Palestinian casualties of war

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Casualties suffered by Palestinians in war:

Note: Article is not comprehensive. Some records of Palestinian casualties are under dispute. The criteria used for this article: Casualties inflicted by war or combat. Casualties considered to be "unnecessary deaths" not included. Graph only includes casualties of Arab Palestinians and not other actors. Bold indicates major actors.

1920–1948[edit]

Conflicts prior to Israel's independence Actors involved Combatant deaths Civilian deaths Total deaths Combatant and/or Civilian wounded Total casualties
1920 Palestine riots British Empire British Empire, Mohammad Amin al-Husayni, Ze'ev Jabotinsky. Not applicable 4 4 23 31
Jaffa riots British Empire British Army, Arab rioters. unknown unknown 48+ 73 121
1929 Palestine riots British Empire, British Army

Palestine Police Force, Betar. Arab rioters.

116 rioters[1][2] unknown 116 Arabs
133 Jews
232 Arabs
198 Jews
679
1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine British Empire British Army, Mohammad Amin al-Husayni, Haganah, Arab High Command.[3] British and Jewish forces 562; Palestinian Arabs ca.5,000 3,000–6,000[citation needed] 15,550 of which,15,000 Arab Palestinians. 18,000–24,000+
Palestine Civil War British Empire British Army, Army of the Holy War, Arab Liberation Army.Irgun, Haganah, Palmach. 400–600[4] 200–300[5] At least 720[4] 1,171 1,800

1948–2012[edit]

Conflicts Actors involved Combatant deaths Civilian deaths Total deaths Combatant and/or Civilian wounded Total casualties
1948 Arab-Israeli War, also referred to as the Catastrophe and the War of Independence or War of Liberation.[6][7] Israel Israel Defense Forces

Kingdom of Egypt

SyriaSyria

JordanJordan

LebanonLebanon

Kingdom of Iraq, Army of the Holy War, Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, Arab Liberation Army, Muslim Brotherhood, John Bagot Glubb

ca. 6,000 Israeli troops;3,700 foreign Arab troops;1,953 Palestinians ca.11,000 Palestinians (known to have died outside combat) ca.23,000 12,000 Israelis.[8]
1949–1967 fedayeen war[9][10][11][12] Egypt Egyptian Armed Forces

Israel Unit 101,

State of PalestinePalestine Liberation Organization

Palestinian militants

2,700–5,000 unknown 2,800–5,000+ considered heavy, at least 500 3,200–5,000
Qibya massacre[13] Israel Israel Defense Forces unknown 42 42 unknown 42
Battle of Karameh[14] IsraelIsrael Defense Forces,

State of PalestinePalestine Liberation Organization

JordanJordanian Armed Forces

156 0 156 100 256
War of Attrition[15][16] Israel IDF special forces, Palestinian Baathist At least 100 unknown 100 unknown 100+
Black September in Jordan 1970–1971[17][18] Jordan Jordan

State of PalestinePalestine Liberation Organization

3,400–20,000 unknown 3,400–20,000 unknown 3,400–20,000+
1973 Israeli raid on Lebanon Israel Israel Defense forces

State of PalestinePalestine Liberation Organization

100+ 0 100+ unknown 100+
Lebanese Civil War (1975–1977)[19][20] Lebanon Lebanon

State of Palestine Fatah

Rejectionist Front Lebanese Front

SyriaSyrian Armed Forces

Lebanese Forces

unknown, thousands 5,000+ unknown, At least 5,000 unknown, At least 4,000 5,000–10,000+
1978 South Lebanon conflict Lebanon Lebanon

Israel Israel Defense Forces

State of Palestine Palestinian Liberation Organization

1,000–2,000 0 1,000–2,000 unknown, heavy 2,000+
1982 Lebanon War[21] Lebanon Lebanon

Israel Israel Defense Forces

SyriaSyrian Armed Forces

State of Palestine Palestinian Liberation Organization

South Lebanon Army

Hezbollah

1,500+ unknown 1,500+ unknown, heavy 1,500+
War of the Camps[22][23] Lebanon Lebanon

Flag of the Amal Movement.svgAmal Movement

State of Palestine Palestinian Liberation Organization

2,000 killed by Amal, 3,000+ killed by other Palestinians unknown, heavy 5,000+ unknown, heavy 8,000+
First Intifada[24][25] Israel Israel Defense Forces

State of Palestine Palestinian Liberation Organization
Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas
PFLP

1,000 killed by Israel security forces, 1,000 killed by other Palestinians unknown At least 2,000 unknown, heavy 2,000+
Second Intifada[26][27][28][citation needed][26][citation needed] Israel Israel Defense Forces

