Order of Isabella the Catholic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Order of Isabella the Catholic
Spain Order Of Isabella The Catholic.JPG
The order as awarded to Roald Amundsen for his South Pole Expedition
Awarded by His Majesty The King of Spain
Type Civil Order of Merit
Awarded for Services that benefit Spain
Grand Master Felipe VI
Chancellor Minister of Foreign Affairs
Established 14 March 1815
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of Charles III
Next (lower) Order of Civil Merit
Order of Isabella the Catholic - Sash of Collar.svg ESP Isabella Catholic Order CROSS.svg
Sash of "Collar" / Ribbon of the Order
Collar granted to Czech President Václav Havel.

The Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spanish: Orden de Isabel la Católica) is a Spanish civil order granted in recognition of services that benefit the country. The Order is not exclusive to Spaniards, and many foreigners have been awarded it.

History[edit]

The Order was created on 14 March 1815 by King Ferdinand VII of Spain in honor of Queen Isabella I of Castile with the name of "Royal and American Order of Isabella the Catholic"[1] with the intent of "rewarding the firm allegiance to Spain and the merits of Spanish citizens and foreigners in good standing with the Nation and especially in those exceptional services provided in pursuit of territories in America and overseas."[2] The Order was reorganized by royal decree on 26 July 1847, as the modern "Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic" with a broader focus than the Americas.

Officials and grades[edit]

The King of Spain (currently Felipe VI) is Grand Master of the Order. The Chancellor of the Order is the Minister of Foreign Affairs. All deeds granting decorations of the Order must bear the signatures of both. Beneath these two officials of the Order, there are currently several grades:

  • First Class
  • Order of Isabella the Catholic - Sash of Collar.svg Knight of the Collar (Caballeros del Collar) (limited to 25 people)
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order GC.svg Knight Grand Cross (Caballeros Gran Cruz) (limited to 500 people)
  • Second Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order COM NUM.svg Commander by Number (Encomienda de Número) (limited to 800 people)
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order COM.svg Commander (Encomienda)
  • Third Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order OFF.svg Officer's Cross (Cruz de Oficial)
  • Fourth Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order CROSS.svg Knight's Cross (Cruz de Caballeros)
  • Fifth Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order SILV CROSS.svg Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata)
  • Sixth Class
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order SILV MEDAL.svg Silver Medal (Medalla de Plata)
  • ESP Isabella Catholic Order BZ MEDAL.svg Bronze Medal (Medalla de Bronce)[3]

The original statues of the order of 24 March 1815 established the order in three classes. The structure of the order has varied several times since then. The following is a summary of the history of the various grades and medals of the order:

  • Knights of the Collar (Caballeros del Collar) – Established 22 June 1927.
  • Knights Grand Cross (Caballeros Gran Cruz) – Established 24 March 1815.
  • Knight First Class (Caballeros de Primera Clase) – Established 24 March 1815, retitled Commander (Comdador) on 24 July 1815.
  • Officer (Oficial) – Established 10 October 1931, abolished 15 June 1938 and restored 5 June 1971.
  • Knight Second Class (Caballeros de Segunda Clase) – Established 24 March 1815, retiled Knight (Caballeros) on 24 July 1815.
  • Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata) – Established 16 March 1903 to reward civil and palace officials.
  • Gold Medal with Laureate (Medal de Oro pero Laureada) – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to European sergeants and enlisted men. Subsequently abolished.
  • Gold Medal (Medal de Oro) – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to non-European 'natives'. Subsequently abolished.
  • Silver Medal (Medal de Plata) – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials.
  • Bronze Medal (Medal de Bronce) – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials.[4]

Women appointed to an applicable grade are not called Knights (Caballeros). Women are instead appointed as Dames of the Collar (Damas del Collar), Dames Grand Cross (Damas Gran Cruz) or Dame's Cross (Cruz de Damas).[3]

Order Decoration[edit]

The decoration is a red-enameled cross, with a golden frame. The outer peaks are fitted with small gold balls. The center of the medallion contains the inscription "A La Lealtad Acrisolada" (To Proven Loyalty) and "Por Isabel la Católica" (For Isabella the Catholic) on white enamel. Above the cross is a green enameled laurel wreath with the band ring.

The ribbon is yellow with a white central stripe,[5] except the "Collar" for which the wearing of the collar can be replaced by a gold-yellow sash with white stripes on the edges.

