Yamuna Karjee (1898-1953) was an Indian independence activist.
Early life and education
Yamuna Karjee was born in a small village name Deopar near Pusa in Darbhanga District of Bihar in 1898. His father Anu Karjee was a farmer who died when Yamuna Karjee was just 6 months old. From his school days itself, he was drawn towards India’s freedom struggle and the Kisan Movement and Peasant movement under Sahajanand Saraswati's leadership. In the peasant movement he became a close associate of other revolutionary peasant leaders like Karyanand Sharma, Yadunandan Sharma and Panchanan Sharma.[page needed]
For higher studies he went to the Presidency College, Kolkata, and also obtained a degree in Law. In Calcutta he came in contact with several freedom fighters and Congress leaders like Bidhan Chandra Roy, Sri Krishna Sinha and Rahul Sankrityayan.
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Spurning the offers of several government jobs, he became a Hindi journalist of repute. He joined the editorial wing of Hindi weekly Bharat Mitra published in Calcutta. He also took part in Gandhiji’s non cooperation movement from 1920–21 and was jailed in 1929-30 for taking part in civil disobedience movement and Namak Satyagrah.
He won the first election for Bihar and Orissa Assembly in 1937 as a Congress candidate.
He along with Rahul Sankritayan, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar and other popular Hindi literaries started publishing a Hindi weekly Hunkar from Bihar in 1940, guided by his respected Gandhian friend & relative Bashishtha Narayan Thakur, a Graduate from Presidency College Calcutta who refused to join Bihar Provincial Services, popularly known as Guruji (Master Saheb). Hunkar later became the mouthpiece of the peasant movement and the agrarian movement in Bihar. Yamuna Karjee was also the President of the Kisan Sabha for some time & was elected to the post of President Bihar Journalist association in 1947-48.
Death and afterward
He died of cancer in October 1953 at an early age of 55. After his untimely demise the peasant movement lost momentum in Bihar and became rudderless.
His name also appears in Bipan Chandra's masterpiece India's Struggle for Independence.
There is a college near Muzaffarpur named after Yamuna Karjee.
- Das, Arvind Narayan (1983). Agrarian Unrest and Socio-economic Change, 1900-1980. New Delhi, India: Manohar.