Fatah
Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas
PFLP
Islamic Jihad

2,000–3,500+, disputed 1,099–2,800 4,791 killed by Israeli security forces, 714 killed by other Palestinians 8,611 13,400+
Fatah-Hamas conflict[29] Fatah

Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas

248 at least 98 600 1,000 wounded 1,600
2008–9 Gaza War[30][31] Israel Israel Defense Forces

Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas

491–709, disputed 295–962 1,166–1,417 5,303 6,400–6,700
March 2012 Gaza-Israel clashes[32] Israel Israel Defense Forces

Popular Resistance Committees

18 3 21 24 45
November 2012 Israeli "Operation Pillar of Defense"-Gaza[33][34] Israel Israel Defense Forces

Popular Resistance Committees

67–120 57–107 174–177 unknown 174

Wars ranked by total deaths[edit]

  1. Lebanon Civil War
  2. Black September
  3. 1948 Arab-Israeli War
  4. Fedayeen conflict 1949–1967
  5. Second Intifada
  6. First Intifada
  7. Six-Day War

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://parlipapers.chadwyck.co.uk/marketing/index.jsp[dead link]
  2. ^ Great Britain, 1930: Report of the Commission on the disturbances of August 1929, Command paper 3530 (Shaw Commission report), p. 65.
  3. ^ The 1936 Riots. Jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  4. ^ a b British Rule in Palestine, http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/brits.htm
  5. ^ Gilbert, Martin (2005). Routledge Atlas of the Arab-Israeli Conflict.
  6. ^ Morris 2008, pp. 404–406.
  7. ^ Arab Israel War 1948–1949. Onwar.com.
  8. ^ Henry Laurens, La Question de Palestine, Fayard, Paris 2007 vol.3 p.194.
  9. ^ Orna Almog (2003). Britain, Israel, and the United States, 1955–1958: Beyond Suez. Routledge. p. 20. ISBN 0-7146-5246-6. 
  10. ^ Benny Morris (1993). Border Wars, 1949–1956: The Sinai-Suez Wars and the end of the Fedayeen. Oxford University Press. pp. 419–425. ISBN 0-19-829262-7. 
  11. ^ Thomas G. Mitchell (2000). Native Vs. Settler: Ethnic Conflict in Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland, and South Africa. p. 133. ISBN 0-313-31357-1. 
  12. ^ Benny Morris (1993) Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956: Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation, and the Countdown to the Suez War Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-829262-7 P 67
  13. ^ Benny Morris, Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956: Arab Infiltration, Israeli Retaliation and the Countdown to the Suez War, Oxford University Press, 1993, pp. 258–9.
  14. ^ Pollack (2002), pp. 331–332
  15. ^ The Israeli Commando Assault on Green Island. Jewishvirtuallibrary.org (10 July 1969).
  16. ^ Israeli Elite Units since 1948, Sam Katz, Osprey Publishing 1988, p.31-32
  17. ^ Bailey, p.59, The Making of a War, John Bulloch, p.67
  18. ^ Massad, Joseph Andoni. Colonial Effects: The Making of National Identity in Jordan. Page 342.
  19. ^ Tel El Zaatar 1976 'Tal el zaatar' ' Tel al zaatar '. Liberty05.com.
  20. ^ Lebanon (Civil War 1975–1991). Globalsecurity.org.
  21. ^ Osprey Men-At-Arms series, 1985
  22. ^ http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/warstat3.htm#Lebanon
  23. ^ Lebanese Civil War 1985 – 1987. Liberty05.com.
  24. ^ Collaborators , One Year Al-Aqsa Intifada , Fact Sheets And Figures. Phrmg.org.
  25. ^ Fatalities in the first Intifada | B'Tselem. Btselem.org.
  26. ^ a b ICT Middleastern Conflict Statistics Project. 212.150.54.123 (1 January 2005).
  27. ^ Fatalities | B'Tselem. Btselem.org.
  28. ^ The Intrafada: Palestinians Killed by Palestinians. Jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  29. ^ [1] "Over 600 Palestinians killed in internal clashes since 2006"
  30. ^ [2][dead link]
  31. ^ http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite%3Fcid%3D1237727552054%26pagename%3DJPost%252FJPArticle%252FShowFull&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk
  32. ^ "New Israeli Airstrikes Kill 3 in Gaza". 12 March 2012. 
  33. ^ Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the implementation of Human Rights Council resolutions S-9/1 and S-12/1, Addendum, 6 March 2013.
  34. ^ After eight days of fighting, ceasefire is put to the test