Palatki Heritage Site

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Palatki)
Jump to: navigation, search
Palatki Heritage Site — Sinagua cliff dwellings at base of sandstone cliff.

The Palatki Heritage Site — in the Hopi language Palatki means 'red house', is an archaeological site and park located in the Coconino National Forest, near Sedona, in Arizona. [1]

History[edit]

Cliff dwellings

The Palatki site has a set of ancient cliff dwellings in the red sandstone cliffs, built from 1100 to 1400 CE by the Sinagua people of the Ancient Pueblo Peoples. The cliff dwellings were built under south-facing overhangs for shelter and winter sun. The Sinagua people planted crops and made pottery in the area.[2] Palatki and Honanki, another nearby archaeological site, had the largest cliff dwellings in the Red Rock formation area from 1150 CE to 1300 CE.[3]

Palatki consists of two separate pueblos, suggesting two family or kin groups may have lived here, one in each pueblo. The circular shield-like pictographs above the eastern pueblo have been interpreted by some archaeologists as being a kin or clan symbol.[4]

Rock art

There are pictographs and petroglyphs at the Palatki site, including some that predate the cliff dwellings. Many of the pictographs on the rock walls are from the Sinagua. However, those created by peoples of the Archaic period in North America include some of the more abstract pictograph symbols and drawings that are 3,000 to 6,000 years old, and some of the petroglyphs, estimated to be 5,000 to 6,000 years old. [2]

Archaeology

Visitation to the site for over a century has caused degradation of the archaeological elements. It was begun by 19th century Euro-American settlers, with little archaeological awareness for the area.

Photographs from the early 1900s show that an estimated 70 to 90 percent of the original structures have disappeared since then.

Access[edit]

The Palatki Heritage Site park is open to visitors 7 days a week from 9:30am to 3:00pm. There are two trails in the park, one to view the Sinagua cliff dwellings, and a second to view the pictographs and petroglyphs. [5] The trails are not handicapped accessible. [5] Purchase of a Red Rock Pass is needed for park entry. [6]

Gallery[edit]

thumb

References[edit]

External links[edit]