Ohio Constitutional Convention (1802)
The Enabling Act of 1802 was passed on April 30, 1802 by the Seventh Congress of the United States. This act authorized the residents of the eastern portion of the Northwest Territory to form the state of Ohio and join the U.S. on an equal footing with the other states. In doing so it also established the precedent and procedures for creation of future states in the western territories.
Ohio was the first state to be created out of the Northwest Territories, as established by the Northwest Ordinance in 1787 in an act of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation. The Northwest Ordinance laid out the conditions for the creation of a state from a territory. By the Census of 1800, the easternmost part of the Northwest Territories had reached a population of 45,365 and it was believed it would reach the required 60,000 by 1803, when statehood would be achieved. The Enabling Act of 1802 set forth the legal mechanisms and authorized the people of Ohio to begin this process.
Elections of delegates were held in the various counties of the Eastern District of the Northwest Territory in 1802, and the delegates met from November 1 to November 29, 1802 to choose a name for the state and draft a state constitution.
List of delegates
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Those who ratified the constitution November 29, 1802:
- Edward Tiffin, President and delegate of Ross County
- Adams County
- Belmont County
- Clermont County
- Philip Gatch • James Sargent
- Fairfield County
- Henry Abrams • Emanuel Carpenter
- Hamilton County
- Jefferson County
- Rudolph Bair • George Humphrey • John Milligan • Nathan Updegraff
- Bezaleel Wells
- Ross County
- Trumbull County
- David Abbot • Samuel Huntington
- Washington County
- Wayne County was left out of participating by the Congress. This was because it was populated by Federalists who would oppose statehood, while the apportionment was by the opposing party, according to one author.
- Austin, William Lane; Teele, Ray Palmer (1920). Fourteenth census of the United States 1. p. 21. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
- "First Constitutional Convention, Convened November 1, 1802". Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications V: 131–132. 1896.
- Laning, J.F. (1896). "The Evolution of Ohio Counties". Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications V: 346.
- Milligan, Fred J. (2003). Ohio's Founding Fathers. Lincoln NE: iUniverse. ISBN 0-595-75039-7. OCLC 53472872. - biographies of the above participants.