Palmyra (village), New York
|Palmyra (village), New York|
|Incorporated||March 29, 1827|
|Named for||Palmyra in the Levant|
|• Mayor||Christopher Piccola|
|• Total||1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)|
|• Land||1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||480 ft (148 m)|
|Population (2000)|
|• Density||2,623.4/sq mi (1,013.2/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0970448|
The village was originally called "Swift's Landing" (after founder John Swift in 1790, and was incorporated as Palmyra in 1827. By 1900, the village had become a railroad and industrial center. Palmyra was a large part of the underground railroad during times of slavery, it is reported to have helped over 2,000 fugitive slaves escape into Canada.
Palmyra claims to be the only city or village in the U.S. to have four churches at a four corner intersection facing each other. It is one of ten places in the world that has four churches on the four corners of two intersecting highways. The "four corners" churches are located at the intersection of New York State Route 21 and New York State Route 31.
The Palmyra Village Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009. It includes the previously listed Market Street Historic District, East Main Street Commercial Historic District, and Zion Episcopal Church.
Place in early Mormonism
In 1830 the village was the site of the first publication of the Book of Mormon at the printing press of local publisher E. B. Grandin. Many other events in the early history of the Latter Day Saint movement took place in the village and town. The Book of Mormon Historic Publication Site has been maintained by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints since 1978 as a tourist destination and was restored and rededicated in 1998.
2013 Downtown Fire
On May 3, 2013, a fire started by alleged arson destroyed three historic Main Street buildings dating to the village's Erie Canal era, and water from the firefighting response damaged a fourth. The buildings were condemned on May 7 and are scheduled to be demolished by June 30. The buildings survived proposed demolition during the urban renewal era of the 1960s, and may be replaced by a new structure to be raised by one of the destroyed building's owners.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 km²), all of it land.
Palmyra village is at the junction of New York State Route 31 and New York State Route 21, which are partly conjoined in the village. Palmyra is located along the Erie Canal and is south of Lake Ontario.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,490 people, 1,494 households, and 871 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,623.4 people per square mile (1,013.2/km²). There were 1,588 housing units at an average density of 1,193.7 per square mile (461.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.25% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 1.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.
There were 1,494 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.7% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the village the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $38,561, and the median income for a family was $49,450. Males had a median income of $35,351 versus $22,870 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,087. About 5.6% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.
Notable natives and residents
- "Palmyra declares winner in mayor's race after voting machines malfunctioned". NBC News. 2012.
- "Palmyra is Rich in History and Beauty". Town and Village of Palmyra, New York. 2009.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Chronology of Church History". LDS.org: Church History. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- "Book of Mormon Historic Publication Site: Grandin Building". LDS.org: Places To Visit. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- "E. B. Grandin Building". Mormon Historic Sites Registry. MormonHistoricSitesRegistry.org. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
- "Palmyra fire aftermath: Buildings coming down". News 10. WHEC.com. 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palmyra, New York.|
- Official website
- Macedon-Palmyra Chamber of Commerce
- An Introduction to Joseph Smith Jr. in Palmyra, New York.