Newark, New York

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Newark, New York
Village
U.S. Post Office in downtown Newark
U.S. Post Office in downtown Newark
Official seal of Newark, New York
Seal
Newark, New York is located in New York
Newark, New York
Newark, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°02′48″N 77°05′43″W / 43.04667°N 77.09528°W / 43.04667; -77.09528Coordinates: 43°02′48″N 77°05′43″W / 43.04667°N 77.09528°W / 43.04667; -77.09528
Country United States
State New York
County Wayne
Town Arcadia
Incorporated July 21, 1853 (1853-07-21)
Government
 • Mayor Jonathon Taylor (Cole Party)
 • Trustee Al Shober (R)
 • Trustee Kurt Werts (R)
 • Trustee Stuart Blodgett (R)
 • Trustee Bob Bendix(R)
Area
 • Total 5.41 sq mi (13.9 km2)
 • Land 5.41 sq mi (13.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 457 ft (135 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,145
 • Density 1,691.6/sq mi (653.1/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code(s) 14513
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-49891
GNIS feature ID 0958486
Website www.villageofnewark.com

Newark is a village in Wayne County, New York, U.S., 35 miles (56 km) south east of Rochester. The population was 9,145 at the 2010 census.

The Village of Newark is in the south part of the Town of Arcadia and is in the south of Wayne County. It is the most populated community in Wayne County.

History[edit]

The current village also includes the former "Miller's Basin" and "Lockville" prior to its own incorporation in 1839. The Village of Newark was incorporated in 1853, and is the largest village in upstate New York.

It was in Newark, New York that Jackson & Perkins Company, famous for its roses, was founded in 1872 by Albert Jackson and his son-in law Charles H. Perkins. The Perkins mansion, is now listed on the historic register. The Jackson-Perkins Residence is significant for its association with the growth and development of the Jackson and Perkins Company, one of the largest and best-known horticultural firms in the United States. The company was established in 1872 by Albert E. Jackson and his son-in-law, Charles H. Perkins, fruit growers and amateur gardeners, who had purchased the property in 1864.

Initially, Perkins, a lawyer, banker and Vice-President of Chase Bros. Nursery (Rochester) began experimenting with cultivating grapes and other fruits on the property; however, his growing passion for roses led to a substantial increase in horticultural activity, and in 1884 the company hired E. Alvin Miller, a professional propagator and breeder. This marked a substantial enlargement in the size and professionalism of the company, which began to cultivate roses and other Ornamentals on a large scale. Although the growth of the company led to the acquisition of additional farms, the family's High Street estate remained the center of operations, with experiments in propagation taking place on site and the residence's library serving as the company's main office.

In 1910, Charles Perkins's son, George C. Perkins, took over as president. Charles H. Perkins began living in Santa Ana, California during the winters where he began a large poultry business with his brother Wyllys. He also had an orange ranch run by his oldest son Albert J. Perkins. After George C resigned his cousin Charles "Charlie" Perkins became president until the 1960s.

In the first decades of the twentieth century, Jackson and Perkins achieved worldwide fame, particularly for its roses. In 1908, the company received an award from the National Rose Society for Great Britain for the popular "Dorothy Perkins" climbing rose. During the 1920s and 30s the company's research directors were prolific in developing hundreds of new varieties and the company sold millions of plants. In addition to roses, Jackson and Perkins also became major distributors of Clematis, Lilacs, Boxwoods, Azaleas, and Rhododendrons. After specializing in the wholesale trade for more than half a century, Jackson and Perkins's popular exhibit at the 1939 New York World's Fair led to its entrance into the retail market as a mail order business.

During WWII the largest rose grower in the world folded in Germany due to the war. This left the door open for J & P to become the "Rose Capital of America" and the world's rose garden. Today Jackson and Perkins is located in Hodges, South Carolina, a division of the Park Seed Co. and is a full service nursery that disseminates more than one million catalogues and ships more than three million roses and other plants to customers each year.

In 1949, the C.H. Stuart Co., early pioneers in direct selling,formed a small division named after C.H. Stuart's great granddaughter, Sarah Coventry Beale. Sarah Coventry Inc. marketed costume jewelry under home party plan until 1984 and was known the world over.

In 1900, 4,578 people lived in Newark, New York; in 1910, 6,227; and in 1940, 9,646. Newark has become the industrial and retail center of the county.

The Jackson-Perkins House and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

Geography[edit]

Newark is located at 43°02′48″N 77°05′43″W / 43.04667°N 77.09528°W / 43.04667; -77.09528.[2]

Newark is located along the southern edge of Wayne County, bordering Ontario County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.4 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.19% is water.

