Newark, New York

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Newark, New York
Village
U.S. Post Office in downtown Newark
U.S. Post Office in downtown Newark
Official seal of Newark, New York
Seal
Newark, New York is located in New York
Newark, New York
Newark, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°02′48″N 77°05′43″W / 43.04667°N 77.09528°W / 43.04667; -77.09528Coordinates: 43°02′48″N 77°05′43″W / 43.04667°N 77.09528°W / 43.04667; -77.09528
Country United States
State New York
County Wayne
Town Arcadia
Incorporated July 21, 1853 (1853-07-21)
Government
 • Mayor Jonathon Taylor (D)
 • Trustee Al Shober (R)
 • Trustee Kurt Werts (R)
 • Trustee Stuart Blodgett (R)
 • Trustee Bob Bendix(R)
Area
 • Total 5.41 sq mi (13.9 km2)
 • Land 5.41 sq mi (13.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 457 ft (135 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,145
 • Density 1,691.6/sq mi (653.1/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Code(s) 14513
Area code(s) 315
FIPS code 36-49891
GNIS feature ID 0958486
Website www.villageofnewark.com

Newark is a village in Wayne County, New York, U.S., 35 miles (56 km) south east of Rochester. The population was 9,145 at the 2010 census.

The Village of Newark is in the south part of the Town of Arcadia and is in the south of Wayne County. It is the most populated community in Wayne County.

History[edit]

The current village also includes the former "Miller's Basin" and "Lockville" prior to its own incorporation in 1839. The Village of Newark was incorporated in 1853, and is the largest village in upstate New York.

It was in Newark, New York that Jackson & Perkins Company, famous for its roses, was founded in 1872 by Albert Jackson and his son-in law Charles H. Perkins. The Perkins mansion, is now listed on the historic register. The Jackson-Perkins Residence is significant for its association with the growth and development of the Jackson and Perkins Company, one of the largest and best-known horticultural firms in the United States. The company was established in 1872 by Albert E. Jackson and his son-in-law, Charles H. Perkins, fruit growers and amateur gardeners, who had purchased the property in 1864.

Initially, Perkins, a lawyer, banker and Vice-President of Chase Bros. Nursery (Rochester) began experimenting with cultivating grapes and other fruits on the property; however, his growing passion for roses led to a substantial increase in horticultural activity, and in 1884 the company hired E. Alvin Miller, a professional propagator and breeder. This marked a substantial enlargement in the size and professionalism of the company, which began to cultivate roses and other Ornamentals on a large scale. Although the growth of the company led to the acquisition of additional farms, the family's High Street estate remained the center of operations, with experiments in propagation taking place on site and the residence's library serving as the company's main office.

In 1910, Charles Perkins's son, George C. Perkins, took over as president. Charles H. Perkins began living in Santa Ana, California during the winters where he began a large poultry business with his brother Wyllys. He also had an orange ranch run by his oldest son Albert J. Perkins. After George C resigned his cousin Charles "Charlie" Perkins became president until the 1960s.

In the first decades of the twentieth century, Jackson and Perkins achieved worldwide fame, particularly for its roses. In 1908, the company received an award from the National Rose Society for Great Britain for the popular "Dorothy Perkins" climbing rose. During the 1920s and 30s the company's research directors were prolific in developing hundreds of new varieties and the company sold millions of plants. In addition to roses, Jackson and Perkins also became major distributors of Clematis, Lilacs, Boxwoods, Azaleas, and Rhododendrons. After specializing in the wholesale trade for more than half a century, Jackson and Perkins's popular exhibit at the 1939 New York World's Fair led to its entrance into the retail market as a mail order business.

During WWII the largest rose grower in the world folded in Germany due to the war. This left the door open for J & P to become the "Rose Capital of America" and the world's rose garden. Today Jackson and Perkins is located in Hodges, South Carolina, a division of the Park Seed Co. and is a full service nursery that disseminates more than one million catalogues and ships more than three million roses and other plants to customers each year.

In 1949, the C.H. Stuart Co., early pioneers in direct selling,formed a small division named after C.H. Stuart's great granddaughter, Sarah Coventry Beale. Sarah Coventry Inc. marketed costume jewelry under home party plan until 1984 and was known the world over.

In 1900, 4,578 people lived in Newark, New York; in 1910, 6,227; and in 1940, 9,646. Newark has become the industrial and retail center of the county.

