Oeno Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of Oeno Island
Oeno
Oenosatellite.png
Satellite photo of Oeno Island
Geography
Location Southern Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 23°55′36″S 130°44′14″W / 23.92667°S 130.73722°W / -23.92667; -130.73722Coordinates: 23°55′36″S 130°44′14″W / 23.92667°S 130.73722°W / -23.92667; -130.73722
Total islands 2–3
Area 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi)
Country
Demographics
Population Unhabitated
Oeno is located in Pacific Ocean
Oeno
Oeno
Location of Oeno Island in the Pacific Ocean
Map of Pitcairn Islands

Oeno Island (/ˈn/ oh-EE-noh)[1] or Holiday Island is a coral atoll in the South Pacific Ocean, part of the Pitcairn Islands overseas territory.

Geography[edit]

Located 143 kilometres (89 mi) northwest of Pitcairn Island, at 23°55′26″S 130°44′03″W / 23.92389°S 130.73417°W / -23.92389; -130.73417. Oeno Atoll measures about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) in diameter, including the central lagoon, with a total area exceeding 20 square kilometres (7.7 sq mi). There are two larger and three smaller islets on or within the rim of the atoll. Their aggregate land area is only 0.69 square kilometres (170 acres). Oeno Island serves as a private holiday site for the few residents of Pitcairn Island, who will travel there and stay for two weeks in January.[2]

The main island (Oeno), about 0.5 square kilometres (120 acres) in area, has forest and scrub with pandanus and palm trees. It is located in the southwest part of the atoll's lagoon. There is a water tap installed on the island.[3] The maximum elevation is less than 5 metres (16 ft). Sandy Island (or Islands) is to the northeast and may be an ephemeral island. Three smaller islets are to the south and west of the main island.

Important Bird Area[edit]

The island has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area (IBA) principally for its colony of Murphy's Petrels, which, at some 12,500 pairs, is estimated to be the second largest colony of these birds in the world.[4]

History[edit]

June 1819
Captain James Henderson of the British East India Company ship Hercules sights Oeno Island.
26 January 1824
Captain George Worth aboard the American whaler Oeno names the atoll after his ship.
5 March 1858
The Wild Wave, a 1500 ton clipper ship sailing from San Francisco, is wrecked on Oeno's reef.[5]
1875
The Khandeish is wrecked on Oeno[6]
23 August 1883
The Oregon is wrecked on Oeno
April 1893
The Bowdon is wrecked on Oeno
10 July 1902
Oeno annexed by the United Kingdom
1938
Incorporated into the Pitcairn Islands colony
1997
Polynesian Rats exterminated

References[edit]

  1. ^ The name is not Polynesian but Greek. The island was named after the whaling ship Œno /ˈn/. However, the islanders pronounce as if each vowel letter were a syllable, as in Polynesian names.
  2. ^ South Pacific & Micronesia. Lonely Planet. 2006. p. 427. ISBN 1-74104-304-2. Unless you've got your own yacht, your only chance of getting to Oeno is in January, when Pitcairners fit out two of their longboats with essential supplies and swap everyday life on Pitcairn for a fortnight's summer holiday on Oeno. 
  3. ^ Fresh water is pumped out of a well dug in the sand – library.puc.edu
  4. ^ BirdLife International. "Oeno Island". Sites - Important Bird Areas (IBAs). Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  5. ^ http://www.winthrop.dk/wildwave.html
  6. ^ Silverman, David (1967). Pitcairn Island. Cleveland, Ohio: World Publishing Company. p. 125. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 

External links[edit]