Odo of Metz
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Eudes (also Oto, Odo, Odon) of Metz (742–814) was an architect who lived during Charlemagne's reign in the Carolingian Empire, and is the earliest known architect born north of the Alps. He was possibly of Armenian origin.
His Carolingian architecture with polygonal plans and elaborate elevations of the buildings he created are a reminiscence of the Basilica of San Vitale of Ravenna and late Roman architecture with Byzantine style. It is unknown whether he saw these buildings himself, or only drawings of them.
- Ching, Francis D. K.; Jarzombek, Mark M.; Prakash, Vikramaditya (2007). A Global History of Architecture. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 317. ISBN 9781118007396. "In 806-811, the Armenian architect, Oton Matsaetsi, built the church of Germigny-des-Prés in France."
- Dézélus, Robert (1989). L'art de Transcaucasie (in French). Vienna: Edition Méchithariste. p. 274. "L'arménien Eudes de Metz construisit la chapelle palatine d'Aix et l'église de Germigny-des-Prés."
- Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, Volumes 83-86. Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. 1964. p. 69. "Eudes de Metz, the architect is said to have been Armenian."