reported that 7,286 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 2,603 households, out of which 904 (34.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,147 (44.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 360 (13.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 197 (7.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 197 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 38 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 680 households (26.1%) were made up of individuals and 266 (10.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 1,704 families (65.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.39.

The population was spread out with 1,738 people (23.9%) under the age of 18, 747 people (10.3%) aged 18 to 24, 2,028 people (27.8%) aged 25 to 44, 1,870 people (25.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 903 people (12.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.4 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.

There were 3,117 housing units at an average density of 2,015.1 per square mile (778.0/km²), of which 1,355 (52.1%) were owner-occupied, and 1,248 (47.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 3,444 people (47.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,842 people (52.7%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 7,260 people, 2,447 households, and 1,722 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,774.4 people per square mile (1,844.1/km²). There were 2,762 housing units at an average density of 1,816.4 per square mile (701.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 68.73% White, 1.12% African American, 1.29% Native American, 1.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 21.78% from other races, and 5.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.63% of the population.

There were 2,447 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.50.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $38,014, and the median income for a family was $39,254. Males had a median income of $28,180 versus $21,310 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,561. About 14.1% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Oceano is located in the 15th Senate District, represented by Republican Abel Maldonado, and in the 33rd Assembly District, represented by Republican Sam Blakeslee. Federally, Oceano is located in California's 23rd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +9[5] and is represented by Democrat Lois Capps.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 

External links[edit]