Panzer 58

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mittlerer Panzer 1958 (MPz58)
Panzer 58 in Thun
Panzer 1958
Type Medium tank
Place of origin   Switzerland
Service history
In service 1958–1964
Used by Switzerland
Wars none
Production history
Designer Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette
Designed 1953
Manufacturer Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette Thun
Produced 1957–1961
Number built 12 (all versions);
Variants 1st Prototype
2nd Prototype
Production Model
Specifications
Weight 35.1 tonnes
Length 6.9 m (270 in), Gun in driving mode:8.49 m (334 in)
Width 3.06 m (120 in)
Height 2.85 m (112 in)
Crew 4

Armour Steel
Front: 60mm-80mm
Sides: 30mm
Rear: 20mm
Main
armament
1st Prototype: 1x 90mm "Kanone 1948" domestic rifled gun
2nd Prototype: 1x Ordnance QF 20 pounder rifled gun
Production Vehicles: 1x Royal Ordnance L7 105mm rifled gun with 44 rounds
Secondary
armament
6x Nbw 51 80mm smoke grenade launchers with 2 rounds per tube
1x 20mm coaxial autocannon with 240 rounds
1x 7.5mm Flab MG with 3400 rounds
Engine 8 cylinder V90° Mercedes Benz 837, 600 HP
Auxillary 4 cylinder in-line Mercedes Benz OM 636, 38 HP
Power/weight 12.3 kW/T (17.1 HP/T)
Transmission Rear SLM
Suspension Rods with springs and hydraulic dampers
Ground clearance 1100 mm
Fuel capacity 640 Liters
Operational
range
on road 350 km (220 mi), off-road 160 km (99 mi)
Speed on road 55 km/h (34 mph), off-road 30 km/h (19 mph)

The Mittlerer Panzer 1958 or Panzer 58 was a medium tank of Swiss design. Twelve tanks were produced and later converted to Panzer 61s.

History and Development[edit]

After World War II, Switzerland was only equipped with outdated fighting vehicles of foreign production such as the Hetzer. Switzerland sought to purchase new armored fighting vehicles but was unable to do so due to other nations' involvement in the Korean War. Thus, in 1953 funding was allocated for the development of a domestic medium tank. The first prototype was completed by Eidgenoessische Konstruktionswerkstaette in 1957 and was designated as Panzer 58. The main armament of the first prototype was a domestic 90 mm cannon. A second prototype was equipped with a British Ordnance QF 20 pounder. Another ten tanks armed with the 105 mm cannon were manufactured from 1960-1961.

Vehicle Systems[edit]

The drive unit was compact and modular and thus cold be installed as a unit easily. It consisted of the motor, auxiliary motor, drive and steering gear, power transmission and radiator. The auxiliary engine was a four cylinder diesel engine and was used to drive the main generator and the power supply. In case of a problem with the main motor, the tank could be driven with the auxiliary engine via the auxiliary transmission, over short distances. The transmission was an SLM with 6 forward and 2 reverse gears. The foot brake and parking brake consisted of two brake bands on the left and right sides of the gearbox. The turret was located in the center of the tank.

Crew[edit]

The crew of the Panzer 58 consisted of 1 Commander, 1 Driver, 1 Loader, and 1 Gunner.

Use[edit]

Between 1958 and 1964 the Panzer 58 was in service with the Swiss Army. Eventually, the vehicles were converted to and used as the Panzer 61.

Legacy[edit]

The lessons learned with the Panzer 58 project were the basis of the Panzer 61. This project served in the development of Switzerland's armored doctrine throughout the cold war and into the modern day; even modern Swiss Leopard 2 tanks are modified to conform to the unique demands of Switzerland that were born to a large extent from the Panzer 58 project.

Surviving Examples[edit]

The prototype with the M plate No. M0895 is on display at the Panzermuseum Thun in Thun, Switzerland

External links[edit]

References[edit]