Overseas Development Institute

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Overseas Development Institute logo.png
Abbreviation ODI
Motto To inspire and inform policy and practice which lead to the reduction of poverty, the alleviation of suffering and the achievement of sustainable livelihoods in developing countries
Formation 1960
Type Think Tank
Headquarters 203 Blackfriars Road London SE1 8NJ
Location
Website http://www.odi.org.uk

The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is an independent think tank on international development and humanitarian issues, founded in 1960. Based in London, its mission is "to inspire and inform policy and practice which lead to the reduction of poverty, the alleviation of suffering and the achievement of sustainable livelihoods in developing countries." It does this by "locking together high-quality applied research, practical policy advice, and policy-focused dissemination and debate."[1]

History[edit]

In 1960 ODI began in small premises in Regent's Park, central London and operated a library devoted to international development issues as well as performing consultancy work and contracts with the Department for International Development (then known as the Overseas Development Agency) of the UK government.[2] Since then it has moved several times and is currently[when?] on Blackfriars Road.[3]

Since 2004 it has had a Partnership Programme Arrangement with the UK's Department for International Development.[4]

In July 2007, ODI was named 'Think Tank of the Year 2007' by Public Affairs News magazine.[5] It was named 'Think-tank to Watch' in the Prospect 'Think-tank of the Year' awards in 2005.[citation needed]

It celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2010, with guests including former ODI Fellow and current UK Business Secretary, Vince Cable.[6][7]

Organization[edit]

As of 2014 ODI had more than 230 staff.[8] Its director since 2013 has been Kevin Watkins who took over from Dr Alison Evans, formerly of the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at Sussex University.[9] Unlike its counterpart IDS, ODI does not engage in teaching. As of 2012 ODI had the following 10 programmes that focus on aspects of international development:[10]

  • Centre for Aid and Public Expenditure (CAPE)
  • Climate Change, Environment and Forests
  • Communications (for dispersal of ODI events and publications)
  • Growth, Poverty and Inequality
  • Investment and Growth
  • Humanitarian Policy Group
  • Politics and Governance
  • Private Sector and Markets
  • Protected Livelihoods & Agricultural Growth
  • Social Development

As of January 2015 ODI had changed 'Protected Livelihoods & Agricultural Growth' into Agricultural Development and Policy and added the following 2 sections:

  • Research and Policy in Development
  • Water Policy

Event series and publications[edit]

ODI hosts regular event series with conferences/panels discussing a wide range of development issues. Speakers include ODI staff,[11] visiting development policymakers,[12] DFID officials and other prominent figures such as Justin Yifu Lin, the former World Bank Chief Economist.[13]

ODI has published many books, papers, briefings, and two leading academic journals, Development Policy Review and Disasters. In November 2013 an ODI report on fossil fuel subsidies and climate was published,[14], followed up by another report about the same topic a year later[15], which was discussed by BBC,[16], the Guardian[17] and Die Welt.[18]

Fellowship[edit]

ODI runs a fellowship scheme, which sends young postgraduate economists of all[dubious ] nationalities to work in the public sectors of developing countries in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific on two-year contracts. Since 1963 ODI has sent over 900 post-graduate economists to work in 40 mostly low-income countries. Participants were initially known as Overseas Development Institute Nuffield Fellows (ODINs) and later titled as ODI Fellows.[19]

Funding[edit]

As a registered charity, ODI's income relies on "grants and donations from foundations, non-governmental organisations, the private sector, governments, multilateral agencies and academia".

For its £28,541,000 income (USD 42,811,000 as of 1/2015) per its annual report from 2013-2014 ending 31 March 2014[20], ODI provided a list of these "major donors":[21]

Africa Progress Panel, African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Canadian International Development Agency, Care International UK, Coffey International, Crown Agents, DAI, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Australia, Department for International Development, UK Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Economic and Social Research Council UK, European Centre for Development Policy Management, European Commission, European Union, Girl Hub Rwanda, Global Development Network, Institute of Development Studies Sussex, International Development Research Centre, Irish Aid, KPMG, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Ministry of Finance, Liberia, Ministry of Finance (Netherlands), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Denmark), Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development (France), Foreign Office (Germany), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Netherlands), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Norway), Natural Environment Research Council, UK, New Venture Fund, Oak Foundation, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Oxfam, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Research Triangle Institute, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Swiss Federal Government, The Prince's Youth Business International,UN Women,UNICEF, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization, US Agency for International Development, Wiley-Blackwell, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, World Bank, World Resources Institute.

Criticism[edit]

David Steven of Global Dashboard criticized the ODI for not making the distinction between subsidy and having a lower VAT rate on fuel comparison to other goods.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Organisational information - About us - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ "at 50 - About ODI - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Contact details and directions - About us - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  4. ^ "Partnership Program Arrangement (PPA) between UK Department for International Development (DFID) and Overseas Development Institute (ODI) 2008-2001" (PDF). 
  5. ^ publicaffairsnews.com
  6. ^ "at 50 - About ODI - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. 2010-06-09. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  7. ^ "Vince Cable MP at ODI's 50th Anniversary". YouTube. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  8. ^ "About ODI - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. n.d. Retrieved 2015-01-24. 
  9. ^ "Alison Evans - Staff - About ODI - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  10. ^ "Programmes - Work - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  11. ^ "Governance for development in Africa: building on what works - Events - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  12. ^ "After 2015: new challenges in development - learning from success - Events - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  13. ^ "The role of industrial policy in development (Audio / video) - Events - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  14. ^ Shelagh Whitley November 2013. "Time to change the game Fossil fuel subsidies and climate". Overseas Development Institute date=November 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  15. ^ Elizabeth Bast, Shakuntala Makhijani, Sam Pickard, and Shelagh Whitley (November 2014). "The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal exploration" (pdf). ODI. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  16. ^ Roger Harrabin (11 November 2014). "Fossil fuel promises are being broken, report says Roger Harrabin By". BBC. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  17. ^ John Vidal (10 November 2014). "Rich countries subsidising oil, gas and coal companies by $88bn a year". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  18. ^ "Studie: Staaten zahlen Milliarden zur Erkundung von Ölvorkommen". Die Welt (WeltN24 GmbH). 11November 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  19. ^ "Fellowship Scheme - Overseas Development Institute". ODI. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  20. ^ "annual report 2013-14" (pdf). Overseas Development Institute. March 2014. p. 1. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  21. ^ "Major donors" (pdf). Overseas Development Institute. March 2014. p. 1. Retrieved 25 January 2015. 
  22. ^ "ODI calls for VAT hike on energy bills (updated: ODI fights back)". Global Dashboard. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 

External links[edit]