The Jackson-Perkins House and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

Remnants of the former Enlarged Erie Canal Lock 59 (also called the Upper Lockville Lock) are located along North Clinton Street across from the current Lock 28B in Newark, just off N.Y. Route 31. It was a double-chamber lock built in 1841, and had a lift of 7.88 feet (2.40 m) to the west.[2][3] The former Enlarged Erie Canal Lock 58 (also called the Middle Lockville Lock) is a few blocks east off Lyons Street, but one of the chambers is being used by a scrap company. Volunteers cleared the other chamber as part of a canal trail project.[4]

The village is part of the Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor.[5] Erie Canal Lock 28B is located below the bridge on North Clinton Street, just off N.Y. Route 31. It was built around 1913, and has a lift of 12 feet (3.66 m) to the west.[6]

Geography[edit]

Newark is located at 43°02′48″N 77°05′43″W / 43.04667°N 77.09528°W / 43.04667; -77.09528.[7]

Newark is located along the southern edge of Wayne County, bordering Ontario County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.4 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.19% is water.

The center of the village is at Main Street (New York State Route 88) and Union Street (New York State Route 31). Route 31 runs next to the southern bank of the Erie Canal

Central Park in Newark, NY.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2010, there were 9,145 people, 3,842 households, and 2,256 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,691.6 people per square mile (653.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 89.0% White, 5.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.4% of the population.

There were 3,857 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the village the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $32,542, and the median income for a family was $40,863. Males had a median income of $31,641 versus $23,588 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,176. About 12.5% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Quality Inn of the Finger Lakes

Housing[edit]

There were 4,098 housing units at an average density of 762.5 per square mile (294.5/km²). 6.2% of housing units were vacant.

There were 3,842 occupied housing units in the village. 2,082 were owner-occupied units (54.2%), while 1,760 were renter-occupied (45.8%). The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9% of total units. The rental unit vacancy rate was 5.7%.[8]

Notable people[edit]

  • Peter Hannan, Creator of the animated series CatDog[citation needed]
  • Charles R, Jackson, (1903–1968), author of The Lost Weekend and of The Sunnier Side, most of which is set in the Newark N.Y.in which he grew up, called "Arcadia." [9]
  • Doug Kent, Newark resident; professional ten-pin bowler and 2006-07 PBA Player of the Year[10]
  • Thomas Krens, Former director, current senior adviser, at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum[11]
  • Clarence MacGregor, former US Congressman
  • Sybil Shearer, Newark High School graduate, 1930- Pioneer in Modern Dance[12]
  • Paul J. Swain, Newark High School graduate 1961- Roman Catholic bishop[13]
  • Marilyn Leavitt-Imblum, Needlework designer [14]
  • Admiral Leslie E. Gheres, Newark N.Y. high school graduate and Captain of the USS Franklin (CV-13).[15]
  • Tom Burgess, Canadian Football All-Star Quarterback. 78th Grey Cup MVP on Offense.[16]
  • Lowell (Bud) Paxon lived in Newark (120 Moore St.) in 1961 when he was involved in the local radio station WACK. Paxon went on to be a media mogul, founder of Home Shopping Network and Pax TV. Mr. Paxon passed away on January 9, 2015.
  • Esbon Blackmar, former US Congressman[17]
  • Javon McCrea, Basketball player at University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, who is the school's all time leading scorer
  • Phil Elmore, WorldNetDaily contributor.
  • James.E.Briggs founded Lawyers Cooperative Publishing Co. in Newark in 1882. Briggs resided at 502 West Maple Ave.
  • Erick C. Clemmensen[18]- In 1914, he co-founded the Commonwealth Chemical Corporation in Newark, N.Y, where he developed methods for the manufacture of sodium benzoate, vanillin, and coumarin. After a fire in 1929, the company was acquired by Monsanto Chemical Company and moved to St. Louis, MO. While working for Monsanto, Clemmensen helped develop the synthesis of the artificial sweetener saccharin. In 1935, he returned to New York and founded a chemical company named after him. Died 1941.
  • Issac Singer of sewing machine fame, trained as an apprentice in the Daggett Machine Shop in Newark. [19]
  • Henry Wells, founder of Wells Fargo, American Express, Wells College benefactor. lived as a young boy in the western portion of the Town of Arcadia and trained in the famous Daggett Machine Shop in Newark. [20]
  • John Daggett- John Daggett was born in Newark, New York, May 9, 1833. He came to California ca. 1852, at age 19, with his brother David and was elected to the Assembly in 1858, and re-elected in 1859, and 1880. Daggett was elected Lieutenant Governor in 1882, and was appointed Superintendent of the United States Mint in San Francisco in 1893, in which capacity he served for four years. The city of Daggett, was named for him. He died August 30, 1919. [21]
  • Frank John Gravino (January 29, 1923 - April 5, 1994) was a longtime minor league baseball outfielder who played from 1940 to 1942 and from 1946 to 1954. Known as the "greatest slugger in Northern League history," hit .292 with 271 home runs and a .583 slugging percentage in his 12-year career.[22]
  • Burrud Family- Newton J. Burrud moved to Newark at the turn of the century, working in the cigar business and active in local bands. Burrud developed a formula for mince meat and put the product up in jars at his residence at the corner of West Miller St., and West Avenue. He would later sell the business to the Muth brothers and it eventually became the beginning of the Perfection Mincemeat Co.

