Order of Isabella the Catholic
|Order of Isabella the Catholic|
|The order as awarded to Roald Amundsen for his South Pole Expedition|
|Awarded by His Majesty The King of Spain|
|Type||Civil Order of Merit|
|Awarded for||Services that benefit Spain|
|Grand Master||Felipe VI|
|Chancellor||Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Established||14 March 1815|
|Next (higher)||Order of Charles III|
|Next (lower)||Order of Civil Merit|
|Sash of "Collar" / Ribbon of the Order|
The Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spanish: Orden de Isabel la Católica) is a Spanish civil order granted in recognition of services that benefit the country. The Order is not exclusive to Spaniards, and many foreigners have been awarded it.
The Order was created on 14 March 1815 by King Ferdinand VII of Spain in honor of Queen Isabella I of Castile with the name of "Royal and American Order of Isabella the Catholic" with the intent of "rewarding the firm allegiance to Spain and the merits of Spanish citizens and foreigners in good standing with the Nation and especially in those exceptional services provided in pursuit of territories in America and overseas." The Order was reorganized by royal decree on 26 July 1847, as the modern "Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic" with a broader focus than the Americas.
Officials and grades
The King of Spain (currently Felipe VI) is Grand Master of the Order. The Chancellor of the Order is the Minister of Foreign Affairs. All deeds granting decorations of the Order must bear the signatures of both. Beneath these two officials of the Order, there are currently several grades:
- First Class
- Second Class
- Third Class
- Fourth Class
- Fifth Class
- Sixth Class
- Silver Medal (Medalla de Plata)
- Bronze Medal (Medalla de Bronce)
The original statues of the order of 24 March 1815 established the order in three classes. The structure of the order has varied several times since then. The following is a summary of the history of the various grades and medals of the order:
- Knights of the Collar (Caballeros del Collar) – Established 22 June 1927.
- Knights Grand Cross (Caballeros Gran Cruz) – Established 24 March 1815.
- Knight First Class (Caballeros de Primera Clase) – Established 24 March 1815, retitled Commander (Comdador) on 24 July 1815.
- Officer (Oficial) – Established 10 October 1931, abolished 15 June 1938 and restored 5 June 1971.
- Knight Second Class (Caballeros de Segunda Clase) – Established 24 March 1815, retiled Knight (Caballeros) on 24 July 1815.
- Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata) – Established 16 March 1903 to reward civil and palace officials.
- Gold Medal with Laureate (Medal de Oro pero Laureada) – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to European sergeants and enlisted men. Subsequently abolished.
- Gold Medal (Medal de Oro) – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to non-European 'natives'. Subsequently abolished.
- Silver Medal (Medal de Plata) – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials.
- Bronze Medal (Medal de Bronce) – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials.
Women appointed to an applicable grade are not called Knights (Caballeros). Women are instead appointed as Dames of the Collar (Damas del Collar), Dames Grand Cross (Damas Gran Cruz) or Dame's Cross (Cruz de Damas).
The decoration is a red-enameled cross, with a golden frame. The outer peaks are fitted with small gold balls. The center of the medallion contains the inscription "A La Lealtad Acrisolada" (To Proven Loyalty) and "Por Isabel la Católica" (For Isabella the Catholic) on white enamel. Above the cross is a green enameled laurel wreath with the band ring.
The ribbon is yellow with a white central stripe, except the "Collar" for which the wearing of the collar can be replaced by a gold-yellow sash with white stripes on the edges.
|Collar||Collar Grade Star||Grand Cross Star||Commander by Number||Commander|
|Officer's Cross||Dame-Officer's Bow
|Knight's Cross||Dame Bow
|Silver Cross||Dame's Silver Cross Bow
|Silver Medal||Dame's Silver Medal Bow
|Dame's Bronze Medal Bow
- Real y Americana Orden de Isabel la Católica
- "premiar la lealtad acrisolada a España y los méritos de ciudadanos españoles y extranjeros en bien de la Nación y muy especialmente en aquellos servicios excepcionales prestados en favor de la prosperidad de los territorios americanos y ultramarinos"
- "Real Decreto 2395/1998, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica". Minesterio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperacion website (in Spanish). Government of Spain. 11 June 1998. Retrieved 5 September 2005.1998 Statutes of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
- De Ceballos-Escalera y Gila, Alfonso; Almudena de Arteaga y del Alcázar, Fernando Fernández-Miranda y Lozana (1997). "The Royal (American) Order of Isabella the Catholic". Great Orders of Chivalry, Royalty and Nobility website (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Essay on the history of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
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