Oh! Calcutta! original soundtrack cover
|Music||Peter Schickele, Robert Dennis and Stanley Walden|
|Lyrics||Peter Schickele, Robert Dennis and Stanley Walden|
|Productions||1969 New York
1970 West End
1976 Broadway revival
Oh! Calcutta! is an avant-garde theatrical revue, created by British drama critic Kenneth Tynan. The show, consisting of sketches on sex-related topics, debuted Off-Broadway in 1969 and then in London in 1970. It ran in London for over 3,900 performances, and in New York initially for 1,314. Revivals enjoyed even longer runs, including a Broadway revival that ran for 5,959 performances, making the show the longest-running revue in Broadway history at the time.
As of 2012, its revival was still the seventh longest-running show in Broadway history, the second longest-running revival, after Chicago, and the fourth longest-running American production ever on Broadway, after Chicago, A Chorus Line and The Lion King.
The show sparked considerable controversy at the time, because it featured extended scenes of total nudity, both male and female. The title is taken from a painting by Clovis Trouille, itself a pun on "O quel cul t'as!" French for "What an arse you have!".
Background and productions
Tynan had hoped that Harold Pinter would direct the production, in order to give it avant-garde legitimacy, but Pinter declined. Sketches were written by, amongst others, Nobel prize winner Samuel Beckett, John Lennon, Sam Shepard, Leonard Melfi, Edna O'Brien, Jules Feiffer, and Tynan himself, and featured the cast naked. Peter Schickele (aka "PDQ Bach"), Robert Dennis and Stanley Walden were the revue's composers, known as The Open Window. Beckett's contribution, Breath, was used as a Prologue in the original New York staging, but Beckett eventually withdrew permission for its use.
The musical opened off-Broadway at the Eden Theatre on June 21, 1969, transferred to the Belasco Theatre on February 17, 1971, and closed on August 12, 1972 after a total of 1,314 performances. It was directed by Jacques Levy, the songwriting partner of Bob Dylan on his album Desire, and choreographed by Margo Sappington. The cast included Raina Barrett, Mark Dempsey, Katie Drew-Wilkinson, Boni Enten, Bill Macy, Alan Rachins, Leon Russom, Margo Sappington, Nancy Tribush and George Welbes, as well as the 3 "Open Window" composers.
The musical premiered in London on July 27, 1970 at The Roundhouse, and transferred to the West End Royalty Theatre on September 30, 1970, running through January 27, 1974. The show then transferred to the Duchess Theatre on January 28, 1974, where it ran until 1980, for a total of 3,918 performances.
A revival opened on Broadway at the Edison Theatre on September 24, 1976 and closed on August 6, 1989 after 5,959 performances, again directed and choreographed by Levy and Sappington. The revival briefly became the longest-running show in Broadway history. It remains Broadway's seventh longest-running show and the longest-running revue in Broadway history.
A pay-per-view video production played on closed-circuit TV in select cities in 1971, and was released theatrically in 1972; in both cases many cities and municipalities banned its showing. Frank Herold, an editor who worked on the film, provides commentary on this in a brief post he contributed to the project's IMDB page.
The Spanish-language premiere production opened on October 9, 1977 at Teatro Principe in Madrid, Spain, directed by Juan Jose Alonso Millan, who also translated the show.
Sketches and songs
Note: the musical revue was in the form of sketches. These are taken from the 1971 production shown on pay-per-view. Lyrics and music by Robert Dennis, Peter Schickele and Stanley Walden (unless otherwise noted).
- Samuel Beckett's "Breath" (until license withdrawn by author)
- Taking Off the Robe
The actors dance and remove their robes to the opening song ("Taking Off the Robe" (Oh! Calcutta!)).
- Jack and Jill
A boy and a girl who just met are in their own playland, with the boy constantly trying to find ways to seduce the girl who is afraid of him because he's a boy. The sketch ends with the girl in a coma after the boy rapes her ("Jack & Jill").
- A Suite of Five Letters
A song of five letters written by anonymous authors about their sexual preferences ("Suite for Five Letters"). Actually they were ads from various newspapers from olden times in London and later in the Suite, contemporary ads from sexual newspaper ads of the day.
- Dick and Jane
An uptight girl gets a lesson in loosening up after her lover is sick of her constantly stiff ways ("Dick & Jane").
- Will Answer All Serious Replies
A young couple start to rethink getting into the swingers lifestyle after meeting the middle-aged couple who answer their ad ("(Will Answer All) Sincere Replies").
- Delicious Indignities
A chaste woman is caught by her admirer, who then proceeds to learn that she isn't as chaste as he thinks she is ("Delicious Indignities (or The Deflowering of Helen Axminster") was written by Sherman Yellen).
- Was It Good for You, Too?
A man participates in a sex study and the whole experience ends up turning into one big farce ("Was It Good For You Too? (Green Pants, I Like the Look)"). The scene plays like the Marx Brothers at a sex research facility.
- "Who,Whom (Exchanges of Information)" (Added during run)
- Life Is Over Much Too Soon
A pre-filmed section, where the actors are nude outside doing interpretive dance ("Much Too Soon"), music and lyrics by Jacques Levy, Dennis, Schickele, and Walden.
- One on One
Another nude interpretive dance ("One on One (Clarence and Mildred)").
- Rock Garden
After a man rambles on about painting the fence and building a rock garden, his son talks about what girls really like ("Rock Garden").
- Four in Hand
Players come out to sing the final song and dance, also doing voiceover as to what the theater patrons are really thinking about the experience. Examples include: "She has pretty eyes" (the joke being that all of the actors are nude at this point), "How come none of the guys have hard-ons?" "That's my boyfriend—that IS a hard-on", and "If they showed this in Washington, Agnew would shit!" ("Coming Together, Going Together").
Clive Barnes, in his 1969 New York Times review, wrote that "the humor is so doggedly sophomoric and soporific", adding "The failure here is almost exclusively a failure of the writers and the producers. The director, Jacques Levy, has done his best with the weak material at hand...the nude scenes, while derivative, are attractive enough. The best effects—including the rather sweet grope-in immediately after the intermission—have been taken from Robert Joffrey's ballet 'Astarte,' and the show uses the same projected media designers...In sum, 'Oh! Calcutta!' is likely to disappoint different people in different ways, but disappointment is the order of the night."
- Front piece, OH! CALCUTTA!, Copyright 1969 by Grove Press, Inc.
- Oh!Calcutta! listing guidetomusicaltheatre.com, accessed July 31, 2009
- Oh Calcutta West End listing broadwayworld.com, accessed July 31, 2009
- Duchess Theatre history duchess-theatre.co.uk, accessed July 31, 2009
- Rich, Frank."The Asterisks of Oh Calcutta"New York Times, August 8, 1989
- Oh!Calcuta! imdb.com
-  ibdb.com
-  specialsections.absoluteelsewhere.net
- Barnes, Clive. "Theater: 'Oh, Calcutta!' a Most Innocent Dirty Show". The New York Times, June 18, 1969.
- Oh, Calcutta! - June 17, 1969 original - Internet Broadway Data Base (IBDB page)
- Oh, Calcutta! - Sept 24, 1976 revival - Internet Broadway Data Base (IBDB page)
- Oh, Calcutta! - film of 1969 original - Internet Movie Data Base (IMDB page)
- Review of DVD release on DVD Verdict
- BroadwayWorld listing