Newton Burrud's son Leland took a job with the Eastman Kodak Co., becoming a well known scenic photographer in 1913, moving west and producing films "Weekly Legends of the Wilderness". These productions helped to blaze the way for automobile tourists in the western states. Leland Burrud's son Bill, was born in California, and made his first film appearance at the age of 7 in Music in the Air. He also appeared in Captains Courageous with Spencer Tracy and in several films starring John Wayne. Burrud served in the U.S. Navy during World War II, then graduated from Harvard University. In 1950 Burrud turned his attention to television. He coined the word "traventure" to describe the programs he intended to produce. The following year station KTTV in Los Angeles purchased his series The Open Road. In 1954 he founded Bill Burrud Productions, which would produce programs that included True Adventure, Vagabond, Wanderlust (the theme song for which was "The Happy Wanderer"), Animal World, Islands in the Sun, Wonderful World of Women, Safari to Adventure, Treasure, and Natural Wonders. His company also produced numerous television specials. Burrud died from a heart attack in Sunset Beach, California in 1990 at the age of 65. He was buried at Riverside National Cemetery in Riverside, California. His son John Burrud now heads the company. For his many contributions to television entertainment, Burrud received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1977. Burrud's star is next to Elvis Presley's.

  • Harriet VanHorne-Van Horne was born in Syracuse, New York, moved with her parents to 214 Grace Ave. in Newark where she graduated from Newark, N.Y. High School and from the College for Women of the University of Rochester in 1940.

During the 1940s and 1950s, she appeared frequently on television as a celebrity panelist. Van Horne was a regular on NBC's popular series Leave It to the Girls from 1949 to 1954. She was also a regular on the DuMont Television Network's quiz show What's the Story from 1952 to 1955. She was a syndicated columnist appearing in the New York Post and other newspapers around the country. In 1960 she covered the Nixon-Kennedy debates as a television critic for the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain. Her work landed her on the master list of Nixon political opponents. Van Horne had to deal with prevailing sexism against female journalists. Ray Erwin of Editor & Publisher described syndicated columnist Van Horne as "a dainty, blue-eyed blonde with a sweet-voiced feminine manner-and a harpoon in her typewriter."[3] In 1972, she published the essay collection Never Go Anywhere Without a Pencil. According to Van Horne, "I used to enjoy radio until I realized that by listening to it, I had become almost as sterile and unimaginative as the programs themselves." She said that TV review was arduous work, commenting "Imagine having to review 'I Love Lucy' 20 times or 'Gunsmoke' 10 times." In her later years, she said "For all my criticism, I almost enjoyed 'Playhouse 90' compared to the canned shows from Universal or all that cowboy and cop nonsense." Van Horne continued writing her newspaper column almost up to her death, eventually replacing TV reviews with any random subject that crossed her mind. While her columns remained popular with readers, few newspapers carried them due to the impossibility of categorization. [23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ The Erie Canal (Lock 59 - Upper Lockville Lock), Retrieved Jan. 21, 2015.
  3. ^ The Travels of Tug 44 (Erie Canal Lock 59), Retrieved Jan. 21, 2015.
  4. ^ The Erie Canal (Lock 58 - Middle Lockville Lock), Retrieved Jan. 21, 2015.
  5. ^ National Park Service - Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor Brochure, New York, Retrieved Jan. 21, 2015.
  6. ^ NY Canals (Index of Locks), Retrieved Jan. 21, 2015.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0413352/
  10. ^ "Doug Kent Named PBA Player of the Year." www.mybowler.com, May 22, 2007.
  11. ^ Goldhar, Eleanor R. (February 2008), Thomas Krens To Step Down As Director Of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation To Assume Leadership Role In Developing The New Guggenheim Abu Dhabi (press release), The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation 
  12. ^ Without Wings the Way is Steep: The Autobiography of Sybil Shearer
  13. ^ Bishop Swain's Biography, Roman Catholic Diocese of Sioux Falls, retrieved 2010-04-11 
  14. ^ http://www.co.wayne.ny.us/RPT-TaxSearch/Owner.aspx?Type=R&ID=86809&Page=Owner&Site=1  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  15. ^ "USS Franklin Capt Leslie E.Gehres Autograph". 
  16. ^ cfl-scrapbook
  17. ^ Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  18. ^ Wikipedia
  19. ^ American Heritage magazine 1958, Newark-Arcadia Hometown History, Robert Hoeltzel historian/author
  20. ^ John Daggett letters to Newark Courier Gazette
  21. ^ California State Library
  22. ^ http://bismarcktribune.com/news/local/teams-have-rocky-seasons/article_09d8e432-5f37-5937-bdbf-69d20798d590.html
  23. ^ Severo, Richard (January 17, 1998). Harriet Van Horne, 77, Critic Of Early TV and Radio Shows. New York Times

External links[edit]