Insignia
Collar of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Star of the Collar Grand Cross Grade of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Insignia, Grand Cross and Star of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Star of the Commander by Number Grade of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Insignia of the Commander Grade of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Collar Collar Grade Star Grand Cross Star Commander by Number Commander
Optional Dame's Bow of Commander Commander Grade of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Officer's Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Optional Dame's Bow of Officer of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Knight's Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Optional Dame's Bow of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Dame-Commander Bow
(Optional)
Officer's Cross Dame-Officer's Bow
(Optional)
Knight's Cross Dame Bow
(Optional)
Silver Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Optional Dame's Bow of the Silver Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Silver Medal of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Optional Dame's Bow of the Silver Medal of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Bronze Medal of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Silver Cross Dame's Silver Cross Bow
(Optional)
Silver Medal Dame's Silver Medal Bow
(Optional)
Bronze Medal
Optional Dame's Bow of the Bronze Medal of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.svg
Dame's Bronze Medal Bow
(Optional)

Notable members[edit]

References and links[edit]

  1. ^ Real y Americana Orden de Isabel la Católica
  2. ^ "premiar la lealtad acrisolada a España y los méritos de ciudadanos españoles y extranjeros en bien de la Nación y muy especialmente en aquellos servicios excepcionales prestados en favor de la prosperidad de los territorios americanos y ultramarinos"
  3. ^ a b "Real Decreto 2395/1998, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica". Minesterio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperacion website (in Spanish). Government of Spain. 11 June 1998. Retrieved 5 September 2005. 1998 Statutes of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
  4. ^ De Ceballos-Escalera y Gila, Alfonso; Almudena de Arteaga y del Alcázar, Fernando Fernández-Miranda y Lozana (1997). "The Royal (American) Order of Isabella the Catholic". Great Orders of Chivalry, Royalty and Nobility website (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 5 September 2010.  Essay on the history of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
  5. ^ Spain: Order of Isabella the Catholic
  6. ^ Liliuokalani. Hawaii's Story By Hawaii's Queen
  7. ^ Caleb Grain (2006) American Literary History 18 (4): pp. 659-94 The Courtship of Henry Wikoff
  8. ^ Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands, A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
  9. ^ Jan Szczepanik - "Polish Edison"
  10. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur C. (1929). Armorial Families, Vol. 2, Seventh Ed., London: Hurst & Blackett, Ltd., p. 90.
  11. ^ La Vanguardia 24 September 1970
  12. ^ "ARGENTINA: A Medal for Eva". Time. 5 May 1947. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  13. ^ Concesión de motivo leí Día de la Victoria' Informacion Nacional. 1 April 1959. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  14. ^ La Vanguardia 5 March 1976
  15. ^ Imagenes
  16. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 5 April 1965
  17. ^ Fallece hispanista alemán Peter Bloch
  18. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 13 November 1969
  19. ^ Sadam Husein y la medalla de la que nunca se habló
  20. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 10 December 1974
  21. ^ Awards and Honours of Basma bint Talal
  22. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 9 May 1977
  23. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  24. ^ Baldomera: Las pequeñas estaturas, About the Author section.
  25. ^ El Colegio Nacional: Miembros
  26. ^ Joseph Pérez biography
  27. ^ The Varsitarian Website. UST Historian named Master of Theology 1 May 2012.
  28. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 December 1985
  29. ^ Dulce María Loynaz: Cronología
  30. ^ Biografía Alicia Alonso
  31. ^ Entrevista Exclusiva con Gustavo Cisneros: El Rey del Entretenimiento
  32. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 1 April 1995.
  33. ^ Los Romero Conciertos Daniel. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  34. ^ Queering the Popular Pitch. By Whiteley, Sheila and Rycenga, Jennifer.
  35. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 7 May 2004
  36. ^ Recibirá Soriano Orden Isabel la Católica de España
  37. ^ Referencia del Consejo de Ministros, 25 April 2007.
  38. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007 (Traian).
  39. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007 (Maria).
  40. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007.
  41. ^ Condecoraciones embajada de Espana April 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  42. ^ Nacion, 28 November 2007
  43. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  44. ^ a b c d Boletín Oficial del Estado, 1 August 2008.
  45. ^ a b c d Mexicanos reciben la Gran Cruz de Isabel La Católica
  46. ^ King of Spain to bestow Spanish knighthood on Lt. Governor Owen
  47. ^ Medalla para Fortuño, El Vocero de Puerto Rico
  48. ^ [1]