|Closeup—inflorescence and foliage.|
Siebold & Zucc.
Pachysandra terminalis (common names Japanese pachysandra, Japanese spurge) is a species of flowering plant in the boxwood family Buxaceae, native to Japan, Korea and China. It is a slow-growing, spreading evergreen perennial growing to 10 cm (4 in) tall by 60 cm (24 in) broad, with alternate, simple, glossy leaves, and creeping stems. The leaves may yellow in winter. When growing in a spreading mass of many plants, a dense carpet is formed.
Pachysandra terminalis is cultivated as an ornamental plant, for use as a massed groundcover, low grouped element, or accent plant in the ground. It is a suitable lower plant for container gardening, and shaded or 'northside' window boxes. It takes about three years to establish a solid groundcover in suitable climates, when new plantings are spaced 6–12 inches (15–30 cm) apart. It spreads by new plants sprouting from the spreading root system.
The plant prefers a moist and well-drained soil that is both acidic and rich. A humus amended loam (acidic pH) soil, with regular organic fertilizer applications and watering-rainfall is optimal. However, the plant is tolerant of neutral to slightly alkaline pH soils, and to periodic dryness, especially in humid and non-arid climates.
Pachysandra terminalis can be propagated by dividing and transplanting clumps, by rooting stem cuttings, or by removing plantlets that have grown through the spread of roots from the main plant.
- Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
- "RHS Plant Selector - Pachysandra terminalis 'Variegata'". Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- Ohio State University HCS: Pachysandra terminalis; botany and cultivation . accessed 8.28.2012
- USDA Plants Profile — Pachysandra terminalis (Japanese pachysandra) . accessed 8.28.2012
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- Missouri Botanical Garden: Pachysandra terminalis (Japanese pachysandra) — horticulture information.