The center of the village is at Main Street (New York State Route 88) and Union Street (New York State Route 31). Route 31 runs next to the southern bank of the Erie Canal

Central Park in Newark, NY.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 9,145 people, 4,098 households, and 2,433 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,691.6 people per square mile. There were 4,098 housing units at an average density of 762.5 per square mile (294.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 89.0% White, 5.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.4% of the population.

There were 3,857 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the village the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $32,542, and the median income for a family was $40,863. Males had a median income of $31,641 versus $23,588 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,176. About 12.5% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Quality Inn of the Finger Lakes

Notable people[edit]

  • Peter Hannan, Creator of the animated series CatDog[citation needed]
  • Charles R, Jackson, (1903–1968), author of The Lost Weekend and of The Sunnier Side, most of which is set in the Newark N.Y.in which he grew up, called "Arcadia." [4]
  • Doug Kent, Newark resident; professional ten-pin bowler and 2006-07 PBA Player of the Year[5]
  • Thomas Krens, Former director, current senior adviser, at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum[6]
  • Clarence MacGregor, former US Congressman
  • Sybil Shearer, Newark High School graduate, 1930- Pioneer in Modern Dance[7]
  • Paul J. Swain, Newark High School graduate 1961- Roman Catholic bishop[8]
  • Marilyn Leavitt-Imblum, Needlework designer [9]
  • Admiral Leslie E. Gheres, Newark N.Y. high school graduate and Captain of the USS Franklin (CV-13).[10]
  • Tom Burgess, Canadian Football All-Star Quarterback. 78th Grey Cup MVP on Offense.[11]
  • Lowell (Bud) Paxon lived in Newark (120 Moore St.) in 1962 when he was involved in the local radio station WACK. Paxon went on to be a media mogul, founder of Home Shopping Network and Pax TV.
  • Esbon Blackmar, former US Congressman[12]
  • Javon McCrea, Basketball player at University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, who is the school's all time leading scorer
  • Phil Elmore, WorldNetDaily contributor.
  • James.E.Briggs founded Lawyers Cooperative Publishing Co. in Newark in 1882. Briggs resided at 502 West Maple Ave.
  • Erick C. Clemmensen[13]- In 1914, he co-founded the Commonwealth Chemical Corporation in Newark, N.Y, where he developed methods for the manufacture of sodium benzoate, vanillin, and coumarin. After a fire in 1929, the company was acquired by Monsanto Chemical Company and moved to St. Louis, MO. While working for Monsanto, Clemmensen helped develop the synthesis of the artificial sweetener saccharin. In 1935, he returned to New York and founded a chemical company named after him. Died 1941.
  • Issac Singer of sewing machine fame, trained as an apprentice in the Daggett Machine Shop in Newark. [14]
  • Henry Wells, founder of Wells Fargo, American Express, Wells College benefactor. lived as a young boy in the western portion of the Town of Arcadia and trained in the famous Daggett Machine Shop in Newark. [15]
  • John Daggett- John Daggett was born in Newark, New York, May 9, 1833. He came to California ca. 1852, at age 19, with his brother David and was elected to the Assembly in 1858, and re-elected in 1859, and 1880. Daggett was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1882, and was appointed Superintendent of the United States Mint in San Francisco in 1893, in which capacity he served for four years. The city of Daggett, was named for him. He died August 30, 1919. [16]
  • Frank John Gravino (January 29, 1923 - April 5, 1994) was a longtime minor league baseball outfielder who played from 1940 to 1942 and from 1946 to 1954. Known as the "greatest slugger in Northern League history," hit .292 with 271 home runs and a .583 slugging percentage in his 12-year career.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0413352/
  5. ^ "Doug Kent Named PBA Player of the Year." www.mybowler.com, May 22, 2007.
  6. ^ Goldhar, Eleanor R. (February 2008), Thomas Krens To Step Down As Director Of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation To Assume Leadership Role In Developing The New Guggenheim Abu Dhabi (press release), The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation 
  7. ^ Without Wings the Way is Steep: The Autobiography of Sybil Shearer
  8. ^ Bishop Swain's Biography, Roman Catholic Diocese of Sioux Falls, retrieved 2010-04-11 
  9. ^ http://www.co.wayne.ny.us/RPT-TaxSearch/Owner.aspx?Type=R&ID=86809&Page=Owner&Site=1  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "USS Franklin Capt Leslie E.Gehres Autograph". 
  11. ^ cfl-scrapbook
  12. ^ Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  13. ^ Wikipedia
  14. ^ American Heritage magazine 1958, Newark-Arcadia Hometown History, Robert Hoeltzel historian/author
  15. ^ John Daggett letters to Newark Courier Gazette
  16. ^ California State Library
  17. ^ http://bismarcktribune.com/news/local/teams-have-rocky-seasons/article_09d8e432-5f37-5937-bdbf-69d20798d590.html

External links[edit]