Order of the Phoenix (Greece)

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Order of the Phoenix
Τάγμα του Φοίνικος
Phoenixhellas.jpg
Grand Cross and Star of the Order of the Phoenix, III. type
Awarded by the President of the Hellenic Republic
Type Order
Motto Εκ της τέφρας μου αναγεννώμαι
Awarded for excellence in the public sphere or raising Greece's international standing
Status Currently constituted
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Grand Cross, Grand Commander, Commander, Golden Cross, Silver Cross
Established 13 May 1926
Precedence
Next (higher) Order of George I
(Kingdom)

Order of Honour
(Republic today)

Next (lower) Order of Beneficence
GRE Order of the Phoenix - Silver Cross BAR.png
Ribbon bar of the Silver Cross of the Order of the Phoenix

The Order of the Phoenix (Greek: Τάγμα του Φοίνικος) is an order of Greece, established on May 13, 1926, by the republican government of the Second Hellenic Republic to replace the defunct Royal Order of George I. The Order was retained by the revived Monarchy after 1935, and continues to be awarded by the current Third Republic.

The Order is bestowed by the Greek government to Greek citizens who have excelled in the arts and literature, science, public administration, shipping, commerce, and industry. It is also awarded to foreigners who have helped raise Greece's international prestige.

Grades[edit]

The Order has five classes:

  • GRE Order of the Phoenix - Grand Cross BAR.png Grand Cross ('Μεγαλόσταυρος') - wears the badge of the Order on a sash on the right shoulder, and the star of the Order on the left chest;
  • GRE Order of the Phoenix - Grand Commander BAR.png Knight Commander or Grand Commander ('Ανώτερος Ταξιάρχης') - wears the badge of the Order on a necklet, and the star of the Order on the left chest;
  • GRE Order of the Phoenix - Commander BAR.png Commander ('Ταξιάρχης') - wears the badge of the Order on a necklet;
  • GRE Order of the Phoenix - Gold Cross BAR.png Officer or Gold Cross ('Χρυσούς Σταυρός') - wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest;
  • GRE Order of the Phoenix - Silver Cross BAR.png Member or Silver Cross ('Αργυρούς Σταυρός') - wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest.

Insignia[edit]

Silver Cross of the Order of the Phoenix, I. type (1926–1935)
Star of the Order of the Phoenix with swords.

The badge of the Order is a white-enameled cross, in silver for the Silver Cross class, in gold for the higher classes, with the Phoenix (symbolizing the rebirth of the Hellenic nation) at the centre. A five-pointed star is at the upper arm of the cross. The first version of the Order (1926–1935) featured the letters "E-T-T-A" in Byzantine uncial on each arm of the cross, the initials of the motto Εκ της τέφρας μου αναγεννώμαι ("From my ashes I am reborn"). During the Monarchy (1935–1974) the letters were removed and the badge was topped by a crown, while the badge's reverse side featured the monogram of the reigning monarch. The current version (since 1975) omits the crown, while the reverse features the Greek National Emblem with the words ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ ("Hellenic Republic").

The star of the Order is a silver eight-pointed star with straight rays, with the phoenix at the centre; during the Monarchy it was topped by a crown.

The ribbon of the Order is orange with black edges.

Crossed swords on the insignia indicate that the award was given in the military division of the Order.

Holders[edit]

Holder Date Grade
Gjergj Fishta 1931 -
Sir Julien Cahn [1] 1931 Knight Commander
Henry Vollam Morton 1937 Commander
Nicholas Hammond [2] 1946 Officer (with swords)
Thomas Dunbabin [3] 1946 (with swords)
Beatrice Ashley Chanler[4] 1946 -
Sir Arthur Coningham [5] 1946 Grand Cross
Canon J.A. Douglas[6] 1949 -
Constantine II of Greece 1950 Grand Cross
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh 1950 Grand Cross
Sir Robert James Hudson [7] 1950 Grand Commander
Sir Allan Ross Welsh [8] 1950 Grand Commander
Mark Mindler - -
Gavin Merrick Long 1956 Officer
Dr. Joze Brilej Grand Cross
Carl Foreman [9] 1962 -
Elizabeth II of United Kingdom 1963 Grand Cross
Harald V of Norway 1964 Grand Cross
Odysseas Elytis 1965 Commander
John S. Latsis 1965 Grand Cross
Arne Skaug unknown Commander
Stavros Niarchos 1977 Commander
Max van der Stoel 1977 Grand Cross
Mounir Abou Fadel 1984 Grand Commander
Manolis Andronikos 1992
Dimitrios Κοntoumas 1993 Grand Commander
Marianne McDonald 1994 Commander
Manuel Aroney 1998 Commander
Eleni Bakopanos 1999 Commander
Karl Buckthought 1999 Commander
John Cannis 1999 Commander
Peter Delefes 1999 Commander
Philippe Deane Gigantes 1999 Commander
Jim Karygiannis 1999 Commander
Ken Pontikes 1999 Commander
Christos Sirros 1999 Commander
Angelos Delivorias 2000 Commander
Grigoris Bithikotsis 2003 Officer
Rena Vlahopoulou 2003 Officer
H.E. Dušan T. Bataković 2005 Grand Cross
Sir Patrick Leigh Fermor 2007 Commander
Thanasis Veggos 2008 Commander
Paul Sarbanes 2008 Grand Cross
H.E. Vahram Kazhoyan 2009 Grand Cross
Angelos Chaniotis 2013 Commander
Malcolm H. Wiener 2014 Officer
Yehuda Poliker 2014
Frangoulis Frangos unknown Knight Commander
Josef Pták unknown Officer

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Manchester Guardian GIFT OF NEWSTEAD ABBEY, 17 July 1931
  2. ^ The Manchester Guardian, NEW HEADMASTER OF CLIFTON, 9 June 1954
  3. ^ The Manchester Guardian, Births, Deaths, Marriages, 9 June 1954
  4. ^ Thomas, Lately. The Astor Orphans: A Pride of Lions, W. Morrow, 1971; p. 318.
  5. ^ http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/1946/1946%20-%201972.html
  6. ^ The Manchester Guardian, OBITUARY Canon J.A. Douglas, 5 July 1956
  7. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/39011/pages/4485/page.pdf London Gazette, Tuesday 5 September, 1950
  8. ^ http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/39011/pages/4485/page.pdf London Gazette, Tuesday 5 September, 1950
  9. ^ The Guardian Very special privilege: Tuesday night, 11 July 1962

External links[edit]